Vamana’s arrival at Bali’s sacrifice ||18||
1Lomas a said: Overwhelmed by his own Karman, Mahendra spoke to Brhiashpati, his preceptor: “What is that rite whereby we can surmount a distress without any very great effort? May it (please) be explained”.
2Brihaspati said thus: “We shall abandon Amaravati. Desirous of victory, we shall go elsewhere along with our families.”
3All the Suras did so. Assuming the form of a peacock Purandara left Amaravati and went away immediately.
4Yama assumed the form of a crow. The lord of wealth (Kubera) himself became a chameleon. Agni became a small pigeon and Mahesvara became a frog (and went away).
5Nairrta became a dove at that very instant and then went away. Pasi (Varuna) became a Kapimlala bird and Vayu became a turtle-dove.
6-7Assuming various bodies, they thus abandoned heaven and went away. In their great fright, they went to the holy hermitage of Kasyapa. All of them informed their mother Aditi of the activities of Daityas.
8-9On hearing that unpleasant news, Aditi who was very fond of her sons, spoke to Kasyapa about the critical danger of the Suras. “O great sage, let my words be listened to. After hearing them it behoves you to do (what should be done about) them. Devas have been defeated by Daityas. They have abandoned Amaravati and have come to your hermitage. Protect them, O Prajapati.”
10On hearing her words, Kasyapa spoke these women: “O slender-bodied beautiful lady, understand that Asuras are unconquerable on account of their great penance. O chaste lady, they are being approved and encouraged by Bhrigu.
11-12Indeed their conquest (is possible) only through first undertaking a· severe penance, O beautiful lady. Observe- this holy rite and vow as quickly as possible, O lady of exquisite fortune, for the accomplishment of the tasks of Suras. I shall explain (the rite) conducive to the realization of your object. Perform it, O splendid lady, with great effort and care, in accordance with the injunctions mentioned.
13In the month of Bhadrapada (August-September), O gentle lady, on the Dasami (tenth) day, be pure (in body and mind) with self-restraint . The rite of Ekabhakta (taking only one meal a day) should be performed for propitiating Vishnu.
14Lord Hari who himself is the direct granter of everything that is desired, should be requested prayerfully by his devotees, with the following Mantra, O lady of excellent complexion and good fortune:
15Mantra: “I am your devotee, O lord. I shall perform this holy rite over three days beginning with Dasami. O Vishnu, it behoves you to grant (me) permission.”
16-17The lord of the universe should be prayed to only with this Mantra. (The devotee) should take only a single meal. That cooked rice without adding salt should be eaten from a plantain leaf. He shall perform the rite of observing fast on the eleventh day with great care.
18He (or she) should keep awake during the night with great effort, O lady of excellent waistline. The Parana (ceremonial breaking of the fast) should be performed carefully on the twelfth day in accordance with the injunctions. After feeding exceIIent Brahmanas, the Paralla should be observed along with kinsmen.
19-21The devotee should perform the holy rite thus over twelve months without any lethargy or sluggishness. When the month of Bhadrapada arrives (at the end of the year), he should worship Vishnu on the Ekadasi (eleventh) day. The (idol of) Vishnu should be placed above a Kalasa (pitcher) made of gold or silver in accordance with one’s own capacity. The Dvadasi coinciding with Sravana constellation is an auspicious day destructive of all sins. The devotee should observe fast scrupulously for the sake of quelling all defects and mistakes.” On hearing what was told by Kasyapa thus, Aditi performed the holy rite over a year with strict adherence to the rules.
22-23Janardana was pleased with (Aditi’s) holy rite that lasted a year. He appeared before her, O Brahmanas, on the Dvadasi day which coincided with Sravana constellation . The lord of Sri (Lakshmi) had the form of a Brahmacarin (religious student). He was two-armed and had lotus-like eyes. He had the colour of the flower of Atasi (hemp). He was adorned with a garland of sylvan flowers.
24On seeing him in the middle of her worship, Aditi was struck with wonder. Along with Kasyapa that lotus-eyed lady eulogized him:
25Aditi said: Obeisance to you, the cause of all causes, to the soul of the universe, to the creator of the universe, to the lord in the form of Cit (i.e. animating spirit of life), to the lord of excellent form, to the greatest Atman (Soul) not inferior to anyone. (Repeated) Obeisance to the lord of unhampered enlightenment.
26On being remembered thus by Aditi, Acyuta, the lord of Devas, laughed and said to Aditi, the mother of Devas:
27The Lord said: I have been propitiated and pleased by your greatest penance, O sinless lady. (I have come) for accomplishing the task of Devas by means of this body alone.
