Establishment of Bhattaditya ||43||

1Sri Narada said: Then, O son of Pritha, once again I desired to bless the people and so wished to bring here the (directly) visible Lord Martanda (the Sun-god).
2Since the Sun-god is a raft unto all living beings (for crossing the Samsara), he is considered, O son of Kunti, the redeemer of all both here and hereafter.
3Those who remember the Sun-god devoutly those men who glorify him and those who perpetually worship him, are undoubtedly blessed and have their objectives achieved.
4Those who are engrossed in the devotion to the Sun-god, those whose minds always dwell on him, those who always remember the Sun, do not become miserable at all.
5The benefit of the due worship of the Sun is the acquisition of beautiful houses, women decorated with different kinds of ornaments, and wealth never seen hitherto (by the devotee).
6Rare is the devotion to the Sun-god; rare is his worship; charitable gifts for him (?) are few; therefore Homa unto him is also rare.
7If the two syllables Ra-vi together with obeisance etc. remain at the tip of the tongue (of a person) his life is fruitful.
8After thinking thus in my heart about the greatness of the Sun-god, O son of Pritha, I devoutly propitiated the Sun-god for full hundred years.
9-12I prayed to him by means of extremely pure Japas of Chandas (Vedic Texts); subsisted on air only (during that period). Thereupon the Lord Sun assumed a second form through his Yogic power. He (came down) from the sky. It was very difficult to look at him on account of his refulgence. Thus, he appeared directly (before me). With palms joined in reverence I bowed down to Lord Ravi. I propitiated the Lord through different kinds of Saman Mantras. The delighted Lord, the bestower of boons, said to me, Celestial Sage, I have been propitiated by you for a long time by means of your penance.”
13-16On being told thus, I spoke these words to the Lord of the world: “If your Lordship are pleased with me, if a boon has to be granted to me, it behoves you to stay here permanently, O Bhanu, along with the Kala (digit) of yours that functions in Kamarupa (modern Assam) and which had been formerly propitiated by king Rajavardhana and the people (his subjects).” Thereupon it was said by the delighted Lord, O descendant of Bharata, “So be it.” I then installed the Sun-god named Bhattaditya. Ravi himself directed this, because it (the idol of Sun-god) had been installed by me, a Bhatta (a learned Brahmana).
17After that, when Ravi made an entry (into that idol) I worshipped him with flowers. With feelings of devotion (as if) flooding all my limbs, I repeated this prayer consisting of one hundred and eight names (containing) the secret (essence) of all the Vedas:
(Prayer—108 names of the Sun-god)
18-30(1) Saptasapti (Having seven horses), (2) Acintyatma (One whose soul cannot be comprehended properly), (3) Mahakaruitikottama (Most excellent among the excessively merciful ones), (4) Sanjivana (Enlivener to all), (5) Jaya (Victorious), (6) Jiva (Life-principle), (7) Jivanatha (Lord of the living beings), (8) Jagatpati (Lord of the universe). (9) Kalasraya (Support of Time), (10) Kalakartri (Maker of Time), (11) Mahayogin (Great Yogin), (12) Mahamati (Extremely intelligent), (13) Bhutantakarana (One who causes the destruction of spirits), (14) Deva (Shining one), (15) Kamalananda-nandana (The delighter of lotuses), (16) Sahasrapat (Thousand-footed (rayed) one), (17) Varada (Bestower of boons), (18) Divyakundalamandita (Adorned with divine ear-rings), (19) Dharmapriya (One fond of virtue), (20) Arcitatma (One whose soul is worshipped), (21) Savita (Progenitor of the world), (22) Vayu-vahana (Having Pravaha wind as the vehicle for movement), (23) Aditya (Son of Aditi), (24) Akrodhana (Non-furious), (25) Surya (One who moves in the sky), (26) Rasmimali (Having a garland of rays), (27) Vibhavasu (Having light as wealth), (28) Dinakrit (Cause of the day by rising), (29) Dinahrit (One who takes away the day by setting), (30) Mauni (The silent one), (31) Silratha (Having a good chariot), (32) Rathinamvara (The most excellent among chariot-warriors), (33) Rajnipati (Lord of kings?), (34) Svarnaretas (Gold-semened), (35) Pusan (Sanctifier), (36) Tvastri (Architect of gods), (37) Divakara (The maker of day), (38) Akasatilaka (Sacred mark on the forehead of the firmament), (39) Dhata (Creator), (40) Samvibhagi (Divider of day and night), (41) Manohara (Enchanting the mind), (42) Prajna (Intelligent), (43) Prajapati (Lord of the subjects), (44) Dhanya (Blessed), (45) Vishnu (The pervader), (46) Srisa (Lord of glory), (47) Bhisagvara (Most excellent among physicians), (48) Alokakrit (Cause of brilliance), (49) Lokandtha (Lord of worlds), (50) Lokapalanamaskrta (One who is bowed to by the Guardians of the Quarters), (51) Viditasaya (One who has understood the ideas of others), (52) Sunaya (One whose policy is good), (53) Mahatma (Noble-souled), (54) Bhakta-vatsala (One fond of his devotees), (55) Kiriti (Fame), (56) Kirtikara (Cause of fame), (57) Nitya (Permanent), (58) Rocisnu (Splendidly brilliant) (59) Kalmasa-paha (Remover of sins), (60) Jitananda (One who has kept pleasure), under control (61) Mahavirya (One who has great vigour and potentiality), (62) Hamsa (Swan in the sky), (63) Samhdra-karaka (Cause of annihilation), (64) Krtakrtya (One who has fulfilled obligations), (65) Susahga (Having good association), (66) Bahujna (One who is conversant with many things), (67) Vacasampati (Lord of words), (68) Visvapujya (One worthy of being worshipped by all), (69) Mrityuhari (Remover of death), (70) Ghrint (Kind), (71) Dharmasya Karayam (Cause of virtue), (72) Pranatartihara (Remover of the agony of those who bow down to him), (73) Aroga (Immune from disease), (74) Ayusman (Long-lived), (75) Sukhada (Bestower of happiness), (76) Sukhi (Happy), (77) Mangala (Auspicious), (78) Pundarlkaksa (Lotus-eyed), (79) Vriati (Observer of holy rites), (80) Vrataphalaprada (Bestower of the fruit of holy rites), (81) Suci (Pure), (82) Purga (Complete), (83) Mokshamargadata (Bestower i.e. guide of the path of salvation), (84) Bhokta (Enjoyer), (85) Mahesvara (Great Lord), (86) Dhanvantari, (87) Priyabhashi (Eloquent in pleasing words), (88) Dhanurvedavit (One who is conversant with the science of archery), (89) Ekarati (Sole Lord), (90) Jagatpita (Father of the universe), (91) Dhumaketu (Having smoke as banner, i.e. Fire), (92) Vidhuta (One who is liberated), (93) Dhvantaha (Remover of darkness), (94) Guru (Preceptor), (95) Gopati (Lord of rays), (96) Kritatithya (One who extends hospitality), (97) Subhacara (One whose conduct is splendid), (98) Sucipriya (One fond of cleanliness), (99) Samapriya (One fond of Saman Verses), (100) Lokabandhu (Kinsman of the world), (101) Naikarupa (Having many forms), (102) Yugadikrt (Cause of the beginning of the Yugas), (103) Dharma-Setu (Protector of the limits of Dharma), (104) Lokasaksi (Witness unto the world), (105) Khetaka (One who wanders in the sky), (106) Arka (Deserving worship), (107) Sarvada (Bestower of everything), (108) Prabhu (Lord).
31Let lord Bhanu, thus eulogized by me with one hundred and eight names and a favourite of all the worlds, be pleased with all the worlds.
32Delighted by this eulogy Bhaskara said to me: “O Celestial Sage, desirous of doing what is pleasing to you, I shall always stay here with the Kala (Digit).
33He who worships Bhattaditya here will obtain the benefit of worshipping a thousand times that in Kamarupa.
34If a Brahmana gives anything in charity here, whether little or great in quantity, aiming at me, I will make it inexhaustible and accept it as produced by (my own) hands.
