Procedure of Ganesa worship: manifestation of Lakshmi ||11||
1Mahesvara said: In every fortnight Ganesa should be worshipped on the fourth day. (But) in the bright half of the month a devotee, after taking bath, should worship always with white sesamum seeds .
2After finishing all necessary daily routine religious duties, the devotee should perform the worship of Ganesha with great care, by means of scents, garlands, akshatas (raw unbroken rice grains) etc.
3At the outset, meditation on Ganesha should be perf orrned in accordancewith scriptural injunctions.
4As the worshippers are of various types having Tamasa, Sattvika and Rajasa traits, the names also (of Ganesha) became many in number according to their class (characterized by a particular Guna).
5They are as follows: Pancavaktra (Five-faced), Ganadhyaksha (Chief of the Ganas-Siva’s attendants), Dasabahu (Ten-armed), Trilocana (Three-eyed), Kantasphatika-sankasa (Resembling a shining crystal), Nilakantha (Blue-throated), Gajanana (Elephant-faced).
6I shall describe his five faces correctly.
7The middle face is fair in colour with four teeth and three eyes. It is beautiful with a long trunk. In the trunk he keeps a modaka (a round piece of sweetmeat).
8The other faces of Ganesha are yellow. auspicious blue, tawny and grey. The faces are splendid and characterized by good features.
9-10I shall tell you the weapons in the ten hands (of Ganesha). They are: noose, axe, lotus, goad, tusk, rosary, ploughshare, pestle, varada (mudra-gesture) (the hand indicating bestowal of boons) and a vessel containing modakas. One should meditate that he is holding the vessel in his hand.
11-14The meditation is of three types. In Sattvika meditation contemplate thus: (He is) Lambodara (Pot-bellied). Virupaksha a ( of uneven eyes = three-eyed), Nivrta ( sacred thread worn like a garland). He is having a girdle. He is seated in the Yogic posture; the crescent-moon adorns his head. Rajasa meditation is as in the case of men. The deity has pure golden complexion. (He is) elephant-faced and super-natural. He has four hands, three eyes, one tusk and huge belly. In Tamasa meditation be holds a noose and a goad (in his hands). The lord holds a tusk and a vessel of modakas. He is blue in colour. Thus there are three types of Dhyana. Thereafter, the worship should be begun quickly by you all.
15Twenty-one Durva grass-blades are (to be) taken. Two blades of grass are offered after uttering one name. (Thus ten names are uttered and twenty blades of grass are offered.) In the end, all the names are uttered and one blade of grass is offered to the Lord of Ganas.
16Similarly twenty-one modakas should be offered. I shall mention the ten names intended for worshipping separately.
17-18The names are: 1. Ganadhipa (Lord of Ganas), 2. Umaputra (Son of Uma), 3. Agha-nasana (Destroyer of sins), 4. Vinayaka, 5. Isaputra (Son of Lord Siva), 6. Sarva-siddhipradayaka (Bestower of all Siddhis), 7. Ekadanta (One-tusked), 8. Jbha-vaktra (Elephant-faced), 9. Mushaka-vahana (Mouse vchicled) and 10. Kumara-guru (The elder brother of Kumara). At the end of every word namastestu (Obeisance to you) should be added. In the case of the last, the words Kumara gurave tubhyaim namo’stu. “Obeisance to you, O Kumaraguru” should be uttered. Thus Ganesha should be worshipped with care.
19-20After speaking thus to Suras. Sadasiva, Sambhu, the highly splendid lord, eagerly embraced Vishnu who abides in the cavity of heart, as well as Brahma, and (he) immediately vanished. All of them bowed down to Sambhu and then became engaged in worshipping Ganadhyaksha (Ganesha).
21After worshipping him in accordance with the injunctions. they became engaged in honouring him with various Upacara, (ways of service) and the Durva grass blades separately.
22Ganesa who was contented and delighted (by their worship) bestowed boons on Devas. They circumambulated him. bowed down to him and propitiated him.
23Asuras who possessed only Tamas Guna did not worship Ganesha . The excellent Asuras were engaged in ridiculing Devas.
24-25Devas finished worshipping the son of Sankara and went to the Milk Ocean once again. Brahma, Vishnu, the excellent Suras, Devas, Daityas and sages made Mandara the churning rod and Vasuki the churning rope. Keeping Vishnu near them, Devas began the churning.
