Discussion Kumbha Sraddha ||37||

1-2O lord, please explain to me the mode of giving water-jar precisely. What are the rules of giving? How many vessels should be given? What are their characteristics? By what stuff are they to be filled? To whom are they to be given? When are they to be given to propitiate the dead?
3O Tarkshya, now I shall explain the mode of gifting a water-jar. It should be offered to the brahman in favour of the dead along with a rice-ball and the libation of water.
4For the pleasure of the dead on their way to Yama’s abode, these vessels should be given on the twelfth day, after six weeks, after six months or at the end of a year.
5The vessel should be placed on the ground cleaned and. smeared with cow dung. They should be filled with cooked food and water.
6Satiating food should be given to the dead. The dead man is delighted thereby as he goes along with the attendants of Yama.
7On the twelfth day, twelve such jars should be given.
8A Vardhani [a vessel] filled with cooked food and water should be given to a Brahmin with Vishnu in view after due Sankalpa.
9A single Vessel should be given in favour of Yama. Thereby, the dead man attains release. Another vessel should be given in favour of Citragupta. Thereby, the dead man.
10Sixteen vessels filled with cooked black gram and water should be given to sixteen brahmins, one to each.
11The sixteen sraddhas are performed beginning with Utkranti-Sraddha (the first of the series).
12From the eleventh day a vessel should be given every day for a year.
13A Vardhann filled with cooked rice and. water should be given every day for a year along with a bamboo vessel.
14A vessel full of water should be given to a Brahmin, after covering it with a cloth and scenting it with fragrant stuffs.
15-16Every day, 0 bird, with due Sankalpa a vessel should be given to a Brahmin well versed in the Vedas and observing all rites. He must be a deserving person, not a fool. Only the man who is endowed with Vedic lore can cross and enable others to cross -the ocean of worldly existence.