Vritra killed: Bali prepares for war ||17||

1-3Lomasa said: Then on seeing him absorbed (in the Supreme Spirit), the groups of Suras began to think: “How do we make (the weapons out of this body)?” Then the consort of Saci called Surabhi (the divine cow) and said: “At my instance lick up the body of Dadhica.” Saying “So be it” and honouring his words. Surabhi picked the body at the same instant. The body was immediately made rid of all flesh by that cow.
4-5Suras picked up those bones and made weapons out ofthem . The weapon Vajra (thunderbolt) was made out of his backbone and the weapon Brahmasiras was made out of his skull. Suras picked up many other bones of that sage (and made weapons out of them). Similarly, Suras who were naturally inimical to Daityas, made nooses out of his clusters of nerves and veins.
After making the weapons, all Suras of great strength and exploit hurried back, eager to kill Vritra.
7Then Suvarca, the wife of Dadhici, who had been sent away for the purpose of accomplishing the objectives of Suras, came back to that place and saw the dead body of her husband.
8On coming to know that everything had been the work of Suras, the chaste lady became immediately infuriated. The chaste lady Suvarca, the wife of the excellent sage, became extreinely enraged and pronounced a curse:
9“O Suras, all of you are very wicked. All of you are weak and greedy. Hence, from today onwards all the heaven-dwellers shall be issueless.”
10Thus, that ascetic lady cursed those Suras and then came to the root of an Asvattha tree. (the Indian fig tree) There she tore up her belly.
11From the belly, the foetus of the noble-souled Dadhica came out. It was Pippalada of great lustre. He was a direct incarnation of Rudra.
12-13With eyes (flared up) with wrath, the mother Suvarca laughed (in derision) and spoke to Pippalada, the foetus: “Stay here for a long time near this Asvattha. O highly magnificent son. Be fruitful unto all.” Speaking thus to her son, that chaste lady Suvarca followed her husband by means of the greatest Samadhi (concentration).
14Thus, that wife of Dadhica went to Heaven along with her husband.
15After making the missiles and the weapons. Devas of great might and exploits, who were eager to (fight) with Daityas, returned with Indra at their head.
16Honouring Guru and abiding by his bidding, the many groups of Suras, of great strength and exploit-all of them equipped with great weapons and missiles, came to the earth, the Middle Land (world), and spoke (among themselves).
17On hearing that Devas with lndra as their leader had come, Vritra , the great Daitya, went (there) accompanied by the groups of Daityas.
18Just as the peak of Meru is completely visible, so appeared that great son of Visvakarman, with great refulgence.
19Mahendra was seen by him. The great Asura was seen by Mahendra. The meeting of Devas and Danavas was exceedingly wonderful.
20Devas and Daityas who had harbored bitter hatred for one another became furious with one another.
21During that encounter between Suras and Asuras, terrible, high-sounding instruments of martial music were played everywhere, and their majestic loud report was heard everywhere.
22As the instruments were being played, all of them hurriedly and powerfully struck one another with many groups of weapons.
23In that war between Devas and Asuras, all the three worlds including mobile and immobile beings, were overwhelmed by great fear and became unconscious.
24Some were cut and broken into two with the weapons. Some were injured by means of arrows and some cut into pieces with Naraca arrows, weapons and missiles.
25Some of the heaven-dwellers were maimed and crippled with Bhallas (arrows with crescent-shaped heads). They moved about like the streaks of lightning from clouds that shine in the sky.
26-27Many heads fell from the sky like stars as though the great confusion and consternation of Mahapralaya (the great annihilation) had overrun the Middle World, causing the destruction of all living beings. Then Namuci fought with Sakra.
28-29The king of Devas himself hit Namuci with great force by means of his Vajra. But not even a single hair of the Asura Namuci was cut by that Vajra. All the Asuras and Suras were much surprised at this. Mahendra became ashamed.
30He struck Namuci with his club, but as soon as that club came into contact with Namuci’s body, it was smashed into pieces and fell down on the earth.
31Similarly, Purandara struck him with a great spear. That spear colliding with Namuci’s limbs split in to a hundred pieces.
32-33Thus, the slayer of the enemies of Suras struck him with various kinds of weapons. But, Namuci went on smiling and laughing. He did not strike Purandara. Beset with great worry and thought, Indra kept quiet. He did not know what should be done or what should not be done.
34In the meantime, during that terrific great battle, an ethereal voice was heard immediately, addressing Indra:
35-36“Kill this Daitya today immediately, O Mahendra. He is getting terrible and striking terror into the heaven-dwellers. Kill this great leader of Asuras quickly by means of the foam which is near the waters and which is hard to be borne. If struck with any other weapon, he can never be killed. Hence, O lord of Devas, make all possible endeavour to kill this evil-minded Namuci.
37On hearing the divine speech that was characterized by truth, that caused perpetual delight and was conducive to auspiciousness, (lndra) who was the most excellent one among those who endeavour, went to the other shore of the ocean and attempted (to kill Namuci) as he had infinite fund of vigour.
38On seeing him to have come there, Namuci became exceedingly angry. He struck Devendra with his spear and laughingly asked:
39“Why have you resorted to the shore of the ocean? You have left the battlefield. You have even abandoned your weapon.
40O evil-minded one, what (harm) has been done to me even by your own Vajra?
