The Liturgy of Ganeshvara ||61||
1Suta said: Thereafter, Ghatotkaca left Kamakatankata there. Followed by his son, the intelligent one went to Dvaraka through the sky.
2On seeing that Rakshasa coming with another Rakshasa as his follower, the soldiers residing in Dvaraka raised a great hue and cry.
3In every village nine hundred thousand chariots were kept ready and they said, “Two Rakshasas have come. Let them be forced to come down by means of (our) arrows.”
4On seeing those warriors of the Yadu clan armed with weapons, Ghatotkaca lifted up his huge arm and proclaimed in a loud voice:
5-6“Know me, O heroes, to be the Rakshasa son of Bhima. I am Ghatotkaca, highly beloved of Vasudeva. I have come here for the sake of paying obeisance to him. Report to the Lord of the Yadavas that I have come here along with my son.” On hearing these words, they intimated the same to Krishna.
7The Lord who was in the assembly said, “Let him come here quickly.” Thereupon, they brought Ghatotkaca into the city of Dvaraka.
8Along with his son, he saw (on the way) beautiful forests and parks, mountains for sports and mansions. Then he entered the assembly hall.
9There he saluted Ugrasena, Vasudeva, Satyaki (some Yadavas), chief of whom were Akrura and Rama. Then he saluted Krishna.
10As he fell down at his feet along with his son, Krishna embraced him. After granting him his blessings he made him sit near him. Then he asked:
11“O son, a tiger among Rakshasas, the perpetuator of the line of the Kurus, I hope, all is well. Wherefore is your current visit?”
12Ghatotkaca replied: O Lord, by your favour I am happy in every respect. Let the reason be heard as to why I have come here.
13This is my son born of the wife suggested by Your Lord-ship. He will put a question to you. Let it be heard. It is for that that I have come.
14Sri Krishna said: Dear boy, O grandson of Muru. You do speak anything. Ask me whatever you wish. Just as Ghatotkaca is very dear to me, so are you also.
15Barbarika said: After bowing to you, the primordial Lord, mentally, intellectually and by means of concentrated meditation, I put this question: “O Madhava, what is that whereby the creature who is born, attains welfare?
16-17Some say that virtue is conducive to welfare. Others say that it is good fortune, masterliness, sacrificing food, suppression of the sense-organs, penance, materials (of worship), enjoyment of pleasures and liberation. Thus, there are hundreds of things causing welfare, O Purusottama. Tell me decisively what will be conducive to the welfare of myself and my family.”
18-20Sri Krishna said: O dear boy, different excellent causes of welfare are prescribed for different castes. To the Brahmanas, penance is the root of all causes. Control of sense organs, study of the Vedas, expounding virtue (Dharmas)— these are mentioned by learned men as conducive to (their) welfare. In the case of Kshatriyas, it is power and force that is glorified as worthy of being achieved. Chastisement of the wicked ones and protection of the good people (—these are also conducive to the welfare of Kshatriyas). In the case of Vaisyas, it is breeding of cattle, agriculture and perfect knowledge of arts and crafts.
21-22In the case of a Sudra, it is service rendered to the twice-born castes. Living like this, he may be on a par with a Vaisya. Or he shall subsist on different kinds of arts and crafts, thereby rendering service to the twice-born castes. He should be devoted to his wife (alone); he should nourish his servants. He should be pure and faithful. He should perform prostrations and repeat Mantras. He should never cease to perform the five Yajnas.
23-25You are born in the family of Kshatriyas. Listen to what you must do. At the outset acquire power of unparalleled nature. Thereby chastise the wicked ones. Protect the good. Thus you will attain heaven. Power is obtained, dear son, by the great favour of goddesses. Therefore, perform the rites of propitiation of goddesses for obtaining power.
26Barbarika said: Which goddess should I propitiate and in which shrine? In which holy spot? Tell me after making your mind favourably disposed to me.
27-31Suta said: On being asked thus, Lord Damodara meditated for a short while and said: “Dear boy, I shall tell you the holy spot where you will per-form the penance. At Mahi-sagara-sangama, there is the holy spot well-known as Guptaksetra. All the different goddesses in the three worlds have been brought there and unified by Narada of exceedingly noble soul. The four goddesses of the quarters there and the nine Durgas are to be propitiated by you. Their unity is difficult to get. Worship them everyday, dear son, with flowers, incense and unguents, eulogies and material offerings, till they are satisfied with you. When the goddesses are propitiated, nothing is inaccessible: power, wealth, fame, sons, beautiful wife, heaven, liberation and excellent happiness (—everything is attained). It is the truth that has been spoken to you.”
