Installation of Goddesses at Bahudaka Tirtha ||47||
1Narada said: O Jaya (Arjuna), listen how Devis have been installed by me after (due) propitiation, for the defence of this holy spot.
2Just as the Atman, Supreme Lord, pervades all living beings, so also the eternal Prakrti, Supreme Goddess, permeates (everything).
3-5One attains vigour and all excellences by the grace of the goddess Sakti. O son of Pritha, she is stationed in all living beings as Buddhi (intellect), Hri (modesty), Pushti (nourishment), Lajja (shyness), Tusti (satisfaction), Santi (peace), Kshama (forgiveness), Sprha (desire), Sraddha (faith) and Cetana (consciousness). Sakti originates from Utsaha (zeal), Mantra (counsel) and Prabhu (the Lord). This alone is always the cause of bondage and salvation. Indra and others attained magnificence and prosperity by propitiating her.
6-8The base and the lowly who do not honour Sakti and who slight her, meet with downfall even if they be leading Yogins. It is clear. They fall like those (Yogins) belonging to Kasi. Formerly there were some leading masters of Yoga (Siddha-yogins) at Varanasi. By slighting and insulting Sakti they met with a steep downfall. Hence Sakti should always be worshipped by an embodied soul. On being delighted, she grants all desires. On being angry, she annihilates in a moment.
9That Supreme Prakriti exists in many different forms. Among them some great goddesses have been installed here. Listen to them.
10-11Four great Saktis arc established in the four quarters (of this Tirtha). Siddhambika was installed by Guha in the East. It is proclaimed that she was created from the primordial Prakrti at the beginning (of the creation) of the universe. Since she was propitiated by Siddhas, she is (known as) Siddhambika.
12-15Tara was installed by me in the South, for the sake of the redemption of the Devas, as she has resorted to Kurma (Vishnu, the Tortoise). Permeated by her, Kurma, the sire of the universe, lifted up the Vedas. With his body possessed by her, Budha will kill the Bauddhas (Buddhists) in crores, the sinners who destroyed the Vedic path. She is the daughter of the Mountain. She has been brought by me after due propitiation. She is surrounded by crores of very fierce goddesses. With due deference to me, she has resorted to the southern quarter and stationed herself.
16-18In the West is installed the splendid goddess Bhaskara permeated by whom the discs of all the stars, the chief of whom is Bhaskara (the Sun), shine. They come and go quickly. This refulgent £akti is of great power, O scion of the family of Kuru. She has been brought by me from Kataha after due propitiation and stationed here. She is always surrounded by crores and crores (of goddesses). She protects the western quarter.
19-21In the northern quarter is installed the goddess Yoganandini. She has come out from the body of the greatest Prakriti formerly. The four Sanas (Sanaka, Sanandana etc.) attained (perfection in) Yoga on being viewed through the pure vision of that Sakti (i.e. by the grace of that goddess). That goddess Yogisvari was well propitiated by Sanaka and others. She has been brought here after due propitiation from the Andakataha (semi-spheroidal pan of the Cosmic Egg). She is surrounded by Yoginis and is established in the northern quarter.
22Thus these four great Saktis are stationed perpetually. On being worshipped, they always bestow desired things; if angry they are capable of destruction.
23-26Thereafter, nine Durgas have been brought by me. Listen to them. The greatest goddess is Tripura by name. It was on being possessed by her that Siva, the Lord of the universe, reduced the Tripuras (‘three cities’) to ash. Thereafter Lord Hara proclaimed her (by the designation) Tripura. He himself eulogized her. Hence she is worthy of being worshipped by all the worlds. After due propitiation, she was brought by me from the Amaresvara mountain. She is the bestower of desired things unto her devotees. She is near Bhattaditya.
27-33Another great Sakti is the eternal Kolamba. Kesava in the form of a Boar (‘Kola’) was entered into by her and he lifted up the Earth. Hence she was called Kolamba by Vishnu and then eulogized and adored. O son of Pritha, that goddess was pleased by me by the Yoga of devotion- She who was on the mountain Varaha Giri was brought by me. She said to me: “There must be a Kupa (‘well’) presided over by Rudrani in the place where I stay, due to the kindness towards the suppliants. Without that well, I do not find any pleasure anywhere. Hence, O Brahmana, dig an excellent well yourself here.” On being told thus by the goddess, I dug the well by means of the root of a Darbha grass. Rudrani herself shone therein. Thereafter, I took my holy bath there, repeated the Mantras and propitiated the Devas. Thereafter, goddess Kolamba, goddess of the universe, was adored. The delighted goddess thereupon spoke to me when I bowed down:
34-36“I will always stay here. I have been delighted by you. I will destroy the evil of those men who take their holy bath in the well here, particularly on the eighth day in the month of Magha, and worship me. Near Meru there is a well of Rudrani. It consists of all holy Tirthas. It is stationed in a park where (flowers and vegetation) of all the seasons are (ever) present. This is that well itself.