41-42Similarly many other missiles and weapons had been taken up by you previously to kill me, O dull-witted one. Now what will you do to kill me? You have come here to fight, but, O fool. with what weapon do you wish to fight in this battle?
43I will kill you today itself, if you stand here in the battle. If not, go, being set free by me. Live long and be happy”
44On hearing these arrogant word of that (Daitya) who shone in the battle, Mahendra too became furious. He took up the mysteriously wonderful foam.
45On seeing the foam in his hand, Asuras laughed.
46Namuci said (to himself), “He has exhausted his weapons. The ref ore, Purandara wishes to kill me today by means of this foam alone. Indeed Satakratu (lndra) is liberal-minded.”
47-48He thus slighted Purandara laughingly. Namuci, the great Daitya, stood in front of him displaying his contemptuous disregard. At that very moment Indra killed him quickly with the foam.
49When Namuci was killed, all the Devas became delighted. The sages honoured (lndra) with the words “Well done, well done.”
50After the killing of Namuci in the battle, all Devas became victorious. Daityas were excited with anger. They were furiously desirous of fighting (with Devas).
51The battle was resumed. Devas fought with Danavas equipped with many kinds of weapons and missiles. Both were desirous of killing one another.
52When those Asuras were being struck down again and again, Vritra, of great refulgence, approached Satakratu (lndra).
53On seeing Vritra, all of them including Suras, Asuras and human beings were overcome by great fear. They fell on the ground and lay there.
54When all the Suras and Siddhas became frightened, the valorous Indra (came there) riding on Airavana (i.e. Airavata) (armed) with the thunderbolt in his hand.
55He shone by an umbrella that was held (over him) and the chowries (by his side) too. He was accompanied by all the Guardians of the Quarters. He was endowed with great power of exploit.
56On seeing Vritra, all the great Devas and the Guardians of the Quarters became terrified. All of then sought refuge in Siva.
57All of them mentally contemplated Sankara, the benefactor of the worlds. Mahendra who was desirous of victory, duly worshipped the Linga.
58This was understood immediately by Guru (Brihaspati). With great confidence. the highly intelligent Brihaspati said to Sakra:
59-60Brihaspati said: The bright half of the lunar month of Karttika (October-November), Saturday and Trayodasi (thirteenth day) when all these are concurrent, it is undoubtedly conducive to the accomplishment of everything. On that day, at the time of dusk, Sadasiva should be worshipped in the form of Linga, O Devendra, for the accomplishment of all desired objectives.
61The devotee should take his bath at midday and worship Siva with sweet scents, fragrant flowers, fruits etc. together with gingelly seeds and emblie myrobalan.
62Afterwards, at the time of dusk, he should worship an immobile Linga, whether it is self-existent or an installed one, whether it is man-made or of divine origin.
63The devotee should worship that Linga with great devotion, whether in the midst of people or in a lonely place, in a forest or in a penance-grove. He should particularly worship at the time of dusk.
64If the Linga is stationed outside a village, it is a hundred times more efficacious than when it is in the village. The merit of the worship of the wonderful Linga in a forest is one hundred times more than when it is outside the village.
65If the Linga is worshipped on a mountain, it is a hundred times more efficacious than when it is worshipped in a forest. If the Linga installed in a penance-grove is worshipped, it yields a great benefit. It is ten thousand titnes more efficacious than the Linga stationed on a mountain.
66Hence the worship of Sivalinga should be performed efficiently by wise men on the basis of this difference. A holy dip in the sacred spot and other similar rites should also be diligently performed.
67If the devotee offers five pindas (rice balls) accompanied by holy dip alone, it is splendid. One should performing the holy ablution in a well especially with the water drawn.
68One should perform the holy dip in a lake after offering ten pindas. The holy dip in a river is especially superior and particularly so in a great river.
69The holy dip in Ganga is superior to that in all the other holy spots and waters. If the holy dip is perfor1ned in a Devakata (natural pond or reservoir) it is equal in efficacy to a dip in Ganga. The devotee should perform the rite of holy ablution in a praiseworthy manner.
70Illumination should be offered to god Sadasiva with a thousand lamps or a hundred lamps or a series of thirty-two lamps.
71-72For the sake of Siva’s gratification, the devotee should illuminate the lamps with ghee. For the attainment of all desired objects Sadasiva should be worshipped at the time of dusk, in the form of a Linga, by men with fruits, lamps, food-offerings, sweet scents, incense and all the sixteen Upacaras (i.e. modes of rendering service during worship) for the fulfilment of all objects.
73The devotee should circumambulate (Siva) one hundred and eight times. He should as well exert himself to perform as many prostrations (before Siva).
74Sadasiva should be honoured and worshipped by means of circumambulations and prostrations. Rudra should be eulogized by reciting his hundred names.
