Dadhici’s gift of his body ||16||
1-9Lomasa said: Thereupon Saci spoke to them the following words full of virtuous advice: “O Devas with Brihaspati as the head, do not get despondent. All of you hasten to the place where the excellent Sura (lies hidden) on being attacked by the devil of Brahmana’s slaughter. Hurry up, O clever ones, to see Sakra. It was for the sake of many (i.e. all gods etc.) that the dull-witted Visvarupa was killed by Mahendra. But, he was banished by all (of you). Hence, alI of you should go to the place where the lord (is lying hidden). O sinless one, previously Mahendra had disregarded you. On account of that disrespect you became agitated and cursed Purandara. Similarly, O Brihaspati, you have been cursed by me. Though (Sakra) has been dismissed, you be loyal (to him) till the end. Just as two persons were brought for any sake even though Sakra is alive, so also, O Brahmana, even while you are alive (someone else) will do your job. Some person of exalted magnificence and felicity will procreate a son of great renown in your wife . There is no doubt about this. Go immediately along with Suras. Bring Indra. Do not delay. If you do not hasten to go. I will curse you once again.”
10On hearing the words uttered by Saci, he went there along with Suras. All of them went to Purandara (Indra) who had been afflicted with the devil of Brahmana’s slaughter.
11After reaching the shore of the lake, they made obeisance to Sakra. All of them were seen by Sakra who was staying in the waters.
12The lord of Devas spoke to them: “Why have you all come here? I am staying here in the waters being overwhelmed by the sin of Brahmana’s slaughter, alone and engaged in penance, O Devas.”
13On hearing these words of lndra, all the Devas became perturbed. They spoke to the king of Devas (these) amazing (words):
14Words like these should not be uttered by you. Such of your activities as killing of Visvarupa had been done for the sake of helping others.
15A mysterious sacrifice was performed by the son of Vishvakarma, whereby Devas and the illustrious sages would be ruined
16It was for this reason, O lord, that he was killed by you for the sake of helping others. Thereupon, all of us have come to you to take you to Amaravati.”
17-19While Devas were discussing this matter, the devil of Brahmana’s slaughter hurriedly said: “I am chaiming Devendra.” Then suddenly “Brihaspati spoke these words: Brihaspati said: We shall now make arrangement of dwellings for your stay. Thus, the devil of slaughter was pacified by Devas on account of the importance of that matter.
20All those Suras, the intelligent sages, Yakshas, Pisacas, serpents, birds as well as all the celestial Siddhas and Caranas deliberated on this matter and divided the sin of slaughter into four parts .
21At the outset, all the heaven-dwellers spoke to Ksama (the Earth): “O Earth, for the siake of realizing (our) objectives a portion of the sin of Brahmana-slaughter should be accepted by you.”
22-23On hearing those words of Suras, Dharitri (the Earth) treinbled and said: “Let it be pondered as to how a part of the sin of Brahmana-slaughter can be taken over by me? I am the mother of all living beings. I sustain this universe. But, if I come into contact with sin, I will become exceedingly impure.”
24On hearing those words of the Earth, Brihaspati said to her: “Do not be afraid, O lady, beautiful in every limb. You are sinless. It cannot be otherwise.
25When Vasudeva of great glory is born in the family of Yadus, you will become free from sins when his feet are placed (upon you).
26Do carry out our request. You must not hesitate in this respect.”
27On being told thus, the Earth devoid of sins did according to their instructions (i.e. accepted a part of the sin). Then all those Devas called Trees and spoke these words:
28“A part of the (sin of) slaughter should be taken up by you for the purpose of realizing the objectives (of all the Devas).” On being told thus, all the Trees who had come there said to Devas:
29-30“We are all of this nature that we regularly provide ascetics with fruits. If we are tainted by the (sin O slaughter, all the ascetics too, of great fortune, will become sinners. Hence, let everything be thought of.” Thereupon, all the Trees that had come there were told by the preceptor Brihaspati:
31-32“None of you need worry about this. If you are cut off into several parts, you will grow further with many branches by the grace of Indra. Then you will be permanently endowed with (possession of branches).” On being told thus, all of them partially accepted the (sin of) the slaughter.