35-36On Sunday, seventh lunar day or the sixth lunar day, if a devotee will worship me with three hundred big lotus flowers of different varieties such as red, Kalhara, Satapatra or Mahapadma or the flowers of Kesara and Karaviraka, he will certainly obtain whatever he wishes.
37By visiting me with devotion, one shall have the destruction of ailments and poverty. By bowing down, one attains heaven and by listening continuously (to my prayer) one shall attain salvation.
38-41He who does not show devotion unto me shall meet with destruction certainly. Listen to the benefit if one repeats thrice or once a day the hundred and eight names uttered by you in front of me. He shall become famous, elegant, learned, excessively happy pleasing to look at and a centenarian devoid of all kinds of ailments. If anyone listens to this or reads it with mental and physical purity, the food acquired by him shall become inexhaustible even if it was very little. He shall be victorious always. He shall be able to remember (his previous) birth.
42Hence, this Mantra should be repeated by you. It is the greatest means of securing prosperity. Similarly make an excellent pit (pond) in front of me for the sake of holy bath.
43The pit shall be in the park in the place where the Kala of Kamarupa is installed.” After granting the boons thus, Bhanu vanished there itself.
44Thereafter, at the instance of Bhaskara, a pit was made by me by means of a piece of Darbha grass in the middle of the park, to the left of Siddhega.
45The pit is (the same as) that produced in Kamarupa, O descendant of Bharata. The trees too are the very same ones. This created a great surprise in my mind.
46-50On the seventh day in the bright half of the month of Magha, a man or a woman should take holy bath in the Kunda and visit Bhattaditya. His merit shall be limitless. He who worships the Ratha (chariot of the Sun-god) shall also have limitless merit. All those people who visit and witness Rathaydtra (holy procession of the idol in the chariot), whatever may be the path in which he celebrates it, are blessed. There is no doubt about it. Those people who celebrate or make all arrangements for the celebration of Rathayatra (Rathotsava) A\l be endowed with sons, food grains and wealth. They will be devoid of ailments. They will possess great refulgence. The benefit of taking the holy bath in the Kunda of Bhattaditya on the seventh day is the same as is glorified by learned men, as the benefit of taking it in all the Tirthas beginning with Ganga.
He who takes his holy bath in the Kunda and offers Arghya to the Sun-god, attains the benefit of the charitable gift of a hundred Kapila (tawny) cows.
51-52Arjuna said: O great sage, Vasudeva and all others say that without the Arghya offered to Bhaskara (the Sun-God) everything done in the forenoon is fruitless. O most excellent one among those conversant with the sacred injunctions, I wish to hear the procedure regarding it.
53Narada said: Listen to the procedure, destructive of all sins, that Brahma and other Devas follow in offering Arghya to the noble- souled Bhaskara.
54At the outset, early in the morning, when the Sun rises, a devotee should be pure in body and mind. He should make a circle with red sandal-paste over the circle made of cow-dung. Then he should take a copper vessel and fill it with red (paste) and other materials. Within it he should place gold, raw rice grains, Durva grass, curds and ghee. He shall then place (the vessel) (in the mystic circle).
55He should touch his body with this Mantra: ‘Om obeisance to Khakholka’ (The sky-meteor: The Sun). This Mantra should be repeated seven times and the devotee will remain steady. Thereby purity is obtained and the body becomes worthy of performing the worship. Thereafter he meditates on Lord Savitri as follow: “He is seated on his seat in the middle of the Malala (Mystic Circle). He has twelve forms. He is being worshipped by Suras etc.” After meditation, he places the aforesaid Arghya vessel on his head and kneels on the ground facing the Sun. With mind concentrated on him (the Sun-god), he should repeat the Arghya Mantra. It is reported as having come out of the mouth of the Sun.
56On hearing the sound of the utterance of that (Mantra), Bhaskara stops his chariot, accepts the Arghya and grants the boon desired.
57-62“Om, I am invoking that maker of the worlds, the dispeller of darkness, in whose chariot, they say, the seven Chandases (Metres) are yoked as horses and whose charioteer is Arupa who is seated in front, driving the chariot. He is surrounded by all these: Jaya, Vijaya, Jayanti, Papanasini, Ida, Pingala, the horses and others who carry, Dindi Sesha serpent, Ganesa, Skanda, Revanta, Tarkgya, so also Kalmaga and Pakgin (bird), Rajhi (Empress) Nikgubha, goddess Lalita, Samjnika, Devas who partake of the Yajnas and others who have been glorified. He is surrounded by those who stay above and below. Lord Bhanu is of the nature of water and makes this Yajna function. Accept this Arghya and Padya. Obeisance, Obeisance.”