26When the ocean was being eh urned, it was the Moon that ca1ne out at the outset , for the purpose of realizing the objectives of all Devas. He was full of nectar.
27-29Saunaka said: O sage of holy rites, was the Moon formerly placed in the ocean? By whom was he placed? It was told by you formerly that the excellent gems like the elephant etc. (had been cast into the ocean). O lord, tell me all these things briefly in the beginning. After understanding these, all of us shall later describe them. On hearing their words, Suta began his narrative:
30Candra (the Moon) is watery by nature, O Brahmanas. He was born as the son of Atri. He was endowed with all good qualities. He was born of Anasuya from a part of Brahma. Durvasas was born from a part of Rudra and Dattaka (i.e. Datta) was born from a part of Vishnu.
31On seeing the Milk Ocean being churned, Candra became delighted. On seeing the Moon, the Milk Ocean too became extremely attached to him.
32Since both of them liked each other, Candra entered the Ocean. Let this be heard, O excellent Brahmanas. In front of and in the presence of Devas, Candra became filled with nectar.
33On seeing the splendour of Candra, the Narajana rite (waving light around the face) was immediately performed by the groups of Devas with respect to Candra, along with the loud and tumultuous sounds of musical instruments. drums of many types and conchs.
34They all then bowed down to him along with Suras, Asuras and Danavas. Then they asked Garga about the genuine inherent power of Candra .
35-37Thereupon, Garga told them, “All the Planets are powerful today. All the excellent Planets are in their central positions. (Therefore, they are beneficial) to you. Guru (Jupiter) has come in conjunction with Candra (the Moon). Budha (Mercury) has also come in his contact. So also the Sun, Sukra (Venus), Sani (Saturn) and the great Planet Angaraka (Mars). Hence the power and influence of Candra is very excellent for the realization of your objectives. This Muhurta (auspicious time) named Gomanta is the bestower of victory.”
38At this encouraging assurance of the noble-souled Garga, the mighty Devas began to churn the ocean vigorously and roared (lustily in their eagerness).
39Remembering Mahesa and Ganesha again and again those noble-souted (Devas) of firm holy rites attained double strength.
40During churning, Surabhi (divine cow) came out directly for the sake of the accomplishment of the tasks of Devas, from the ocean that was roaring with a rumbling sound on all sides.
41Tawny in colour and with quite heavy udders, the cow, in a contented mood, came very slowly floating over the waves.
42On seeing Kamadhenu (Wish-yielding Cow) coming up, all Suras and Asuras showered flowers on that (cow) of unmeasured splendour.
43Various kinds of trumpets and musical instruments were-played and drums were beaten. She was brought from the middle of the waters (though) surrounded by hundreds of cows.
44Among them there were cows of various colours such as blue, black, tawny, partridge-coloured, smoke-coloured, dark coloured, red ones, wood-apple-coloured and reddish-brown ones. Surabhi was seen accompanied by these cows.
45Sages who were delighted instantly entreated Devas and Asuras (to give to them) Kamadhenu which was closely surrounded by them (Devas and Asuras).
46“These cows along with Surabhi should be given to all Brahmanas belonging to various Gotras. There is no doubt about it.”
47On being requested by them, Suras and Asuras gave those cows to them in order to gratify Siva. Those Surabhis (cows) were accepted by the noble-minded sages of great auspiciousness and excessive merit.
48Then Punyahavacana (the formal religious declaration “This is an auspicious day”) was performed for Suras by all those sages in order to enable Devas to achieve their objects and to cause the destruction of Asuras.
49-50All of them once again exerted themselves very well and churned the Milk Ocean. From the ocean that was being churned rose up Kalpavriksha. Parijata, Cata and Santinaka. They set apart those trees on one side, like the city of Gandharvas. Immediately those wise (Suras and Asuras) resumed the churning of the Milk Ocean powerfully in all earnestness.
51From the ocean that was being churned emerged a highly refulgent, extremely bright, most excellent gem having the brilliance of the Sun. It was called Kaustubha.
52-53With its brilliance, it illuminated the three worlds. Keeping the Cintamani (a miraculous stone) in front, they saw the Kaustubha brightening the worlds. All those Suras gave the Kaustubha to Vishnu. Suras and Asuras of enhanced strength lustily roared again and began to churn the ocean keeping Cintamani in the middle.