32-35Suta said: After saying thus to Barbarika, Krishna said to Ghatotkaca: “O noble Ghatotkaca, your son is certainly a noble-hearted one. Hence a second name ‘Suhydaya’ is given to him by me.” After saying this the Lord embraced him and propitiated him with different kinds of wealth. Then, the Lord directed Barbarika to go to Guptakshetra. He bowed down to Krishna, the Yadavas and his father. He took the permission of all of them and went to Guptaksetra. With the permission (of Krishna) to go, Ghatotkaca went to his forest.
36-38aRemembering the virtues of his son, he protected his own kingdom along with his wife. The intelligent Suhrdaya built his hermitage in Dagdhasthali. He worshipped the goddesses three times a day with holy rites and meditations. As he continuously propitiated with flowers, incense and offerings of various kinds, the goddesses became delighted in the course of three years.
38b-40They appeared before him and granted that noble- souled one that rare power which no one in the three worlds had. They said: “O highly refulgent one, you stay here itself for some time. By the association of Vijaya, you will attain more of welfare?’ On being told by all the goddesses, he remained there itself.
41 -43Then there came a Brahmana hailing from Magadha. His name was Vijaya. That excellent Brahmana traversed the entire earth on foot. At Kasi he attained Vidydbala (the power of learning) and came here for the purpose of practice. He worshipped the seven Lingas, the chief of which was Guhesvara. In order to achieve the fruit of learning, he propitiated the goddesses for a long time. Thereupon, the goddesses were delighted with him and spoke these words to him in a dream:
44“O good Sir, practise your learning in the courtyard, in front of Siddha-mother. This devotee Suhrdaya will assist you?”
45On hearing those words in the course of the dream, Vijaya got up and went near the goddess. He then sought the grandson of Bhima.
46-51On hearing the words of the goddess he consented to help him. On the fourteenth day in the dark half Vijaya observed fast. After taking his bath and remaining pure, he worshipped the Lingas and the goddesses severally. After taking his holy bath and observing fast, Barbarika remained at his side. Then on the night of the first day, he went in front of Siddhambika. He made the mystic sacrificial diagram in the shape of vagina and nine hands. In the eight quarters he fixed eight pegs along with the Sutra(?) (thread). Wearing deer-hide in the company of Barbarika, he tied up the tuft of (his) hair. After performing the rite of Digbandha with protective mantras, he started the main rite in the middle of the mystic diagram, in the excellent sacrificial pit with the three Mekhalds (borders). After offering the sword made of Khadira (Catechu) whetted by means of the Mantras and fixing pegs all round he said to Barbarika:
52“Remain here pure and clean without sleeping. Repeat the hymn of the goddess so that there is no obstacle, while I perform the holy rites.”
53-54Having said this, while Barbarika of great strength stood by, Vijaya of great self-control, performed the rites (known as) Sosana (drying up), Daha (burning) and Plavana (flooding). Then he seated himself comfortably. He repeated one hundred and eight times the Mantra: “Gum, Obeisance unto the preceptors.” After bowing down to the preceptors, he began the holy rite of Gapesvaras.
55-56I shall now tell the greatest Mantra of Ganapati. It is short but full of deep meaning. It accomplishes every task and bestows all Siddhis (supernatural powers).
57This great Mantra consists of seven syllables, viz. Om, Gam, Gim, Gum, Gaim, Gaum, Gahi. Om the sage (seer) of the Mantra of Ganapati is Gapaka by name; the deity is Vighnesvara; the seed is Gam, Om is its (spiritual) power; its utility and application is for the purpose of worship, Japa, sacred mark on the forehead, anything desired in the mind or for Homa . The aspirant is to apply the sacred mark on the forehead at the outset. ‘Om Gam, Obeisance to Gapapati’— this (is) the Mantra for (at the time of applying) the sacred mark. On the sacred mark new unbroken rice grains are to be applied with the Mantra ‘Om Gam, Obeisance to Ganapati’. Thus (is) the Mantra for sacred mark on the forehead. With this Mantra he shall offer three handfuls of flowers to Gapesa. With the original (Mula or Maha) Mantra he should offer here sandal paste, scents, flowers, incense, light, food offerings, areca nut, betel leaf etc. Thereafter he should repeat the Mula Mantra by way of Japa. According to his capacity he can repeat one hundred and eight times, thousand times, hundred thousand times or a crore times. For the sake of Homa, one-tenth of the times, he should invoke the fire saying “O Gapesa fire, I invoke you”. “Om Svaha unto Gapapati”. With this Mantra he should perform the rite of Homa by means of pills of aromatic resin gum. This is the application. This is the great liturgy of Gapesvara. If anyone practises this excellent Mantra at the time of obstacles, all obstacles perish and what is desired in the mind is achieved.
58-60Dakinis, demons, terrible ghosts and enemies perish. Others can be won over and controlled. Knowing this liturgy of Gapesvara, Vijaya applied the sacred mark duly and repeated the Mantra one hundred and eight times. He performed Homas one-tenth times with the pills and worshipped Siddhivinayaka. Then at night he worshipped Siddheya kshetrapala.