75“Obeisance to Rudra, to Bhima (the terrible one), to Nilakantha (blue-throated god), to Vedhas (the creator), to Kapardin (one having matted hair), to Surena (the lord of Devas); obeisance indeed to Vyomakesha (sky-haired);
76To Vrshadhvaja (bull-bannered god), to Soma (one accompanied by Uma), to Nilakantha, to Digambara (one with the quarters for garments), to Bharga (refulgent one), to Umakanta (the husband of Uma), to Kapardin;
77To Tapamaya ( one who is of the nature of penance), to Vyapta (one who is pervaded). Obeisance indeed to Sipivishta (one who is pervaded by rays), to Vyalapriya (one who is fond of serpents), to Vyala (one who is identical with serpents); obeisance to the lord of serpents,
78To Mahrdhara (one who supports the earth), to Vyaghra (the tiger); obeisance to the lord of Pasus (individual souls), to Tripurantakasimha (leonine destroyer of Tripura), to Sardulograrava (one whose roaring sound is as dreadful as that of a tiger):
79To Mina (fish), to Minanatha (to the lord of fishes), to Siddha, to Parameshtin, to Kamantaka (the destroyer of Kama), to Buddha (the enlightened one); obeisance to the lord of the intellect,
80To Kapota (pigeon), to Vismta (superior one), to Sishta (of good discipline), to Paramatman (the Supreme Soul), to Veda, to Vedabija (seed of the Vedas); obeisance indeed to Devaguhya (secret known only to gods);
81To Dirgha (long one), to Dirghadlrgha (longer than the long one), to Dirghargha ( one of long respectable offering), to Maha (festival); obeisance to Jagatpratishtha (one who is established in the universe); obeisance indeed to Vyomarupa (one in the form of the firmament);
82To Gajasuravinasa (one who has destroyed the demon in the form of an elephant), to Andhakasurabhedin (one who has split the demon Andhaka), to Nilalohitasukla (one of blue, red and white colours), to Canda-Mundapriya (one who is fond of Canda and Munda);
83To Bhaktipriya (one who is fond of devotion), to Deva (resplendent lord), to Jnanajnana (knowledge of knowledges) to Avyaya (the immutable), to Mahesa (the great lord), O Mahadeva. Obeisance to you, to Hara (the destroyer);
84To Trinetra (the three-eyed god), Triveda (one who is eulogized in the three Vedas); obeisance, obeisance to Vedanga (the embodiment of Vedas), to Artha (wealth), to Artharupa (one who has the form of wealth); obeisance indeed to Paramartha (the Ultimate Reality),
85To Vishvarupa (one who has the cosmic form), to Visva (the universe). Obeisance indeed to Visvanatha (lord of the universe), to Sankara (the benefactor), to Kala (god of Death), to Kaalavayavarupin (one who is in the form of the units of time);
86To Arupa (formless), to Sakhma (the subtle one). Obeisance indeed to the subtler than the subtlest. Obeisance to you who reside in the cremation ground; obeisance to you, wearer of the elephant hide,
87To Sasanka-sekhara (one who has the moon as the crestjewel), to Rudra, to Visvasraya (the support of the universe), to Durga (unattainable), to Durgasara (the essence of the unattainable), to Durgavayavasakshin (one who is witness unto the limbs of Durga);
88To Lingarupa (one who is in the form of the Linga), to Linga; obeisance to the lord of Lingas; obeisance to Omkara; obeisance indeed to Pranavartha (the meaning of Pranava).
89Obeisance, obeisance to you, the cause of the causes, to Mrityunjaya (the conqueror of Death), to Atmasvarupin (one who is in the form of the Soul), to Bhava-svarupin (one who is of the form of the world), to Triyamba (one who has three eyes), O Asitakantha (dark throated). O bharga (refulgent one); O Gauripati (Consort of Gauri), obeisance to Sakalamangalahetu (the cause of all auspiciousness).”
90Brihaspati said: The hundred names of Mahesa should be repeated always by a Vratin (“observer of holy vows”) along with circumambulations and prostrations of that number with great effort. This should be done at the time of dusk for the sake of gratifying Sankara.
91Such is the holy observance fully explained to you, O Sakra, of great intellect. Perform this quickly. O lord of exalted fortune, fight only afterwards, O Lord.
92By the grace of Sambhu, victory etc. will come to you.
93This highly refulgent Daitya has formerly propitiated god Siva by (performing) penance on mountain Gandhamadana.
94There was a king named Citraratha. Know. O Indra, that his park was near the city of Siva. His park was named Caitraratha.
95O lndra of exalted fortune, the six infirmities of human beings (viz. grief, delusion, old age, death, hunger and thirst) do not find a place in that park. Hence that park named Caitraratha was exceedingly auspicious.
96A wonderful vehicle had been given to that king by Siva himself. The vehicle could go wherever one desired to go. It was fitted with small ornamental tinkling bells and was attended upon by Siddhas and Caranas. It was rendered resplendent by Gandharvas, Apsaras, Yakshas and Kinnaras.
97Once he was wandering round the earth, big mountains, different kinds of islands etc.
98-99Once in the course of his wanderings, the great king named Citraratha came to Kailasa. There he saw an exceedingly wonderful assembly hall of Mahesa that shone on account of the Ganas. He saw Mahesvara also who looked splendid with the goddess adhering to half of his body.
100-101When he saw Sadasiva accompanied by the goddess (as well as closely joined to the goddess), he spoke these
words: “We, the ministers etc. and others, O Sambhu, cling to worldly pleasures. Others there are who are enslaved by (and enamoured of) women. We are indeed ignorant too, but out of shyness we do not enjoy the company of women in the midst of people.”
