Nahusha and Yayati: Their Indrahood and rail ||15||
1-2The sages enquired: It has been mentioned by you that Devendra regained kingdom without his preceptor. It was on account of disrespect to his preceptor that he had been dethroned from his kingdom. Urged by whom did he retain his position for a long time? Do tell us all these things quickly. We are very eager to hear it.
3-4Lomasa replied: The consort of Saci (lndra) ruled over the kingdom (of heaven) without his preceptor (Brihaspati). The great Indra (could) continue (to rule) over the kingdom due to the (religious) performance in accordance with the injunctions of Visvarupa.
5-6O Brahmanas, Visvarupa , a great king, was the son of Visvakarma. He became the preceptor and performer of sacrifices for Sakra. In that Yajna, Trisiras (one with three heads) performed the worship with partial oblations separately for Asuras, Suras and human beings. In the direct presence of Indra everyday he used to give ladles (full of Soma) to Devas with a loud shout, to Daityas silently, and to human being in a fallen middle tone.
7-8Once he was detected due to his partiality (regarding relative importance of oblations) by Indra who remained concealed and unobserved. Then the desired object (of Trisiras) was understood (by lndra). (Devendra thought) “He is making this piecemeal offering for the sake of accomplishing the task of Daityas. He is our preceptor but gives the benefit to (our) enemies.”
9After thinking thus, Sakra cut off his heads instantaneously by means of his Vajra (thunderbolt) of hundred spikes. The death was instantaneous.
10-11The Kapinjala (a sort of partridge) birds were born from the face with which he drank Soma juice. Then from the other face with which he drank liquor, the Kalavinka (sparrow) birds were born. From the other (third) face, the Tittira birds of various forms were born. Thus, Visvarupa was killed by Sakra, the ill-fated one.
12-14The female fiend (born of and called) Brahmahatya (Brahmana-murder) manifested there. She was terrific and unthwartable. She was evil-faced, wicked, full of Candala impurity and could not be blocked or defeated. The terrible sinners are those who slay Brahmanas, those who drink liquor, those who steal (gold etc.) and those who defile and outrage the modesty of the preceptor’s wife. The means of expiation for these sinners is the utterance of the na1nes of Vishnu, since the mind has him for its object. The three-headed fiend with smoke-coloured hands rushed forth to swallow Indra.
15Thereupon (lndra) fled from there out of great fear. On seeing him fleeing, the terrible (devil) chased him.
16-17Wherever he ran, she too ran after him. If he stood anywhere, she too stood beside him. She behaved in the manner of a shadow of one’s own body. When she came so close as to envelop him, Indra sank beneath the waters suddenly, O Brahmanas, like an old aquatic being.
18-19Thus, three hundred divine years passed since the consort of Saci (lndra) began staying (beneath the waters) with great misery. A terrific state of anarchy spread throughout heaven. Thereupon Devas, sages and ascetics became anxious and worried. All the three worlds were overwhelmed by adversity, O Brahmanas.
20Even if there is a single Brahmana-slayer in a kingdom staying there with impunity, untimely death of good men will take place there.
21The king of the state wherein he (the Brahmana-slayer) lives, becomes contaminated by the sin. There will be (prevalence of) famine, death and calamities.
22There will be many misfortunes causing the destruction of the subjects. Hence, Dharma should be practised by a king with great faith.
23Similarly, the ministers of the king too should be installed with purity. Sin was committeed by Indra and due to that sin, O Brahmanas, the whole of the universe met with-calamities along with great distress of diverse kinds.
24Saunaka enquired: It was by performing a hundred horse-sacrifices that the great realm of Devas was acquired by him, O Suta. Why then did Sakra meet with obstacles, O highly fortunate one? Do tell us exactly as it happened.
25Suta replied: In the case of Devas, Danavas and particularly that of human beings. Karman alone is undoubtedly the cause of happiness and misery.
