Discussion between Krishna and Garuda on Sraddha ||45||
1O Foremost among birds, I shall now tell · you the mode of annual Sraddha. Either the Ksetraja or the Aurasa son should perform the annual Sraddha in the manner as he performs the Parvana Sraddha.
2-3The other sons should perform Ekoddista and not Parvana. If the father or the Kshetraja and Aurasa sons do not maintain fire, they should not perform Ekoddista but should do Parvana every year or they can perform Ekoddista also.
4-7If either or both, the son and the father, maintain sacrificial fire, the annual Sraddha should be of Parvana type and the Kshetraja or Aurasa son should perform it. But some say whether the dead man does or does not maintain the sacrificial fire, Ekoddista should be performed on the Kshaya day. If there is Kshaya either at the time of Amavasya or in the Preta-Paksha, the Sraddha should be of Parvana type and can be performed by any son, while Ekoddista should be done for persons without sons or for women.
8If at the lime of Parvana Sraddha the performer is defiled by impurity he should perform it on the expiry of impurity.
9If at the lime of Ekoddista there is any obstacle, the sraddha should be performed.
10The sraddha of a Sudra should be performed silently (i.e. without reciting mantras) by his -wives or sons. The same holds good in the case of Sraddha of an unmarried girl in a Brahmin family. So says Marra.
11If two or more die at the same time, the bathing shall be done simultaneously with due mantras but Sraddhas should be performed separately.
12The Sraddha of the eldest should be performed first and thereafter according to the age. This is the procedure in simultaneous deaths.
13He who does all this every year without fail will obtain the best of state having liberated all the manes.
14If the day of death is not known nor the starting day, only the month is known then Darsa should be the day for sraddha.
15If the month is not known but the day is known then that day may be in Margasirsha or in Magha.
16If both the day and the month of death are not known then the day and the month when he set out on journey should be taken into count for sraddha as stated by me before.
17Even if the day and the month of starting are not known then those should be the same when the news of his death is received.
18Even if the month and day are forgotten, when he is not on travel, these should be taken as before.
19-20When the householder has gone out of his country and someone dies at home, the period of impurity is over, the sraddha on and the householder returns to learn about the sad news, in such a state the householder is not affected by impurity.
21The sraddha that has been started by the sons should be finished by them, while the householder shall remain aloof.
22If a donor or a receiver does not know of impurity due to birth or death of a relative then no fault accrues.
23If either of these knows impurity accruing from death or birth of a relative, the fault is of the receiver only, not of the donor of the gift.
24Whosoever performs the death anniversary of the dead in the above way, liberates him even if the day of death remains unknown to him.
25In the daily sraddha the Brahmins shall be worshipped, according to one’s capacity, in that case, the offering is made first to the father, then to the mother and then to the maternal grandfather.
26-27Avahana, Svadhakara pinch, Agnikarana need not be performed. The perform.er shall observe celibacy during the period. He should worship the Visvedevas, offer the cooked food to the Brahmins along with the fee. He should pay homage to them as they take leave of him.
28With the Visvedevas in view, the Brahmins are fed sumptuously. This rite of feeding the Brahmins is caged Nitya sraddha or Dees, Sraddha.
29The sraddha for the mother is performed first. That for the father on the anniversary day. That for the grandfather on the father’s and mother’s side on the next day.
30If he is unable to perform the same on separate days he should perform all the Sraddhas on the same day. The rite of Vaisvadeva should also be performed similarly.
31In that case, the offering is made first to the father, then to the mother and then to the maternal grandfather.
32In the sraddha to the mother, if brahmins are not available, eight noble and chaste ladies whose husbands and sons are alive should be fed.
33When performing Istapurta, the procedure is the same, when calamities set in, to ward them off, he should perform a sraddha in the manner of daily Sraddha.
34The person performing Nitya, Daiva and Vriddha Sraddha as well as the Kamya and Naimittika rites in the manner as mentioned before achieves the desired result. Thus, I have told you all, O Garuda. What else do you want to know?