Discussion between Krishna and Garuda on Happiness and Sorrows ||40||
1-2O lord; I wish to hear this explained. Some brahmin have tragic deaths. How is the passage in regard to those? What is their place? What is their goal? what are the rules of observance in regard to them? Please tell me the after-effects of such untimely unnatural deaths?
3O Garuda, I shall tell you in detail about their passage, rules of observance and place. It is a great secret- the rite in case of abnormal death.
4-6aThere are People who are dead by fasts, killed by tanged animals, dead by strangulation, who are slayers of preceptors killed by wolves, who die of arson or imprecations of Brahmins, who die of cholera, who commit suicide, who fall from a peak and die, who hang themselves to death, who are drowned in tank, river or ocean, listen to their plight. These go to hell.
6b-12Those who are killed by the Mlecchas and other infidels, who are defiled by dogs, jackals, etc., who are not cremated, who are full of germs, who die of leaping or great ailments or contact with foul women, or an attack by a low-born person, who die of water, of serpent-bite, who are struck by lightning, killed by fanged beasts, who die of falling from trees, who are defiled by women in menses and impurities who are Sudras washer men and others, who are likely to fall into hell by committing sin or escaping it become ghosts for such persons there is no rite of cremation, no water-libation, no rite of obsequy and no observance of impurity. For these people, O Garuda, the rite of Narayana ball should be performed. Now, for the benefit of the entire world, is hall narrate the procedure of this rite that dispels the fear of sins.
13For a Brahmin, the rite should be performed within six months; for a Kshatriya within three months; for a Vaishya within a month and a half and fora Sudra immediately.
14-15The Narayana ball should be performed through Brahmins in Ganga, Yamuna, Naimisa and Pushkara in a tank full of water, in an eddy of pure water, ma cow-shed, in a house or in a temple in front of Krishna’s image.
16Water-libation should be performed with mantras from the Vedas and the Puranas. With the articles of worship lord Vishnu should be propitiated.
17Rites accompanied by reciting the Purusa-Sukta and Vishnu mantras should be performed. Facing the south, the dead should be identified with lord Vishnu.
18The mantra runs thus! May the lord Pundarikaksha who has no beginning, no end, who bears on his person a conch, a discus and a mace confer salvation to the dead.
19-20After offering water-libation, the house-holder who is not affected by passion and hatred, who is pure, restrained in senses, devoted to virtue and benevolence shall observe silence along with his kinsmen, O Garuda.
21Then he shall perform eleven sraddhas with full concentration observing all rules.
22-23He should make various gifts of water, grain, wheat, Priyangu, cooked rice soaked in ghi, silver coin, umbrella, turban, cloth, vegetables, milk, honey and sandals.
24Gifts should be made to all without depriving anyone of the line of those assembled. The rice-balls placed on the ground should be accompanied by scents, flowers and gains.
25Gifts made to Brahmins should be in accordance with the Vedic and Shastric injunctions. Water-libation should be offered separately through a conch or a copper vessel.
26-27The performer of rites should hold breath and kneel on the ground. He should first give the arghya and then perform Ekoddisa. The first rice-ball should be offered with the mantras Apo Daiv, Madhumati and the second with the mantra Upayamagrhitosi.
28The third rice-ball is given with the mantra yena Pavaka Cakshasa the fourth with the mantra ye Devasahi, and the fifth with the mantra Samudram Gaccha.
29The mantra Agnirjyoti Vis for the sixth, Hiranyagarbhahi for the seventh, Yamaya for the eighth and Yajjagrat for the ninth.
30The mantra Yahi Phalinihi, is for the tenth and Bhadram Kanebhihi for the eleventh. Thus, all the rice-balls should be offered. After this, he shall perform the sraddha for eleven deities on the next day.
31Five Brahmins should be invited and Arghya given to them. They should be learned, of good conduct, most excellent in their family, free from physical decrepitude and noble. Never -should they be of the condemnable type.
32The image of Vishnu should be made of gold, that of Rudra of copper, that of Brahma of silver and that of Yama of iron.