26-27An immensely reprehensible act has been committed by Indra, O Brahmanas. He insulted his Guru (preceptor Brihaspati). Visvarupa was slain. The wife of Gautama, his Guru (preceptor, elderly one), was carnally approached. It was the fruit of all these sins that was reaped by Mahendra for a long time. There was no way of atonement for the same.
28If persons committing wicked and sinful deeds, do not perform expiatory rites (for the same), they do incur miseries just like lndra, (though) he had performed a hundred sacrifices.
29If sins are committed, atonement should be performed instantaneously in accordance with the injunctions, O Brahmanas, for the sake of quelling all the sins.
30-32If minor sins are repeatedly performed, they turn into major sins. Those men who steadfastly cling to their duties of the morning, midday and dusk can get their sins destroyed. They attain the excellent world. There is no doubt about it. Hence, this person of evil conduct (i.e. lndra) reaped the fruit of his karman.
33All the Guardians of the Quarters hurriedly deliberated together. They approached Brihaspati and reported to the preceptor about lndra everything they had in their mind.
34On hearing the words uttered by Devas, Brihaspati, the intelligent (preceptor), thought about the anarchy that had begun to spread.
35-36“What shall be done now? How will they secure welfare-Devas, the worlds and sages of sanctified souls?” In his mind, he thought over the details of what should and what should not be done. Accompanied by Devas, the preceptor of great fame went to Indra.
37They reached the lake where Purandara (Indra) was lying (hidden) and on the bank of which was staying the (devil of) Brahmana slaughter terrible like a Candali.
38All the Devas, accompanied by the groups of sages sat there. Then Sakra was called by the preceptor himself.
39Thereupon, Indra got up and saw his preceptor. With tears flowing over his face, he spoke to Brihaspati.
40-41He bowed down to all the persons assembled there. He pondered over the great (blunders) committed by himself before, as a result of ignorance. He joined his palms in reverence and with a piteous face spoke: “O Lord, tell me what should be done by me just now?”
42-43The holy lord Brihaspati of liberal mind laughed and said: “O Indra, this is the result of that act of yours committed previously against me. Only by experiencing its result, can it be annihilated. But, no atonement for Brahmana-slaughter has been seen (i.e. laid down) by the authors of Smriti texts.
44Expiation has been prescribed by those conversant with Dharma Sastras (Code of Laws) for the sin committed unknowingly. There is no atonement for an offence wilfully committed.
45A sin committed by a person intentionally does not become one committed unintentionally. Expiation is laid down for both based on the differences in the objects.
46If a sin is committed wilfully (deliberately), the expiation is to be performed up to death. Atonement is laid down in case of sins committed unknowingly.
47Since this has been intentionally done by you, since the twice-born, the learned priest has been killed, there is no atonement.
48Stay in the waters here and wait for your death.
49The meritorious deed of yours termed “performance of one hundred horse-sacrifices”, O evil-minded one, has already been destroyed at the very moment when the twice-born was killed by you.
50Just as not a drop of water remains in a pot with holes, similarly meritorious deeds of a sinner go on reducing every moment.
51Hence, by good luck, if heaven etc. are attained, those can be retained only by really righteous ones. There is no doubt about it.”
52On hearing his statement, lndra spoke these words: “Undoubtedly this has fallen to my lot through my own misdeeds.
53Hasten to Amaravati along with the celestial sages, O Brihaspati. For the purpose of accomplishing the tasks of the worlds as well as of Devas, O sage of great fortune, crown as Indra, anyone whom you approve in your mind.
54Enveloped by the great devil of Brahmahatya, I am just like one who is dead. I have been overwhelmed by the sin arising from Raga (attachment) and Dvesha (hatred).
55Hence hasten all of you to make someone king of Devas. You have my permission for the same. I am speaking the truth to you.”
56On being told thus, all those (Devas) with Brihaspati at their head came to Amaravati immediately and coolly told Saci everything about Indra’s activities as they had taken place.