102-104On hearing these words, Mahesa laughingly said in a just and proper manner, even as all were listening: “All are afraid of popular censure and not otherwise. The poison Kalakuta which could not be digested by anyone was swallowed (by me). Still a mocking criticism about me was made by this king. This is difficult to be digested by me. O Girija called Citraratha and spoke these words:
105Girija said: O evil-minded one, O ignorant fellow, why was Sankara mocked at and ridiculed along with me? O dull-witted one, you will see the consequences of your action.
106He who mocks and ridicules equanimous and evenminded good people, whether he is a Deva or a human being, should he known as the meanest of all mean people.
107These leading sages of great magnanimity, those anchorites steeped in the Veda’s and these (philosophers) Sanaka and others worship Siva. Are they ignorant ones?
108O confounded one, among all the people (you suppose that) you alone are Abhijna (one with rich experience and profound knowledge) and not other people. Therefore, I shall make you a wiseacre Daitya excluded (excommunicated) by Devas and Brahmanas.
109(Brihaspati continued:) On being cursed thus by goddess Bhavani, the excellent king Citraratha, immediately fell from heaven.
110He took birth in the race of Asuras and came to be known by the name Vritra. He was gradually made to perform penance by Tvastri.
11-112It is said that Vritra became invincible on account of that great penance. Hence worship god Sarhbhu now during the time of dusk in accordance with the prescribed method. Then kill Vritra, the great Daitya, for accomplishing the cause of Devas. On hearing these words of his preceptor, Indra said: “Tell me the mode of the performance of the worship of (Siva) during Pradosha (dusk time) along with its Udyapanavidhi (the concluding rites) .”
113Brihaspati said: In the month of Karttika when Saturday and Trayodasi (13th day) coincide, all the requirements are complete for the sake of getting the benefit of the entire holy rite.
114-115A silver bull should be made. There must be a good Pitha (scat) upon its back. The devotee must keep the Three-eyed Lord, the consort of Uma, upon it. The lord must have five faces and ten hands. Half of his body must be the chaste daughter of the Mountain. Thus, both Uma and Mahesa should be made of gold by the learned devotee.
116All these (the bull etc.) must be placed in a copper plate and covered with a cloth. The Linga must be placed along with Uma with all the necessary offerings of enjoyment (food offerings, scents, incense etc.).
117During the night the devotee should keep a vigil in accordance with the injunctions and with great faith. At the outset the bathing rite should be performed with Pancamrta (five sweet ingredients in fluid form). (Then the following Mantras should be recited in offering each.)
118“O lord of Devas, O lord of the chiefs of Devas, bathing is offered by me with cow’s milk. Accept it, O Paramesvara (great Lord).”
119“O Lord, bathing is performed by me now with curds. Accept what has been offered by me. Be highly delighted now.”
120“O Lord, bathing is performed by me now with ghee. Accept what has been offered with faith for the sake of gratifying you.”
121“This honey is given by me for the sake of your pleasure. Accept it, O Lord of Devas. Be the bestower of tranquillity on me.”
122“O lord, bathing is performed by me now, O lord of the chiefs of Devas, with sugar. Accept this which has been offered with faith. O Lord, be delighted.”
123Thus the Bull-bannered Lord must be bathed in Pancamrta. Afterwards Arghya (materials of worship) must be offered by the intelligent devotee in a copper vessel with this following Mantra for the gratification of the consort of Uma:
124“You are the most befitting person for being worshipped by this Arghya, O consort of Uma. Accept this, O Lord, offered by me. Be pleased, O Sankara.”
125“Accept, O Lord of the chiefs of Devas, the Padya (water for washing the feet) offered by me to you along with fragrant flowers and sweet scents. Be pleased. Be the bestower of boons”.
126“A seat along with another seat has been offered by me, O Lord, for the sake of your peace and calmness. O Lord of Devas, always be the besteiwer of boons on me.”
127“Ahamaniya (i.e. water for the ceremonial sipping) has been given to you. O Lord Visvesvara, accept; O great Isana, be delighted with me today, O Lord.”
128“A golden sacred thread which consists of Brahmagranthi (knot) and which causes all holy rites to function is offered by me to you, O Lord .”
129“Sweet scents and sandal paste have been offered by me, O Lord, with great devotion. O Sambhu, Bhava, make me fragrant.”
130“O Sambhu, an exellent Lamp kindled with ghee has. been offered by me. Accept it, O Lord of Devas. Be the bestower of knowledge on me.”
131“Excellently superior Iamp invigorated with all medicinal herbs (has been offered by me)- Accept it, O great Isana, for the sake of my peace and calmness.”
132“O Paramesvara, accept the row of lamps offered by me. By virtue of rny offering of waving of lights, be the bestow er of splendour on me.”
133By persons who are conversant with injunctions (regarding worship) the Lord should be (carefully and) diligently worshipped on that night (by offerings) in the following order: fruits, lights etc. food-offering, betel-leaf etc.
134The devotee must keep awake thereafter whether in a house or in a temple. The canopy over the dais must be put up with various, wonderful decorations. God Sadasiva should be worshipped by means of songs, musical instruments and dance.
135It is in accordance with thes’! injunctions that the concluding rites in the worship at Pradola should be performed duly for the sake of the fulfilment of all objects.
136Satakratu (lndra) performed everything mentioned by Guru (Brihaspati). With him as his main help, Indra engaged hitnself in the battle.