33Then they called the Waters and all the heaven-dwellers spoke thus to the Waters: “Let a part of the (sin of) Brahmana’s slaughter be taken up by the Waters for the sake of realizing the objectives (of Devas).”
34-35Then all the Waters joined together and said to the priest (Brihaspati): “All the living beings enveloped by sins sanctify themselves by dispelling whatever sins and evils they are tainted with, by coining into contact with us, through ablutions, cleansing processes and drinking.”
36-38On hearing their words, Brihaspati said: “O Waters, do not be afraid of the sin, though it is difficult to be crossed. Let the Waters sanctify all living beings, mobile and immobile.” Then Brihaspati called women and said: “Now itself a part of the (sin of) Brahmana-slaughter should be taken up for the sake of realizing the objectives of all.” On hearing the words of Guru (Brihaspati), all the women said:
39-40“This is the injunction of the Vedas that ifa woman commits a sin, other (many) members of her family become tainted with it and not otherwise. O priest, has this not been heard by you? Let it be pondered over.” On being told thus by the women, Brihaspati said:
41-42“Do not be afraid of this sin. O ye ladies of beautiful eyes. This (act of yours) will bestow benefits on other ladies of the future. The part of the (sin of) slaughter will benefit everyone. (Further) you will have Yathakamitva hability to love to the heart’s content).” Thus, four parts of the sin of slaughter were allotted by Suras. The sin of slaughter stayed in those beings, O excellent Brahmanas.
43Mahendra then became free from sins and he was crowned in the city of Devas by the groups of Devas along with the sages.
44Accompanied by Saci, the noble-souled Purandara became the overlord of the universe. He was accompanied by Devas, the leading sages of great magnanimity and groups of Siddhas too.
45Then, fires and winds became splendid. All the planets were lustrous and quiescent. The earth shone with great splendour; so also, the mountains yielded gems and jewels.
46-48The minds of learned men became delighted. Rivers flowed with nectarine waters. Trees yielded fruits perpetually. Planets and medicinal herbs grew and matured without being cultivated. They were comparable to nectar (in taste and effect). The inhabitants of lndra’s world were all enthusiastic and exceedingly joyous.
49Lomasa said: In the meantime, Tvashtri who witnessed the celebrations in honour of Indra became exceedingly infuriated and was afflicted with sorrow for his (dead) son.
50-51With great dejection, he went (to forest) for performing a severe penance. Brahma, the grandfather of the worlds, became pleased with that penance. Being delighted he said to Tvashtri, “O (Tvashtri) of good holy rites, choose your boon.” Thereupon, Tvashtri chose a boon that caused fear to all the worlds: “A son who will be terrifying Devas should be given as boon.”
52Saying “So be it”, the boon was granted by Brahma Parameshtin. No sooner had the boon been granted than a person appeared there.
53He was a wonderful Daitya named Vritra. Every day, the Asura increased by a hundred Dhanus (1 Dhanus = about 2 metres) in stature and size.
54Those Daityas who had been killed by the groups of Suras at the time of the churning of the Milk Ocean and were resuscitated to life quickly by Bhrigu, came out of Patala.
55The whole of the earth was pervaded by that Asura of great soul.
56Then, all the sages who had been hurt and injured and all the ascetics hurriedly reported to Brahma about the calamity that had befallen them. So also did Indra and other Devas and Gandharvas along with the groups of Maruts.
57Everything that Tvashtri intended to do was told by Brahama.
58-59“By performing very severe penance, a great overlord of all Daityas called Vritra. of great refulgence. has been created for killing you (all). Still endeavour may be made to see that this Daitya is killed.” On hearing the words of Brahma, Devas including Vasava spoke these words:
60Devas said: When Indra was absolved of the sin of Brahmana-slaughter and established (as a ruler) in the heaven, something which should not have been done and which is hard to be born, had been done by us.
61Many weapons and missiles had been foolishly thrown in the hermitage of Dadhica. What shall we do now, O Brahma?
62On hearing those words, Brahma laughingly said to Devas: “They have remained there for a long time. Enquire and return, O Suras.”
63All the Devas went there but could not see their respective weapons. They asked Dadihici and he replied: “I do not know.”