57They consulted one another and began to deliberate thus: “What should be done for the sake of the kingdom?”
58While Devas were thus deliberating, Narada, the celestial sage of unmeasured splendour, came there by chance.
59On being honoured, he asked Devas: “Why are you all sad and perplexed?” On being enquired (thus) they spoke everything about Sakra’s activities:
60‘lndra’s status of being the lord (of Devas) has come to an end on account of a great sin.” Thereupon Narada, the celestial sage, spoke these words to those Devas:
61-62“You are omniscient Devas endowed with the power of penance and valour. Hence Nahusa , born in the Lunar race, should be made Indra. He should be established in this realm, O Devas, immediately. Ninety-nine horse-sacrifices have been performed by that noble-souled Nahusha, O highly fortunate ones, Nahusha was a regular performer of Yajnas.”
63-67That statement coming out of the mouth of Narada was heard by Saci. With her eyes filled with tears and not engaged in anything (seriously), she went into the inner apartment. On hearing the words of Narada, all the Devas congratulated him. They approved of his suggestion to make Nahusha the ruler of the realm unanitnously. Then, king Nahusha was brought to Amaravati and the kingdom of Mahendra was given to him
by all the Suras and great sages. Then all of them served Nahusha. Agastya and others (sages), Gandharvas, Apsaras, Yakshas, Vidyadharas, the great serpents, Rakshasas, the birds of bright wings (suparnas like Garuda) and other heaven-dwellers (served him).
68Then in the city of Devas, there was a continuous grand celebration. Conchs, musical instruments, Mirdangas and Dundubhis sounded simultaneously.
69In that grand celebration of the kingdom of Devas, musicians sang songs, players of instruments played on them and dancers danced.
70Then he was coronated there by the sages, of whom Brihaspati was the foremost.
71He was worshipped with Deva-Sukta and was made to perform the worship of Planets in due procedure and with formalities.
72The great king Nahusha was duly honoured and respected by the learned sages of sanctified souls and by all others also. As the king of Suras, he sat on the throne of Indra. He had the same features as, those of Indra. Endowed with the greatest splendour, he was eulogized by all.
73Dressed in excellent sweet-scented bright garments and with his person adorned excellently with ornaments and articles of enjoyment, Nahusha appeared resplendent as he was being eulogized by prominent sages and leading Devas.
74Thus the great king Nahusha who was endowed with great ingenuity and worshipped by groups of great Devas and sages, became severely tormented at heart by intense passion (lust).
75Nahusha said: How is it that Indrani does not come near me? Call her quickly. It does not behove you to delay.
76On hearing the words of Nahusha, the liberal-minded Brihiaspati went to Saci’s abode and spoke in detail:
77“It was on account of the calamity fallen on Indra that Nahusha was brought here for the sake of the kingdom. O beautiful lady, occupy half of his seat.”
78-79Saci laughed and spoke to sinless Brihaspati: “He has occupied the seat of lndra without completing the quota of (hundred) Yajnas. Only ninety-nine horse-sacrifices have been performed by him. Hence, he is not qualified enough to obtain me. Let this be thought over truthfully. If this senseless fellow still continues to be desirous of me, wife of another person, let him obtain me by coming here by means of a vehicle that is carried by undeserving carriers.”
80Saying “So be it”, Brihaspati returned hurriedly to Nahusha who had been distressed through intense lust. He reported to him what was spoken by Saci in her own words.
81-84Saying “So be it”, Nahusha who was deluded by lust, thought over it. He deliberated on this intelligently: “Who can be the carrier not worthy of being so?” After thinking about it intelligcntly and trying to remember for a long time (he decided thus): “The Brahmanas and the ascetics are not usually thought of as carriers. I shall make two of them bear me in order to reach her. This is my decision.” So (the king) who was deluded by lust gave the palanquin to two Brahmanas. Seated in that palanquin with great concentration, he urged them on with the words “Sarpa, sarpa” (Move on, move on). (Sarpa means “serpent” also.)