137Satakratu fought against Vritra along with Suras. The fight between Devas and Danavas was fierce.
138In that exceedingly fierce battle that caused destruction among : Devas and Daityas, the duels were extremely terrifying and tumultuous:
139-142Vyoma fought with Yama. Tikshnakopana fought with Agni. Mahadamshtra fought with Varutta and Mahabala fought with Vayu. All those engaged in duels were desirous of (suppressing) the strength of one another. The excellent Devas of powerful arms were heroic in battle. They became victorious then. All the leading Daityas met with very great defeat on all fronts. On seeing the leading Daityas defeated by Suras, running away as fugitives, Vritra of great strength spoke these words with extreme wrathfulness:
143Vritra said: O Daitya, why are you greatly distressed? Why are you so frightened? All of you are running away abandoning the war of wonderful (events).
144-145O heroes, resolve to fight. Display your respective valour. O mighty ones, kill the groups of Suras with maces,
spears with sharp edges, swords, javelins, iron clubs, mallets, swords with thin edges, small javelins hurled at the enemies, nooses, maces and even your fists.
146Then Devas fought Asuras with great weapons and missiles made out of Dadhici’s bones. They tore up Asuras.
147This was repeated often. Again and again Daityas were killed by Devas. They met with defeat. Again and fgain, they were urged by Vritra to fight Suras.
148The excellent Daityas were being killed by the leading Suras. They fled in all directions. Some of the Danavas were frightened so much that they appeared to be eunuchs.
149-153The leading Daityas were rebuked and censured by furious Vritra: “O Puloman of great fortune; O Vnaparvan, obeisance to you. O Dhumraksha, O Mahakala, O Vrikasura, the great Daitya, O Sthulaksha, the eminent Daitya, O Sthuladamshtra, obeisance to you. The excellent battlefield is the gateway to heaven for Kshatriyas of great magnanimity. Why do you abandon it and run away? Those who meet death in the battlefield attain the greatest position. A learned man must desire to die in battle. Those who forsake the battle(field) certainly go to hell.
154-155If men who have committed great sins fight in a battlefield with weapons in their hands for the sake of Brahmanas, their servants or for their own sake and get killed being hit with weapons in the battle, they go to the highest region. There is no doubt about it.
156Those whose bodies are cut off by means of weapons for taking up the cause of cows or their own masters, those who die or those who are wounded in war do attain the greatest goal (heaven).
157If persons of great heroism are killed in battle, they attain the greatest region even if they be sinners. They attain the region not easy of access even to the learned men.
158-159Pilgrimage to holy places, study of the Vedas, worshipping of the deities, performances of Yajnas and other different kinds of holy rites conducive to welfare-all put together do not deserve even a sixteenth part of the holy action of those who fall in battle. This has been laid down in all the sacred treatises.
160Hence the valorous and glorious act of fighting should be carried out by you without suspicion or fear. It should not be otherwise, because the Verlie statements are authoritative.
161All of you belong to the profession of heroes. You are magnanimous and dignified due to nobility of birth and course of conduct, but if you run away from the war-zone like cowards. you are sure to go to those worlds of cowards like them.
162According to Smrtis, all of them (cowards) certainly go to the world of sinners (i.e. heIl).
163Those worst sinners who adhere to unrighteous things, the slayers of Brahmanas and the defilers of the preceptors bed go to hell. In the same manner those who stray away (desert) from war, incur the same sin and go to hell.
164-165Hence you people who are capable of bearing the burden of the work of your master must fight.” On being told thus by the noble-souled Vritra, the Asuras carried out his words. They fought a furious; battle with Suras terrifying all the worlds.
166When that tremendous and tumultuous battle ensued, Vritra, the sole lord of the great Daityas, who was overwhelmed by extraordinary wrath, said to Indra accompanied by the excellent Devas:
167Vritra said: “Listen to the words uttered by me. It is conducive to your welfare. It is connected with virtuous objects. Although you are the lord of Devas, you do not know what is good and what is not.
168What were your objectives for which Visvarupa was killed by you?
169Whatever these persons do for the accomplishment of their tasks is futile: Those who do not see far into the future, those who are foolish and confounded, those who are excluded from piety and virtue and those who are incompetent. Know all these, O Devendra. Let it be pondered over mentally.
170Hence be virtuous and free from the taint of sin. Then fight with me. You are the slayer of my brother, O lndra. Hence I will kill you.
171Be steady. Do not run away surrounded by Devas. On being told thus by Vritra, Sakra became exceedingly furious. He mounted on the elephant Aini vata and went ahead with a desire to kill Vritra.
172On seeing Indra coming, Vritra, the most excellent one among the powerful persons, said laughingly even as all the others were listening (to it);
173“Strike me at the outset. Then I shall kill you.”
174On being told thus, Devendra hit hard with his mace Vritra of great strength and the most excellent one among those who possess power at the knee.
175Seeing that mace coming, Vritra caught hold of it sportively. With that very same mace, he struck back immediately Indra, the king of heaven.
176That Gada (mace, iron club) knocked down Purandara, along with his Vajra. On seeing Sakra fallen, Vritra spoke to Suras:
177“O Devas, take your lord to your own city Amaravati.”
