Daksha’s insolence ||1||
Obeisance to Sri Ganesha. Om. obeisance to Lord Vasudeva. Om. After bowing down to Narayana as well as to (Sage) Nara , the most excellent one among men, and to goddess Sarasvati (the goddess of learning), one should narrate the Jaya.
1Vyasa said: Obeisance to that Lord, the wielder of Pinaka bow, at whose bidding Virinci (Brahma) creates the universe, Hari (Vishnu) protects it and the god named Kalarudra annihilates it.
2There, in the Naimisha forest which is the holiest among all holy places and sacred-most among all the sacred spots (in the world), ascetics with Saunaka as their leader-ascetics who were (usual) performers of sacrifices and whose minds were (always) inclined towards holy rites, started a sacrifice of a long duration.
3The excessively (highly) intelligent disciple of Vyasa, an ascetic of great austerities, named Lomasa , came there with an ardent desire to see them.
4As soon as they saw him coming, all the sages engaged in that sacrifice of long duration, stood up simultaneously with great eagerness to receive him, with materials of worship in their hands.
5After offering him water for washing his feet and presenting him respectfully materials of worship the sinless sages received him with due hospitality. The sages of exalted nobility then asked him to explain in detail Sivadharma (pious activities pertaining to Siva).
6The sages said: Recount, O sage of extraordinary intellect, the greatness of the Trident-bearing Lord of Devas. O exalted one, describe everything along with the modes of meditation and worship.
7-11What is the benefit in sweeping (the temple premises)? What is the benefit in making (mystic diagrams) of various colours, in making gifts of mirror, cowries etc. (or in offering these to Siva), in constructing canopies as well as fountains? What will be the benefit in offering lamps? What will be the fruit of the worship? What are the meritorious results in worshipping Siva? Men read and recite the Itihasas and Puranas in front of the idol of Siva. They study (recite) the Vedas in front of him, and make others do the same. What benefit do those men derive? Let it be mentioned in detail. There is no one else in the world, O sage, more devoted to the narratives about Siva.
12On hearing these words of those sages of sanctified souls, the disciple of Vyasa recounted (to them) the excellent greatness of Siva.
13Lomasa said: In all the eighteen Puranas, Siva is sung about as the greatest (lord). Hence no one is competent to recount the greatness of Siva (adequately).
14Heaven and liberation (from Samsara) will be attained by those people who repeatedly utter the two syllabled name Si-va . Not otherwise.
15Munificent indeed is Mahadeva (the great god), the lord of Devas, the Supreme Ruler. Since everything has been given by him, he is named Sarva.
16-18Blessed are they, noble-souled are they, who always worship Siva (or the ever-auspicious god). A person who wishes to cross (the ocean) of worldly existence without Sadasiva, is indeed foolish and confounded. There is no doubt that he, the hater of Siva, is a great sinner. It was by him that (Halahala) poison was swallowed, Daksha’s sacrifice was destroyed, Kala (god of Death) was burnt down and the king was released.
19The sages requested: We are very cage. Recount unto us how the poison was swallowed and how Daksha’s Yajna (sacrifice) was destroyed.
20Suta narrated: Formerly at the instance of Brahma Parmeshthin, Dakshayani (Daksha’s daughter) was given (in marriage) to noble-souled Sankara by Daksha, O brahmanas.
21-22Once, by chance, Daksha came to the Naimisha forest. On arrival, he was duly honoured by the sages as well as by all Suras and Asuras by means of eulogies and obeisances. Mahadeva who was present there, did not stand up nor did he offer any reverential salutation to him. Therefore, Daksha became furious and he spoke these words:
23“Everywhere all the Suras and Asuras as well as excellent brahmanas repeatedly bow down to me with great eagerness. How is it, then, that, like a vicious fellow, this noble-souled one does not pay obeisance to me now. Accompanied by vampires, goblins and others, he is a shameless permanent resident of the cremation ground.
24Heretics, wicked people and habitual sinners become haughty and arrogant on seeing a brahmana. Indeed, people like these deserve killing or excommunication by good people. Hence I am intent on cursing him.”
25-27After saying thus that (Daksha) of great austerities, became angry and spoke to Rudra these words: “May these excellent brahmanas listen to these words of mine. It behoves you all to carry out my words. This Rudra is considered by me as banned out of all Yajnas because he has gone beyond the Varnas (castes) and has transgressed the discipline of the Varnas.” Nandin, son of Silada, became furious on hearing those words. He promptly said to Daksha who had great refulgence but who uttered that curse:
28-30Nandin said: Why is my lord Mahesa excluded from Yajnas? Merely by remembering him all these Yajnas become fruitful. Sacrifice, charitable gift, penance, different kinds of holy spots of pilgrimage, all these became sanctified by his name. Why has he been cursed now? He has been cursed by you foolishly and improperly due to your brahmanical rashness, O evil-minded Daksha. It is by the noble-souled Sarva that this universe is protected. How is it that Rudra has been cursed, O sinful base brahamana?
31On being rebuked thus by Nandin, Daksha, the Prajapati, became furious and he cursed Nandin:
32-33“All of you devoted to Rudra have been completely excluded from the Vedas. You are indeed cursed by the followers of the Vedic path and excommunicated by the great sages. You all cling to heretical doctrines. You are out of the pale of refined breeding and good conduct. AH these Kapalins (followers of the skull-cult) are black-faced and addicted to drinking liquor .”
34Thus the servants of Siva were then cursed by Daksha. Then the infuriated Nandin began to imprecate Daksha:
35“O brahmana. although we, the servants of Siva, are good and pious, we have been cursed by you improperly (and unnecessarily) out of your brahmanical rashness. Now I shall curse you.
36-39Arguing that there is nothing else you all adhere to Vedic doctrines. (But) you are lustful, desirous of heaven, greedy and deluded. Keeping a follower of the Vedas in front, brahmana, as will perform sacrifices on behalf of Sudras. They still always be impoverished and greedy of monetary gifts. O Daksha, some brahmanas will become brahmarakshasas (brahminical demons).”
Lomasa said: Those brahmanas were (thus) cursed by Nandin who had become excessively angry. On hearing the words of Nandin, “Sadasiva smilingly spoke these sweet enlightening words:
40Mahadeva said: “It does not behove you to be angry always towards brahmanas. These brahmanas, devoted to Vedic doctrines, are always our elders and preceptors.
41The Vedas are full of mantras and of suktas (hymns). The atman of every embodied being is established in the hymn.
42-43Hence those who have realized the atman should not be censured. I am the atman myself, no one else. Who is this? Who are you? Where am I? Why are the brahmanas cursed? Avoid the concept of diversity, O highly intelligent one, and become enlightened. Manage (everything) through the knowledge of reality. Be established in your own self and avoid anger etc.
44On being advised and instructed thus by Sambhu, the Supreme Being, Nandin (Silada’s son) of great austerities, became aware of true knowledge and discernment. Closely associating himself with Siva, he became immersed in (the ocean of) great bliss.
45Overwhelmed by anger, Daksha went to his abode accompanied by the sages. He entered his abode still indignant.
46Abandoning his great faith in those who worship Siva and engaged in censuring them, he became the basest of men. Reaching that place along with all the great sages, he continued to censure lord Siva. He never became calm.