Discussion between Krishna and Garuda on Moksha ||38||
1-3O lord, please explain to me the nature of salvation. and heaven realizable or accessible by gifts or pilgrimages. How does a mall attain salvation and how does he reach and stay in haven for a longtime? What are the causes of fall of living beings from heaven and other regions among-the upper seven worlds.
4After obtaining human form in any of the thirteen castes in Bharata, if a man dies in a holy centre he is never born again.
5The seven cities of Ayodhya, Mathura, Miyi, Kand, Avantika, Kasi and Dvaravati confer salvation.
6If at the time when the vital airs have reached the throat (when death is imminent) a man says: I have renounced, he attains the region of Vishnu and death and is not born again.
7He has already tucked his clothes for his journey to his goal of salvation if he pronounces, the two fetters Hari even for once.
8He who remembers me ever and anon saying Krishna, Krishna, Krishna is lifted up by me from hell just as the lotus springs. up breaking through the water.
9Undoubtedly one attains salvation if one dies near a Salagrama stone which is powerful for annihilating all sins and defects.
10There is no doubt in this that salvation is ever present wherever Salagrama stone or the stone of Dvaravati or both are present.
11O bird, by growing, nurturing, sprinkling, saluting and extolling the Tulasi plant Man’s sin accumulated in various births is wiped off.
12He who has taken ablution in the holy lake of Manasa where wisdom is the eddy, truth the water and which removes the dirt of Jove and hatred is never tarnished by sins.
13God is not present in wood, stone or clods of earth. He is present in our heart. Hence, one should invoke the heart which plays a prominent part in devotion.
14Fishermen visit Narmada, the holy river, every morning. But their mind does not become pure.
15Men reap the fruits of their actions in accordance with their feeling; their goal in the other world is also befitting that. Their activity yields accordant fruits.
16He who lays down his life for the sake of his preceptor, a Brahmin, a woman or a child attains salvations.
17After making various gifts to Brahmins if a person dies during the period of fast, he is freed from all bondage and attains salvation.
18-19Such are the ways which lead either to salvation or heaven. In thwarting the seizure of cows, civil commotions and national calamities or disasters in holy places and temples, it is equally beneficent whether one succumbs or survives. Life becomes pleasant by making gifts and enjoyments. Death is efficacious in battle and holy places.
20Casting themselves off, human beings whether of high, middling or low class attain their heavenly abode.
21-22A man dying in Harikshetra, Kurukshetra, Bhrigukshetra, Prabhasa, Srisaila, Arbuda, Puskara or Bhutesvara attains heavenly abode for the period of a day of Brahma and thereafter falls to the earth.
23He who accords gifts to a Brahmin devoted to the observance sufficient to last for a year raises his family and is honoured.
24He who offers a virgin in marriage to a Brahmin well versed in the Vedas shall stay in lndraloka along with the members of his family.
25-26By giving gifts a man shall reap the fruits thereof. There is no doubt in this that he who resuscitates and repairs tanks, wells, lakes, parks and temples in ruins reaps twice the merit derived by the original builder.
27-29He who gives to a scholarly Brahmin burdened with a family, ornaments for the ears, neck, fingers and arms, a cozy house fully furnished with utensils and other requisites, a cow and the contrivances to prevent chillness, gusts of wind and scorching heat, is honoured in heaven for thirty-five million years. The woman of the same caste who follows her husband in death attains heaven and stays for as many heavenly years as she spent human years in this world with him.
30If a woman leaves her sons, grandsons and other relatives and follows her husband in death both of them attain heaven along with three generations.
31Even if a woman has committed sins including evil intention against her own husband, she can wash off her sins if she follows her husband in death.
32Even if the husband has been a sinner and wicked; his sins will be washed off if the wife follows him after death.
33If a man offers only a morsel of bread to the needy he will be proceeding to heaven in an aerial chariot endowed with chowries and umbrellas.
34If he offers maintenance sufficient for a year, the sins committed by him till his death are destroyed.
35lf he helps a Brahmin to celebrate the marriage of his daughter, he washes off his sins of the past, future and present births.
36The merit accruing from digging ten wells is acquired by digging a tank. The merit accruing from digging ten tanks is acquired by digging a lake. O bird, a drinking water shed erected in a dry place is equal to digging ten lakes.
37The drinking water shed erected in a dry place is equal to a gift to an indigent Brahmin. He who shows mercy to living beings becomes a leader of the world.
38By means of meritorious deeds like these one can attain heaven. After reaping the fruits of his virtuous deeds, one becomes well established.
39Leaving off useless insignificant place is so If a man contributes to cremate activities one shall ever be virtuous. Gifts, truth and mercy constitute the essential characteristics of the three worlds.
40A gift made to an indigent man is excellent; the worship of a Linga in a secluded.