64-65Again they came to Brahma and all of them told him what the sage said. Brahma then said to Devas: “Request him for his bones for the sake of accomplishing the objectives of all (of you). He will undoubtedly give (them).”
66-67On hearing the words of Brahma, Sakra spoke: “O lord. for the sake of accomplishing the objectives of Devas,
Visvarupa was killed. But I alone was made the most (condemned) sinner by Suras, O Brahma.
68Further, at the very same instant, I was made nibsrika (“devoid of glory and splendour”) by my preceptor. It was indeed a good luck that I have now entered my mansion.
69Even if, after getting Dadhici killed, many of his bones (are taken) and weapons are made from them, those (bone-made) weapons will be inauspicious, O Lord.
70Thus, I am perpetually in fear of sin. How can I kill this king of Daityas named Vritra who has been begotten by Tvastri?” Hearing the words of Sakra who was perpetually in fear of sins, god Brahma spoke thus: He enlightened (Indra) through the instruction of Arthasastra.
71“One can withstand and even kill a desperado whether he be a Brahmana or an ascetic in case he rushes at one and desires to kill one. One does not become a Brahmana-slayer thereby.”
72Indra said: I am afraid of causing the death of Dadhica, O Brahma. There is no doubt about this that a great sin will result from that Brahmana-slaughter.
73Hence. Brahmanas should not be slighted or insulted by us. Many defects result from insulting (them). It cannot be otherwise.
74Only that which brings about great merits should be done by a wise man. Only such acts should a learned man think of doing (and plan).
75-77On hearing his disinterested words, Brahma spoke to him: “O Sakra, make use of your own intelligence. Go to Dadhici quickly. Request for Dadhici’s bones in view of the gravity of the matter. Saying “So be it”, Sakra, accompanied by his preceptor and Devas, went to the auspicious hermitage of Dadhica, which contained different kinds of animals devoid of their natural animosity.
78-80Cats and mice were joyous in each other’s company. Lions and she-elephants along with their young ones found joy in remaining in the same place. Different species of animals were engaged in sports in one another’s company. Serpents and mongooses were playing about in one another company. Devas who saw these and many other miraculous things in that hermitage were surprised very much.
81-82They saw the pre-eminent sage seated in his excellent seat. He was shining with great splendour like the sun or like a second fire. The excellent sage was accompanied by (his wife) Suvarca, just as Brahma is accompanied by Savitri.
83-85After bowing down to him Devas spoke these words: “You are a donor (famous) in the three worlds. (Hence) we have come to you.” On hearing the words of those Devas, the sage spoke: “O excellent Suras, tell me what for have all of you come. I shall give it. There is no doubt about it. My word cannot be otherwise.” Then all those Suras in a body said to Dadhici, as they were seekers of their own selfish interests:
86-88“We have been desirous of seeing you as all of us are (mortally) afraid of dangers, O Brahmana. Hearing about you as a saviour, Brahma has urged us. So we have come. Understand all these things. O sage of good holy rites, it behoves you to give us.” On hearing their words (the sage said): “Let it be mentioned what should be given?”
89-90Then Devas said: “O Brahmana, give us your bones for the sake of making weapons in order to destroy Daityas.” Then the Brahmanical sage laughed and said: “Wait for a moment, O Devas. I shall myself give up my body today.”
91-93After saying this to them, he called his wife Suvarca. The sage of great splendour said: “Listen, O gentle lady of pure smiles. I have been requested by Devas for any bones. I am forsaking this body. I shall go to the world of Brahma by means of profound meditation. There is no doubt about this that when I have gone to the world of Brahma, you will also attain me there by means of your own virtue. Do not become worried over this unnecessarily.”
94After saying this to his wife, he sent her to his own hermitage. Then, the Brahmana went into a state of concentration in the presence of the Devas.
95By means of the greatest concentration of mind, he cast off his own body. Immediately he went to the world of Brahma from where no one returns .
96The most excellent one among the groups of sages, named Dadhici was a favourite (devotee) of Siva. He was initiated (in the cult) of Siva. It is for the sake of helping others that the Brahmana quickly abandoned his body at that time.