63O thousand-rayed one, O bestower of boons in the form of life, obeisance to you—thus the Sannidhyakarayam (causing the nearness or presence). He utters ‘Om Vasat’ and looks at the pair of the feet of the Sun and pours out (the contents of) the vessel on the ground at his feet. This is called Padya. After offering the Padya thus, he should keep the palms joined together in reverence and utter Susvagata (grand welcome) thus: “Welcome, O Lord, Come. Grant me your favour and be seated. Here accept the adoration and mentally grant me your favour. Be (please seated) here as long as I perform the worship.”
64Thus he shall offer Vijnapana (submission) and the lotus seat by means of this Mantra. “That is the lotus-seat, O delighter of lotuses, be seated.” After he has been seated, the devotee should perform the remaining worship according to the following procedure: “Om, obeisance to Somamurti, the lord of the milky sea”— thus the bathing with milk etc. “Om, obeisance to Bhaskara residing in water”—thus bathing with water. Thereafter he should offer a pair of white cloths with this Mantra: “O Sun, accept this pair of cloths. Have mercy on me. One of them shall be an ornament unto your waist and the other shall be a covering for your limbs (upper part).”
65Then he shall offer Yajnopavita (sacred thread) with this Mantra: “Accept this pure, excellent and holy Yajnopavita of spun thread, O Lord of Devas. Obeisance to you.”
66Thereafter, he should, in accordance with his ability, offer ornaments such as white crown, ring etc. with this Mantra: “This crown is studded with jewels. Accept this ornament offered by me with devotion. Accept this ring and ornaments.”
67After offering ornaments thus, he should offer unguent with red dye, saffron, camphor and red sandal paste in mixture:
68“O Lord of hot rays, this is the juice of the trees loved much by you. That is proper and meet unto you, O Lord, accept it with mercifulness towards me.”
69Thereafter, he should perform the worship with (the flowers) Campaka, Japa (China rose), Karavira (oleander), Karnaka, Kesara (Mesua ferrea), Kokanada (red water Lily) etc.
70“Om, this juice of Vanaspati (vegetation) is divine and endowed with fragrance. It is excellent scent. It is the food (dhara) of all the Devas. Let this incense be accepted.”
71This is the Mantra for Sallaki incense; Thereafter he should offer Naivedya (food offering) made of milk-pudding etc. by means of this Mantra: “Accept this Naivedya offered by me in a full vessel. It is nectar. It increases the vital force of all living beings. Be pleased with me.”
72Thereafter, he should offer water for cleaning, betel leaves, lights, Aratrika (waving of lights ceremoniously), Sttalika (cooling devices) and worship once again. Then he should eulogize according to his ability. He should then utter, “Forgive our act, ill-done or well-done.” He should then bid the ceremonious farewell. Then, he should bow down again and offer gold, garments, sacred thread and ornaments to a Brahmana, gather the remnants of the worship and cast them into water. This is the procedure of offering Arghya.
73He who offers Arghya to Bhaskara thus, to his idol or in the mystic circle everyday in the morning shall become a self-like favourite of Ravi.
74O son of Pritha, Karna gives Arghya to Bhaskara in accordance with this procedure. Therefore, he is considered to be a sincere lover (devotee) of Surya.
75-76If he is unable he should give only one Arghya everyday to the Sun. Then on the Rathasaptami day, it should be scrupulously performed in the Kunda. He shall obtain the benefit of a horse-sacrifice and attain the world of the Sun. Therefore, O descendant of Bharata, Arghya should be offered with all effort.
77-78Thus, the Lord Bhattaditya of such power dwells here. Hence, he is great and dispeller of many sins. He increases piety. Here there is that Divya (divine ordeal) of eight types offering proofs immediately. It is just like the swallowing of Halahala poison by the sinners, O son of Pritha.