54-58From the ocean that was being churned rose up Uccaihsravas, the wonderful gem of a horse. and then Airavata, the gem of an elephant, along with sixty–four other white elephants each with four tusks and in the rut. They set apart all these in the middle and churned once again. Many precious things then arose from the ocean that was being churned, viz. the wine Vijaya, Bhrngi, garlic. turnip, the poisonous and highly intoxicating Dhattura (Datura Alba) which causes too much of madness, and Pushkara. All these were placed on the shore of the ocean without any hurry. Again, those great Asuras churned the ocean along with the excellent Suras.
59-61As the ocean was being churned once again. That divine “Lakshmi , the sole protector of the worlds, rose up from it. Those who are the knowers of Brahman call her Anvikshiki (Metaphysics). Others praise her as Mulavidya. Some competent persons call her Brahmavidya. Some call her Siddhi (Success), Siddhi (Prosperity), Ajna (Command) and Asa (Hope). Some Yogins call her Vaishnavi. Some exponents of Maya always engaged in Yogic practice call her Maya. All people call her Kenasiddhantayukta (the one associated with Brahman the Principle spoken of in the Kenopanishad). Those who are equipped with the power of knowledge call her Yogamaya.
62-69They saw Mahalakshmi coming slowly. She was very fair, youthful and tender with the filaments of the lotus for her ornarnents. She was sweetly smailing with beautiful teeth. A lady of slender shade, she had the fresh youthfulness as an adornment. Her gannents and ornaments were variegated with the refulgence of many gems. Her lips were red like the Birhba (Momordica Monadelpha) fruits; the nose was very beautiful and the neck and the eyes were very splendid. She was very slender with fine waistline and splendid buttocks. The hips were large. Her lotus-like face was brilliantly illuminated by means of a number of gems that served the purpose of the lights in a Narajana rite for her face. Her face was fascinating and delightful. She was remarkably splendid with her necklaces and anklets. An umbrella was gorgeously held above her head. She was being fanned with chowries gently shaken by the waves of Ganga. She was riding a white elephant and was being eulogized by great sages. With the ends of her hands, she held a garland of the flowers of heavenly trees along with jasmine flowers. On seeing her Devas were eager to look at her at close quarters. But she, Mahalakshmi, the chaste lady, looked at Devas, Danavas, Siddhas, Caranas and Serpents in the same manner as a mother looks (affectionately) at her children.
70Devas were glanced at by that Lakshmi. So they became prosperous instantaneously and were characterized by those indications of attainment of the kingdom. Daityas who were not glanced at by Lakshmi became devoid of splendour (royal glory).
71-72She glanced (lovingly) at Mukunda who was blue in complexion like Tamala (Xanthochymus Pictorius), whose cheeks and nose were very handsome, who shone brilliantly with his superior person and was characterized by Srivatsa and looked (at everyone mercifully). On seeing him, Lakshmi suddenly got down from her elephant with the garland of forest flowers (still in her hands). With a broad smile, she put round the neck of the Supreme Being Vishnu, the garland that was wreathed by Sri herself and wherein bees swarmed together.
73She then sat there leaning on the left side of the great Atman. On seeing them both, Suras and Daityas experienced a wonderful joy. So also Siddhas, Apsaras (celestial damsels), Kinnaras and Caranas.
74At that union of Lakshmi and Narayana, the delight of everyone was very great. All the worlds, all the people everywhere were simultaneously happy and joyous.
75Mahavishnu was sought and wooed by Lakshmi. Lakshmi was wooed by him alone. Thus through mutual love they became absorbed in looking at each other.
76The sound of the various musical instruments and drums such as Patahas, conchs, Mridangas, Anakas, Gomukhas, Bheris and Jharjharis was very tumultuous.
77-79The songs of the musicians were immensely splendid. With the four types of musical instruments, viz. Tata, Vitata, Ghana and Susira, the groups of Gandharvas and celestial damsels propitiated the all-pervading Lord Hari in every way. Gandharvas, being proficient in the art of music delighted the lord. Narada, Tumburu and other Gandharvas and Yakshas then sang sweetly. The groups of Suras and Siddhas served thus lord Narayana who is in the form of the Supreme Atman and whose enlightenment was boundless, deep and profound.