178-179On hearing these truthful words of the noble-souled Vritra, all the Suras did so. Eagerly they removed him even while he was seated on the elephant, from the battlefield and surrounded him with fear. All those Suras left the battlefield and went to heaven.
180When Devas had departed, the great Asura Vritra danced and laughed loudly and thereby the quarters were filled with that (sound).
181The entire earth including the mountains, parks and forests shook and trembled. All mobile and immobile things became agitated.
182On hearing that Devendra had gone (from the battlefield), Brahma, the grandfather of the worlds, came near him. With the water from his Kamandalu, he touched (sprinkled) Devendra. At that very same instant, Purandara regained consciousness.
183Seeing Brahma in front of him, Indra became ashamed. Brahma, the grandfather, said to Mahendra who felt ashamed:
184Brahma said: Vritra is endowed with the power of penance (done by himself). He is endowed with the power of penance of Tvasti also. He abides by the holy rite and vow of celibacy. This Vritra of great fame has become invincible due to his severe penance. Hence conquer him by means of penance.
185Vitrasura, the lord of Daityas, can be conquered only through great penance, O Sakra. On hearing the words of Brahma, Hari (i.e. lndra) remembered the Bull-bannered Lord.
186The noble-souled Purandara urged by his (preceptor) Brihaspati began to eulogize (Lord Siva) with a prayer.
187lndra prayed: Obeisance to lord Bharga, who is very difficult to be approached by Devas. O lord of Devas, be the bestower of boons for the sake of the accomplishment of the tasks of Devas.
188The liberal-minded consort of Saci was thus engaged in eulogy. Indeed, he was very prompt and skilful in matters concerning himself. He was slow-witted but was certainly devoted to worldly (pleasures).
189Deluded persons devoted to worldly pleasures do not attain the highest region of Isa, even if they are engaged in devotion to Siva (as) they are passionate and sensualist.
190-192Those people who are free from impurities, egotism and arrogance and who worship Mala (the Gracious), Isa (the Supreme Lord), Sambhu, the greatest lord, who bestows perfect knowledge are really great people. Sankara is the bestower of boons on them both here and hereafter. Mahendra was a great sensualist. Sarva had been eulogized by Mahendra who was passionate. There is no doubt that Sambhu can rarely be approached by sensualists. Hence Sadasiva can always be visualized directly by non-sensualists.
193Indeed the king of Suras was exceedingly passionate. He (professed to be) very efficient in accomplishing his own tasks. Hence Sacipati (lndra) (had) always to strain and exert himself. He was perpetually indulgent in his own lust and similar emotions of the heart.
194-195On account of the seriousness of the matter, Mahesa, of the form of the Linga, who was the seer and vision of all, understood (ever)thing) and spoke to lndra who was eulogizing: “O Indra, go to Vritra, the Danava, along with Suras. O Satakratu (lndra), he can be conquered in the battle only through the power of penance.”
196lndra said: By what means can this great and excellent Daitya be conquered? O Sathbhu, let that be mentioned immediately where-by my success can be (achieved).
197Rudra said: He cannot be killed in battle even by the excellent Devas. Hence a mean act (of trickery) must be performed by you today.
198Formerly this (demon) had been cursed by Parvati in my presence. (At that time) he had been a king named Citraratha, well reputed in all the three worlds.
199He was wandering (here and there) in an excellent refulgent aerial chariot given by me. The leading Daitya had to be born of this womb (of a Daitya) because of his satirical ridicule.
200-201Hence, O excellent one among those who are expert in wars, know him to be invincible in war. Thus, Mahendra was told by Sambhu, the greatest Yogin. Saying “So be it” and honouring it, Sakra took up devout observances and restraints.
202O highly fortunate sages, he made up his mind to stay near Vritra for a thousand year.i waiting for a weak and vulnerable point in order to kill Vritra.
203With the permission of Guru (Brihaspati), his priest, the thunderbolt-armed lndra stood out of Antaredi and carried on his activities vigorously.
204Once Vritra, the Daitya Chief, surrounded by all Daityas casually came to Narmada.
205-206Vritra endowed with manliness, always thought thus: “lndra has met with defeat and discomfiture. He has been taken to heaven by Devas. All my enemies have been struck down. There is no one like me.” Thinking thus, O Brahmanas, he came to Narmadi at the time of dusk.
207At that time of dusk, the vary great (Daitya) Vritra, the most excellent one among powerful persons, surrounded by Asuras, was seen by Indra.
208On that day, Trayodasi (thirteenth day) was in conjunction with Saturday. Brihaspati caught hold of the hand (of Indra). Indra was urged by Guru (to perform the worship of Siva).
209At that time, the Linga-form Omkara (a famous Jyotirlinga) on the bank of Narmada was worshipped by Indra. By means of circumambulations, prostrations (etc.) in accordance with the injunctions (of sacred scriptures).
210Due to the greatness of the holy rite during the dusk hours as well as the grace of Sankara, the valorous (lord) armed with the thunderbolt became (very powerful) instantly.
211Though he was endowed with the (power of) penance, the great Vritra was overcome by sleep during the time of dusk. He was roused (from sleep) by Sunda.
212Since he slept during the time of dusk, the merit that had been earned through penance was ruined at the very same instant He became devoid of splendour.