28On hearing the words of the lord, Aditi said to him: “O lord, Devas have been defeated by Asuras who are much more powerful (than Devas). O Janardana, save all those Suras who have sought refuge (in you).”
29-30On hearing her words, Vishnu, the sole overlord of Vaikuntha, understood all the activities of Suras and everything Bali had intended to do.
31-32Vishnu, the great Atman, then pondered over everything: “What should be done by me today whereby Devas can conquer and the excellent Daityas may be defeated?” Then the lord said to his Gada (iron club): “Go now, O weapon of great fortune, to the son of Virocana to bring about his death; kill him quickly.” The Gada of a beautiful form, laughingly said to Hnikesa: “It is impossible for me to kill him. Indeed, Bali is a great Brahmatiya (well-versed in the Vedas, friendly and hospitable to Brahmanas).”
33Then Vishnu said to his Discus pacifyingly (i.e. persuading it): “O Sudarsana, you go quickly to Bali to kill him.”
34Then Sudarsana said hurriedly to Cakrapani (Vishnu), the wielder of discus): “O great lord, it is not possible for me to kill Bali.
35Just as you are Brahmana, O Vishnu, so is this great Daitya also.” Sarngapani (Vishnu, the wielder of the Sarnga bow) was told the same by his bow. He was then struck with wonder. He began to think about it in diverse ways, pondering over it for a very long time.
36-39Atri said: At that time, what did all those Asuras do? Let it be mentioned: Lomasa said: Then, all those Asuras beginning with Bali, desirous of fighting with Purandara, besieged the beautiful city in heaven. All those Asuras were not aware that Devas had gone away from heaven towards the hermitage of Kasyapa assuming different forms. They climbed the rampart wall with great excitement. When Daityas, desirous of killing Suresa, entered Amaravati, they found it vacant. They became delighted in their minds.
40Then Bali was crowned in Indra’s throne by Sukra in accordance with the injunctions regarding the ceremony of coronation. He was surrounded by all the Asuras.
41Bali, the great son of Virocana, established in the realm in that manner, shone with the greatest prosperity in the authoritative position of Mahendra.
42He was served by Nagas and groups of Asuras. Like Mahendra, the divine tree (Kalpaka), the divine cow Kamadhenu and the jewel were an won over by him.
43-44Those people who have gained the title of a Dani (Donor) have done so with Jimited donations. But Bali the great was a donor unto all Jiving beings. Whatever anyone desired was immediately given by him. The overlord of Danavas distributed liberally to everyone what he sought.
45Saunaka said: O excessively fortunate one, Devendra never gave anything to anyone. How is this that Bali became a donor? Describe it truthfully.
46Lomasa said: Whatever man does after exerting himself yields either good or bad results. This should be known by a learned person.
47Indeed gakra who performed a hundred horse sacrifices and gained the realm in Amaravati was addicted to worldly pleasures only.
48-49A man seeks something and gains his object. Know that immediately (after getting the result) a sort of niggardliness besets him. Afterwards he dies and his merit becomes exhausted. As a result of this, Indra may turn into a worm and a wonn may become Indra. Hence there is nothing more conducive to liberation than charitable gifts.
50unto the Trident-bearing Lord (Siva) is greater than liberation, O Brahmanas.
51Sadasiva, the lord of all, gives away everything when his mind is pleased. Sankara becomes satisfied with even a very little thing that is offered, say, even water of a very little quantity.
52In this connection they cite this ancient legend. This has been undoubtedly done by the son of Virocana .
53There was a roguish gambler, a great sinner. He used to censure Devas and Brahmanas. He indulged in great fraud and dishonesty. He was an adulterer.
54-59Once much wealth was earned by him through great sins and gambling. He took with hint flowers, petal leaves and sandal paste for giving them to a prostitutes (On the way robbers took away all his garments and ready cash.) The gambler was left with only a loin doth. Scents, garlands etc. which he had taken with him to be offered to the courtesan, were still with him. He clasped his shoulders with crossed hands. Thereby making a Svastika sign to cover thee! nakedness of bis body. Taking the scent etc. he was running towards the house. He stumbled on the way and fell on the ground instantaneously. After the fall he swooned. After some time he regained consciousness. Although he was a sinner causing unpleasantness (trouble) to others and though he was dull-witted, suddenly his intellect was directed towards good thoughts. Evidently it was the result of his previous deeds. The gambler was exceedingly disgusted with worldly objects. He was repentant and miserable for what had done so far. The scent, the flowers etc. that had fallen on the ground were dedicated to Siva by that gambler unconsciously and unintentionally.