85Agastya who had been one of the palanquin-bearers became infuriated and cursed the king. “You are a lunatic and despiser of Brahmanas; you be a python.”
86Immediately, after the utterance of the curse by the Brahmana, the king became a python and fell from there itself. Indeed, the curse of a Brahmana is untransgressable.
87Just as Nahusha became (a python), so also all like him fell into dirty hell by disrespecting Brahmanas.
88Hence, in order to attain benefits here and hereafter, a wise, circumspect person who has achieved a position of importance, should refrain in all possible ways from committing blunders.
89Nahusha became a serpent in a very dreadful forest. Hence there prevailed anarchy in the world of Devas.
90Similarly, all the Devas were struck with consternation. “Alas! What a wretched condition the king has fallen into!
91This evil-minded fellow has obtained neither the mortal world nor the heavenly world. His (fund of) merits has been instantaneously burnt down.
92If there is any other person who has performed (many) Yajnas, let him be named, O great sage.” Then the excellent sage Narada of great splendour said:
93Ho highly fortunate ones, hasten to bring Yayati .” Messengers of Devas went immediately and brought Yayati quickly.
94-95The noble souled (Yayati) got into an aerial chariot, and went to heaven accompanied by the messengers of Devas. He was then honoured and received by the excellent Devas as well as Serpents, Yakshas, Gandharvas and Siddhas. He arrived at Amaravati and was then propitiated by Devas. he seated himself on the throne of Indra and was immediately addressed.
96He was told thus by Narada: “You are a king who has performed Yajnas. By insulting good people Nahusha attained the status of a venomous serpent.
97-98Those virtuous persons who attain the highest position by means of good luck, become deluded too, on account of previous Karman. They do not see (distinguish between) auspiciousness and inauspiciousness. Those stubborn persons fall into terrible hell. There is no doubt about it.”
99Yayati said: Obstacles beset those persons too who have performed unmeasured and limitless meritorious deeds. They were by no means in small measures, O celestial sage. Know that everyone of those deeds of mine was very great.
100Great charitable gifts have been offered along with the gifts off wod. Many gifts of cows have been made along with the gifts of lands too.
101Similarly, all excellent (religious) gifts mentioned by learned persons have been given by me then and there at the proper time. and in accordance with the great injunctions.
102The sacrifices Vajapeya, Atiratra, Jyotishtoma, Rajasuya, Horse-sacrifice etc. as mentioned in the Sastras-all these have been performed by me. The earth has been adorned all round with sacrificial posts.
103The -Lord of the universe, the Lord of Devas has been worshipped in many ways. This daughter Madhavi was given to Galava in the city.
104Daughters were given to four persons as wives, O sage, for the sake of the intelligent preceptor of Galava, viz. Visvamitra.
105These and many other meritorious rites have been performed by me formerly. They are great and numerous. It is impossible to recount all of them.”
106That king was again asked by all the Devas: “Were all these holy rites performed secretly by you and properly too? We all wish to hear the truth. O Yayati, we are all desirous of hearing too.”
107On hearing the words of Devas, Yayati of unmeasured splendour described everything regarding the remaining part of his meritorious deeds.
108Everything was described without leaving anything. Everything was severally mentioned in detail. Recounting his own merits, Yayati fell down on the earth.
109At that very instant, even as all the Suras went on watching (Yayati fell down). Thus anarchy was produced and spread quickly.
110-111None else was seen by them deserving to be crowned in the place of Sakra on account of his being a Yajna-performer. Let this be heard, O excellent Brahmanas. All the Suras. Sages, great and leading serpents, Gandharvas. Yakshas, Khagas (Birds), Caranas, Kinnaras, Vidyadharas, groups of Suras and celestial damsels-all these became full of anxiety. So too were the human beings.