213-215On account of the curse of the goddess too, Vritra became disappointed in his desired object. (More than) a quarter of the duration of the dusk had passed, when Vritra entered the holy waters surrounded by different kinds of Daityas with diverse kinds of weapons. Satakratu, the consort of Saci, who was seeking the weak and vulnerable points, understood the same and so slowly approached him to kill his enemy.
216-217By that time alJ the excited and terrible Daityas of horrifying exploits stood up simultaneously unable to bear (the attack of) Satakratu. Thereafter ensued a battle with them as they had a very strong army. Then all Devas came there for rendering assistance to lndra.
218-220With very great speed and force Daityas and Devas fought (one another). The battle that was fought during
the night resulted in the crushing and destroying of both, Suras and Asuras. The battle became extremely terrible as many weapons and missiles were used by them. When the war of exceedingly severe and terrible nature went on thus, Vritra took up his exceedingly powerful spear and got ready. He faced Indra and roared terrifically. The reverberation of the loud shout frightened all the three worlds.
221-222Mahendra mounted on (his elephant). Airavana shone then with the umbrella that was refulgent like the disc of the moon, being held high up above him. Even as he was being fanned by chowries, he spoke to the great Daitya:
223Indra said: O Vritra, you are surrounded by a great army (although) you are the hero of heroes on account of your great penance. Fight with me.
224On being told thus by him. Vritra spoke these words: “O Indra, strike me first. Afterwards I shall kill you.”
225Saying “So be it” and thinking about it, Purandara was desirous of discharging the exceedingly unbearable thunderbolt of a hundred sharp edges. But he was prevented by that priest of great lustre, the most excellent one among the intelligent persons. Thinking that it should be so, lndra did accordingly.
226-227The lord of Devas took up an iron club and struck Vritra with it. Vritra warded it off like a miser dodging a guest. On observing that his iron club had been futile, lndra became full of anxiety.
228As he was thinking thus, Vitra spoke to hiln rebukingly: “O Sakra, has the wonderfully contemptible vulgar act performed by you been forgotten? It was on account of it that you have become a thousand-eyed one due to the curse of the great sage Gautama.
229-230Those heroic persons who restrain their different sense-organs do attain victory and not others like you. Undoubtedly the battlefield is extremely terrible unto sinners.”
231Thus the great Daitya rebuked Devendra. The lord of Devas then shook his trident that was on a par with lightning.
232With that great spear, Vritra of wonderful exploits shone like Rudra, the destroyer of (creation at the end of) Yugas, by means of his penance.
233On observing him in that posture, Satakratu, the lord of Devas, rushed at Vritra, the great Danava, with a desire to kill him.
234-236aOn seeing Purandara rushing at himself with a desire to kill him (Vritra) laughed loudly instilling fear in Sakra. Opening his mouth very widely, the lord of Daityas with great splendour came there suddenly to swallow Sakra He grabbed into his mouth, Sakra along with his elephant, thunderbolt and crown. He then danced and roared.
236b-238Within a moment, Purandara was (completely) swallowed. There was a great shout of Alas! Alas! from the Devas who watched it. There was an earthquake and thousands of meteors fell. The entire universe consisting of mobile and immobile beings was enveloped in darkness. Vrtra who was dancing then became exceedingly brilliant.
239Being pierced (in the heart), all the Devas came to Brahma and reported to him everything that was done by the Asura Vritra.
240-241On hearing it lord Brahma became distressed and surprised very much: “How has this wonderfully serious crisis in the case of Mahendra taken place?” Then, along with Devas, “Brahma, the grandfather of all the worlds, eulogized Lord Girisa with great concentration of mind.
242-247Brahma eulogized: Om, obeisance to Mahadeva whose form is Linga. I bow to the lord of cosmic form. Obeisance to Virupaksha (of uneven three-eyes). Save, O lord of the three worlds. Save Purandara who has been swallowed by Vritra. At that time a very clear fine, ethereal voice spoke even as all were listening. It referred to the process of the worship of Linga. It was addressed (to everyone) desirous of his welfare: “What has been done by Jndra who has undertaken the holy Pradosha rite is incomplete and imperfect in regard to Nirmalya (remainder of the previous worship), Pithika (pedestal), Chaya (shadow) and Prasada (palace). The pedestal has been crossed by him as he was circumambulating. Those confounded persons who cross it are undoubtedly worthy of being punished by Canda, the chief of Ganas. Hence circumambulations and prostrations should be carefully performed along with the worship of the Linga. Indeed the worship of the Linga should be carefully performed by those who have had the initiation for the sake of quelling all the sins. It should be performed with the sole intention of attaining spiritual (welfare).”
248On hearing those words not originating from any embodied being, Suras beginning with Brahma asked with palms joined in reverence to the ethereal voice, the cause of everything auspicious:
249“How are we to worship the Linga? By what method or procedure? (When should it be) in the morning, at midday or in the evening?
250What arc the flowers to be used in the evening as well as at midday? Are they the same as in the morning? Say exactly as it is.”
251-254Then the ethereal voice said in detail: “The following flowers can be used on all the three occasions : Kara vira (oleander, ncrium odorum), Arkapushpa (gynandropsis pentaphylla), Brhati Pushpa (solanum indicum) Dhattura (the white thorn-apple). Lotus, Aragvadha (cathartocarpus fistula), Punnaga (calophyllum inoplyllum), Bakula (mimusops elengi), Nagakesara (mesua roxburghii), white Lotus, Kadamba and Mandara (erythrina indica). Many other excellent flowers and many varieties of lotuses should be known as always sacred by learned men.