37O Narada, the holy bath in this well is superior to that in Prayaga, Ganga and Gaya in particular. It has been proclaimed so by me.
38-39Therefore, at your instance, O ascetic, I have settled here accompanied by Guha. With (perpetual) alertness, I will protect this sacred lake. If the people worship me after worshipping Kumaresa along with sixty crores of the goddesses etc. I will be the bestower of desired objects on them.”
40Narada said. On being told thus then by the delighted goddess, O son of Pritha, I became rejoiced and replied thus to Kolamba, the mother of the universe:
41“Here, O goddess, you are the mother and cause of this well-protected holy spot. They who do not worship you, will have their pilgrimage rendered futile.
42This holy sacred lake will become well-known by your name. You will be the goddess of this lake; you will be the goddess of this Tirtha also.”
43Thus, after performing a penance of long duration, this splendid great Durga has been installed by me. Hence she is worthy of being always worshipped by wise and learned men.
44-46In the same direction (i.e. east), a third (Durga) has also been installed by me. The power of this Kapalesi has been formerly recounted by Guha. Blessed are those excellent men who visit her always. After worshipping Kapalesvara, it is this Visvasakti who (should be worshipped). Thus these three Durgas are installed and stationed in the eastern quarter. I shall mention the highly excellent three Durgas in the west.
47The goddess who protects the whole of the Cosmic Egg, the goddess Suvarpaksi has been propitiated and installed in this Tirtha.
48If people bow down and worship this goddess with devotion, it is the same as though she has been worshipped along with thirty-three crores of goddesses.
49Another great Durga stationed there (named) Carcita had been brought here with great devotion from the bottom of Rasatala by me.
50This goddess is worshipped and meditated upon by many Devas and Daityas who wish to gain valour. She granted them heroism.
51This great Durga herself, later in Kali Yuga, will liberate valorously Sudraka, the excellent hero who will be bound by thieves.
52Thereafter, by propitiating her he will attain the leadership of heroes. He will attack the enemies, the chief of whom will be Kalasena, and kill them.
53Hence she has to be propitiated always by men who desire to perform heroic deeds. Carcita who is a great Durga is stationed in the western quarter.
54Similarly the third (Durga) (named) Trailokyavijaya is also stationed in this quarter. It was by propitiating her that Rohinipati (the Moon-god) attained victory in all the three worlds. She has been brought by me from the world of the Moon. On being worshipped she always bestows victory.
55Thus these are (stationed) in the western quarter. Listen (to the goddesses) in the northern quarter. In the northern quarter are stationed three goddesses, the chief among whom is Ekavira.
56The goddess named Ekavira is directly worshipped by Siva. Being permeated by her, this Bhutarat (‘King of goblins’, i.e. Siva) destroys the entire universe.
57By means of the prowess of Ekavira he reduced the worlds to ash. When eleven Yugas become complete, he becomes distinguished by the ash (of the universe).
58Ekavira is of this nature. She is the eternal Sakti. On being worshipped and propitiated she bestows everything desired by men.
59She has been brought by me, O descendant of Bharata, from the world of Brahma to this place after due propitiation. They know that even the very utterance of her name is destructive of wicked people.
60The second goddess Durga of great strength is Hara-siddhi by name. O son of Pandu, she was brought here by me from Sikottara after due propitiation.
61-65While staying at Sikottara, when Rudra was being solicited by Parvati, the Dakini Mantra was told (communicated) to the goddess by merciful Siva. The chaste daughter of the Mountain became deluded as a result of the power of the Mantra. She attacked Bhava (Siva), ate his flesh and drank his blood- Thereupon, Harasiddhi, the great Durga, the dispeller of anguish, came out from the body of Rudra. She was a great expert in Mantras. That goddess with a thousand arms attacked and assailed (Girisa). She liberated Girisa and scolded and reviled her (?Girisa). Thenceforth, she is glorified in the world as Harasiddhi. Surrounded by sixty crores of goddesses she is worshipped by Suras.
66By propitiating this goddess who destroys all defects, Sugriva and others became exceedingly powerful and capable of annihilating groups of Dakinis.
67Hence one shall worship her mentally, verbally and physically. Dakini and others will not approach (attack) (them).
68-70After Harasiddhi Candika, the ninth Durga , the third one (in the northern quarter) is stationed in the northeast corner. Even the Lord of Speech cannot adequately describe her. It was she who formerly came out of the body of Parvati, killed Canda and Munda, the great Asuras, and ate them furiously. There were a hundred Akshauhinis (of Asuras) and the Asuras Canda and Munda, still a mouthful of the goddess was not complete. Imagine how terribly powerful she can be.