60-64By this meritorious deed (something good happened). He was taken to the abode of Yama by the attendants of Yama. Yama who is dreadful unto all the worlds said to him after calling hint a sinner: “O stupid fellow, you are to be cooked in the great hells.” On being told by Dharmaraja thus, the grumbler spoke these words: “O lord, no evil conduct has been practised by me. O Yama, Jet my meritorious deeds be truly considered.” Citragupta spoke: Something had been given by you to Siva, the great soul. What fell on the ground was given to Siva at the time of your death. Due to that meritorious deed, understand, you will attain the position of lndra undoubtedly for three Ghatikas (1 Ghatika = 24 minutes).
65At that time the lord came then accompanied by all the Suras. Riding on Airavata, this gambler was taken to Sakra’s abode. Sakra was them enlightened and advised by Brihaspati of sanctified soul:
66“O Purandara, for a period of three Ghatikas this gambler should be installed in your seat at my bidding.”
67On hearing the words of his preceptor, he betook (respected) them on his head (i.e. bowed down his head to signify assent). Sakra went elsewhere and the gambler was ushered into the wonderfully furnished abode of the king of Devas.
68He was crowned and installed on the throne of Sakra. He attained the kingdom of Satakratu, because he had offered scents to Sathbhu along with flowers and betel leaves.
69-70What then in the case of those people who are actuated by faith to offer large quantities of scents, flowers etc. always with great devotion to Siva, the Supreme Spirit? (I.e. they deserve much greater reward.) They will attain Sivasayujya (identity with Siva). They will be accompanied by Siva’s army (Ganas) and acquire great joy. Indeed, Sakra is the servant of such people.
71-72The happiness that people of quiescent minds engaged in the worship of Siva attain is very great. It is rare and difficult of achievement even by Brahma, Sakra etc. Those who are covetous of sensual pleasures are deluded. They are poor and pitiable. They do not know (these things). Mahadeva is (i.e. deserves) to be saluted and Sadasiva to be worshipped.
73Mahadeva is to be worshipped and adored by all living beings knowing the truth. Thus the gambler attained the status of Indra for a period of three Ghatikas.
74On being crowned by the priest, he occupied the seat of Purandara. At that time, this gambler of great fame was told by Narada:
75“Bring Indraiani by whom the kingdom is rendered very splendid.” Then the gambler, the lover of Siva, laughed and said:
76“I have nothing to do with Indrayani. This ought not to have been mentioned by you, O highly intelligent one.” After saying thus, the gambler began (to give) charitable gifts.
77-80The lover of Siva gave Airavata to Agastya. The gambler of liberal-minded nature gave ‘Visvamitra the horse named Uccaihsravas. The gambler of great fame gave Kamadhenu and Cintamani of great lustre to Vasishtha. The gambler of great splendour gave Galava the divine tree Kalpataru. The gambler of great fortune gave Kaundinya a house. Joyously he gave these and many other jewels of diverse kinds to sages. He gave everything for the pleasure of Siva.
81The lord continued his charitable gifts over a period of three Ghatikas. After the period of three Ghatikas was over, the previous lord arrived.
82Purandara was seated on his own throne in Amaravati. He was being eulogized by the sages. He was accompanied by Saci also.
83The evil-minded one said to Saci: “O splendid and beautiful lady, you have been enjoyed by that gambler; were you not? Tell me the truth fully.”
84-86Then the lady without blemish said to Purandara: “Everywhere you see things and persons on the analogy of your own self, O Purandara. He is a noble soul in the form of a gambler. By the grace of Siva, he has been the knower of the reality and ultimate truth. He is high-minded and detached (from worldly pleasures). He forsook for the sake of others the kingdom and other things that had come to him. All those great things were considered binding nooses causing delusion. Hence, he gave them to others. (Hence) he has become victorious.”
87On hearing the words of lndrayani, Purandara, the lord of Devas, became ashamed. He sat silently in his seat.
88-91The most excellent one among those conversant with arguments said to Brihaspati: “Airavata is not to be seen. So also Uccaishsravas, the horse. By whom have Parijata and other objects been taken away.” Then Guru (Brihaspati) said to him the great thing done by the gambler. As long as he had power, he gave away (those) to the sages. Those who are not influenced by and not attached to their own great power and position, those who are continuously engaged in meditation on Siva are the favourites of Sankara. Abandoning the fruits of the Karmans, they attain the greatest region by resorting to Jnana (knowledge) alone.”
92-93On hearing the words of Brihaspati, lndra said these words: “Mostly these things Yama will say, for the sake of his own prosperity.” Thinking that to be so, Sakra, the king of Suras, suddenly went accompanied by Brihaspati. Purandara who desired his own objectives, went to the city of Samyamini.
94On being welcomed and honoured by Yama, Sakra said these words: “My position and region was given to the evil-minded gambler by you.