255-256Jati, Mallika (Jasmine varieties), Mogaraka flowers, Nila flower (blue flower), Kuiaja (wrightia antidysenterica), Karnikara (cassia fistula), Kausumbha (wild safflower) and red lotus. These are the flowers for the worship of the Linga during midday. They are mentioned as the best by me. Now I shall tell you about the evening (worship).
257Campaka flowers are undoubtedly sacred on all the three occasions. At night Mogaraka flowers are very sacred. There is no doubt about it.
258After knowing these differences in the modes of worshipping the Lingo, the due process of worship, should be followed by those who are conversant with the injunctions. The worship shall always be in the temple of Siva.
259One shall not perform circumambulation through the space between the bull and Linga. Nor should one go beyond the Pithika. If that is done, one shall incur a sin.
260Further the circumambulation was performed by Sakra with Rajasa trait of character. Hence it has become fruitless.
261Purandara has been swallowed today by Vritra along with his elephant. That action whereby Indra is released should be performed by you people.
262You must perform the rite in accordance with the injunctions in Maharudra. He shall become liberated at the same time. O Devas, Purandara will thus become liberated. There is no doubt about it.”
263Following those words. Deva’s scrupulously worshipped Rudra as per the injunctions (and reciting) Rudra-sukta .
264Suras worshipped Rudra with eleven recitations of the Rudra-sukta. They performed Havana (fire offerings) rites to the extent of one-tenth (of the recitations). O excellent Brahmanas.
265Desirous of setting Purandara free suddenly, Devas performed Japa, Puja and Halana. Then the king of Devas, by the grace of Sambhu, came out after breaking open his belly.
266-268On seeing that the lord of Devas had cmne out by means of his prowess, along with his elephant, thunderbolt, crown and ear-rings and Purandara of great prowess had regained his great glory, many of the celestial wardrums and conchs were sounded. Gandharvas, celestial damsels, Yaksas and the sages became joyous. Immediately after Purandara got liberated, all the heaven-dwellers became extremely delighted. Then Saci came to the place where Purandara got liberated.
269There he was crowned along with Saci by the great sages. The auspicious rite of Purayahavacana (repetition of the words. Today is an auspicious day’ etc.) was performed with great effort by everyone.
270Thus Mahendra was crowned by the sages then. The earth became extremely auspicious then, O excellent Brahmanas.
271The quarters became clear. The sky was rid of its impurities. Then the fires became tranquil. so also the minds of exalted souls.
272When Satakratu was liberated, these and many other miraculously wonderful auspicious omens occurred.
273When the great festivities of those exalted persons were taking place, Vipra’s dreadful body fell down.
274-277There itself the extremely sinful Brahmahatya fell on the ground. The space between Ganga and Yamuna is called Antarvedi. It is well-known as a sacred land (Punyabhumi). It is famous as the sanctifier of the worlds. The land where the Vritrahatya (Brahma-hatya) fell dead is a sinful region. Since there was a great deal of impurity (Maya) that place is glorified as Malava . The great head of Vritra fell on that ground of impurity within six months after being cut off by all the Devas including Vasava. Thus, by slaying Vritra Sakra attained victory.
278The consort of Saci sat on the throne of the overlord without any mental worry or agony. In the meantime, Daityas approached Bali who was staying in Patala and recounted to him all the activities of Sakra.
279On hearing their words the son of Virocana became angry. He asked Sukra how Indra could be won over.
280This was said to Bali by him: “O king, perform a great Yajna today for the acquisition of the chariot of victory. Your victory will be achieved by means of that.”
281Bali who was making preparations for the Yajna, wali told by Bhrigu thus. The liberal-minded son of Virocana quickly gathered together whatever materials were required for the Yajna and kept them in store.
282The great Yajna was started by the noble-souled son of Bhrigu. Bali took up the Diksha (initiation) and performed the Homa in the sacred fire.
283When the Homa was duly performed in the sacred fire in the course of the holy rite in accordance with the injunctions, a miraculously wonderful chariot came out from that fire for Bali.
284It was yoked with four horses. The emblem was that of a lion of great lustre. It was adorned by means of white horses. The chariot was glorious and equipped with weapons and missiles.
285Then, urged by Sukra, he performed the Avabhritha (Valedictory) bath. After worshipping the chariot, Bali rode in it.
286Surrounded by Daityas and desirous of fighting Purandara, Bali, the great son of Virocana, immediately went to heaven.
287After coming there along with his army, he laid siege to Amaravati. On seeing that their city had been besieged, all the excellent Suras pondered and deliberated on it for a long time and said to Brihaspati:
288“What shall we do now? O highly fortunate one. The chief Daityas have come. All of them are exceedingly terrible, very efficient in war and desirous of fighting.”
289On hearing their words Brihaspati said:
290“O Suras, these terrible (Daityas) beginning with Ghrita (?) have been incited by Bhrigu. All of them have become invincible by penance as well as valour.”
291On hearing these words full of good qualities, all the Suras became ashamed. Indra too lost his sense on account of worry. He became ashamed on being openly rebuked.