71It was she herself who became thirsty and drank the blood of (the followers of) Andhaka. Thereafter, Lord Bhava killed Andhaka.
72-73She drank the blood of the demons Raktabijas. After Camunda had drunk the blood of thousand millions and crores of Daityas of sinful activities, she placed Raktaja at the disposal of the goddess. O descendant of Bharata, she becomes contented by the salutations of devotees.
74A holy Kunda of this goddess was got ready by me. It is splendid and auspicious. One will attain the benefit of all the Tirthas merely by touching this.
75Different kinds of Siddhis such as Harasiddhi, Devasiddhi and Dharmasiddhi, are obtained in this Tirtha by persons engaged (in the worship of Candika).
76If a person worships the goddess, whether with a little quantity of materials or with a large quantity, Katyayani surrounded by hundred of crores (of followers) bestows prosperity on him.
77Thus these nine great Durgas are stationed in this Tirtha here. The four Digdevis (Goddesses of the Quarters) should always be worshipped by persons desirous of auspiciousness.
78-80During the Navaratra (festival of nine days) of the month of Alvina in particular, a devotee shall observe fast or take food once a day and worship these goddesses by means of oblations, offerings of sweet cakes etc., libations, incenses and scents. These (goddesses) protect him in the streets and the cross-roads where three or four roads meet together. Ghosts, spirits, vampires etc. will not afflict him. Adversities and calamities flee from him and the Yoginis please him.
81One who seeks sons will get sons; one who seeks wealth will get wealth; one who is distressed due to sickness will be rid of it; and one who is in bondage will be liberated therefrom.
82-83Whether a man or a woman, whoever acts devoutly and faithfully, shall attain all desired objects, whatever he or she thinks in his or her mind. These goddesses are wish-yielding cows; they arc on a par with the philosopher’s stone; they are like wish-yielding Kalpa creepers unto devotees. There is no substitute1 for them.
84Similarly there is Bhutamata (‘Mother of ghosts’) to the south of Harasiddhi. Her greatness is unparalleled. I shall recount it to you succinctly.
85Formerly, it is said that, the learned Guha was crowned as the overlord of goblins, ghosts and vampires on the banks of the river Sarasvati.
86Lord Guha mercifully assigned the diet as follows unto them and kept all those ghosts within bounds (of decency):
87“Whatever is offered unto the fire without Mantras, whatever is performed without Vedic sanction, whatever is done with anger without faith shall be for your consumption.”
88-89Thereupon all those beings became delighted by consuming these. But after a lapse of some time, those ghosts and other beings began to attack Devas and swallow everything holy or unholy, offered faithfully or otherwise (indiscriminately)- Thereupon those Devas, distressed with hunger, reported this to Guha.
90-91On hearing it, Guha became furious like Kala (i.e. god of death). As he became angry, a certain twelve-eyed female, too dazzling to be seen properly like a blazing cluster of fires, came out from the middle of his eyebrows. She bowed down to him and said, “O Lord, I am your Sakti. Quickly direct me on to a task of yours. What desire of yours should I carry out?”
92-93aSkanda said: Transgressing my behest, everything offered by human beings is being consumed by these base, sinful groups of ghosts, as they please. Hence bring them round quickly within the bounds (of decency). O splendid one, hundred crores of these goddesses will follow you.
93b-95Saying “So be it,” the Sakti of Guha rode on a peacock and came to Sarojavana (Lotus-park) surrounded by the Devis. There she saw the groups of ghosts.
96-98After approaching them, the goddess struck them with different kinds of weapons. On being struck and hit in the course of the great battle, the spirits, the vampires and others began to propitiate that goddess in a piteous manner, in different guises. Some of them began to dance in the guise of Brahmanas uttering the words of ascetics. They repeatedly said “O goddess, O lotus-eyed one, be pleased.” Then the delighted goddess spoke to them, “Let anything be chosen as you please.”
99-100They said to her, “Save us, O goddess, be the mother of the Bhutas (ghosts). We will never transgress the bounds laid down by Skanda. Alway grant boon to those who propitiate you thus.”
101Sridevi said: If people propitiate me thus on the New-Moon day in the month of Vaisakha by means of ornaments of good luck, flowers, rice mixed with curd and adorations (articles of worship) all their adversities will completely vanish.
102-104After granting this boon, the goddess surrounded by the ghosts began to rejoice. It was the goddess of such power that was brought here by me, O descendant of Bharata. One who bows down to her becomes liberated from all adversities. The goddesses of such prowess here in this excellent holy spot, have been succinctly glorified by me. O Arjuna, they are fourteen in number and they are worshipped by leading men in fourteen excellent places.