33The effigy of the dead should be made of lead or Darbha grass. Nyasa of Samavedin should be conducted with the mantra Yamaratva.
34-35Lord Govinda should be placed in the west with the mantra; Agna a Yahi, Prajapati in the east with the mantra Agnim Ile; Yama in the south with the mantra Ise Tva and in the middle a mystic diagram should be drawn on the ground where the body of Darbha grass.
36In five vessels containing five gems there be invoked Brahma, Vishnu, Rudra, Yama and the dead person.
37The cloth, the sacred thread and the coins should be separate for each deity. The mantras too are separate for each deity.
38Five sraddhas are performed separately for the deities with due observance of rules, and water is poured over the Pindas separately.
39-41Water with gingelly seeds shall be taken in a conch or a copper vessel or if it is not available in an earthen vessel along with the articles of worship. O lord of birds, the following articles should be gifted to a pious Brahmin-seat, sandal, umbrella, coins, water pot, vessel, food-stuffs and grains, thus constituting the eight Padas as well as a copper vessel with gingelly seeds along with gold and compatible Dakshinas.
42-43Fields with grain plants already grown should be gifted to Rigvedin, a milk cow to a Yajurvedin, a new cloth to a Samavedin with Lord Siva in view, and similarly gingelly seeds and iron with Yama in view. The sacrificial fee should be paid to the officiating priests.
44An effigy should be made with the medicinal herbs. O Kasyapa, Palasa leaves and bunches should be split into several pieces.
45The hide of a black deer should be spread and the effigy of kusa grass placed over it. Three hundred and sixty blades of kusa grass representing the number of bones in the body should be used.
46The blades of kusa grass should be tied well to constitute the different limbs. Forty blades of kusa grass at the head and ten at the neck.
47Twenty in the region of the heart, twenty in the belly, hundred in the thighs and twenty at the hips.
48Four for the penis, six for the testicles, ten for the toes. This is the procedure to’ represent the bones.
49A coconut is placed at the head; a silver piece in the palate; five gems in the mouth and a plantain fruit in the tongue.
50Sands represent the entrails; saffron is placed at the nose; clay represents the fat and cow’s urine the urine.
51Sulphur represents the Dhatus (the principal constituents of the body). Haritala, Manahsila and fried barley flour represent flesh and honey represents the blood.
52A clump of twigs and leaves represents the matted hair, hide of deer represents the skin, mercury represents semen and brass pieces the faeces.
53Manahsila is scattered over the body, gingelly cakes on the joints, palm leaves on the ears and two Gunjas (berries) on the nipples.
54Lotus petals are placed on the nose and the umbilical region; brinjal on the testicles and red garlic on the penis.
55Ghi should be applied over the navel. Lac represents the loin cloth. Pearls are placed at the breast and saffron over the head.
56Compher, incense, Aguru, garlands are used to decorate the effigy. It is clothed with silken cloth. A gold piece is placed over the chest.
57Riddhi (success) and Vrddhi (prosperity) represent the arms, two chowrie pieces the eyes; red lead is applied to the corners of the eyes. Betel leaves are offered (to the mouth).
58Thus, the worship of the dead is performed with different medicinal herbs. Due rites are performed in fire and sacrificial vessels are kept around.
59The dead body is sanctified by the mantras Sanno Devi; Punantu Ma, Imam Me Varuna and by the water from the Salagrama stone.
60A good milk cow and a vessel full of gingelly seeds is gifted with Vishnu in view.
61Gingelly seeds, iron, gold, cotton, salt, cow-each of them is considered to be pious.
62Then, Vaitarani decorated with ornaments should be given accompanied by a Sraddha.
63Then rites for the release of the ghost should be performed with Vishnu in view.
64The Preta is mystically discharged. The corpse or the effigy is cremated while meditating upon Vishnu.
65(On the cremation of effigy) three days’ impurity is observed; Otherwise, impurity lasts for ten days while a rice -ball is offered on each of the ten days. All other rites are performed for a year. Thereby the dead man attains salvation.