95But this highly despicable action has been committed by him. All jewels and fine things belonging to me were given to different persons by him. O Dharma, know this exactly.
96Your name is Dharma. How did you give the gambler (this position)? Everything has been done by you for destroying my kingdom.
97O highly fortunate one, fetch the elephant and other things back quickly. Other things, jewels etc. have been given to different persons.”
98On hearing the words of Sakra, Yama spoke these words to the gambler furiously: ‘‘What is this that has been done by you, a great sinner?
99-102Sakra’s kingdom was given to you for your enjoyment. But it has been given to Brahmanas. A great thing has
been done otherwise. What should not be done has been committed by you, (viz.) the removal (stealing) of other people’s wealth, O foolish one. You will go to hell because of this sin.” On hearing the words of Yama, the gambler said: “The fact that I am to go to hell does not deserve anxiety. As long as I had the possession of Sakra’s throne, something was given to the Brahmanas.”
103-104Yama said: Charitable gift is commended on the earth where the fruit of Karman is had. In heaven charitable gift should never be given to anyone by anyone at any place. Hence, O stupid one, you are worthy of being punished. What is opposed to the injunctions of the scriptures has been perpetrated by you. The preceptor is the chastiser and guide of those who are wise and self-possessed. The king is the chastiser of evil-minded persons. I am undoubtedly the chastiser of all persons of sinful conduct.
105After rebuking that gambler thus, the lord of Dharma (i.e. Yama) himself spoke to Citragupta: “Let him be cooked in the hell.” Then Citragupta laughed and said to Yama:
106-108“How can this gambler be sent to hell? The great elephant Airavata has been given to Agastya by him. The horse that came out of the ocean (Uccaihsrava) has been given to the noble-souled Galava. Welfare unto you, Cintamani of great lustre has been given to Visvamitra . These and other jewels have been given away by this gambler. As a result of that Karman, he is worthy of being praised and worshipped in all the three worlds.
109Everything that is given away with Siva in view either in heaven or in the mortal world by men is, it should be known, everlasting. It is called a flawless Karman. Hence there is no question of this gambler falling into hell.
110-111Whatever sins the gambler committed have all been reduced to ash by remembering Sambhu. He has become a noble soul Thanks to the grace of Sambhu, many merits have been acquired by him at the same instant.” On hearing these words of Citragupta, the king of the departed spirits bent down his head. He laughed and said this to Satakratu (Indra):
112-114“Indeed, you are the king of the leading Suras. (Though) old you are too covetous of the kingdom. One good
thing of the whole of your life has been earned by you by means of a hundred sacrifices. There is no doubt about it. You have to request all those sages, Agastya and others, particularly by falling at their feet or offering them monetary compensation in order to get back the elephant and other jewels, whereby you can become happy. You are to hasten.”
115Thinking that it should be so (after hearing) those words, Purandara of indiscriminate vision went back to his city. With his neck bent down in humility, he requested the sages. Then he got back (the tree) Parijata.
116In the same manner, Purandara got back the whole of the kingdom. He became (once again) the king in Amaravati along with noble-souled (persons).
117A rebirth was granted to the gambler by Yama. As a consequence of some noble action, he became the son of Virocana.
118Suruci, the daughter of Vrishaparvan, the principal queen of Virocana, became the mother of the gambler. He remained in the womb of that noble-souled lady.
119From the son of Prahlada and from Suruci, he inherited the great inclination for virtue and charitable gifts.
120Even as he was staying in the womb, his own mind was made excellent by the gambler. What is difficult of access even to learned men, O Brahmanas, has been accomplished by that gambler.
121Sakra once went to Virocana, the lord of Daityas, in the guise of a Brahmana beggar . He was desirous of killing him.
122After reaching Virocana’s abode, Indra spoke these words on assuming the guise of an old Brahmana: “O king of good holy rites, O lord of Daityas, you are (the most celebrated) learned man and donor in the whole of the three worlds. Give me (what I am going to ask).
123Standing in the midst of assemblies, O king of excellent fortune, Brahmanas extol your wonderful life-story and spotless fame. I am a beggar, O lord of Daityas of good holy rites; it behoves you to give me (what I beg).”
124On hearing his words, the lord of Daityas spoke these words: “O holy lord, what should be given (to you). Tell me quickly.”
125-126lndra in the form of a Brahmana spoke to Virocana: “It is a humiliating thing, yet I beg of you. Whatever is highly pleasing and dear to you, should be given to me. There is no doubt about it.” The Asura, the son of Prahlada, laughingly spoke these words:
127“If you desire, O Brahmana, l shall give you any head. Even this kingdom (I shall give) without any strain. This glory and prosperity shall not go to others. I shall undoubtedly offer ever) thing to you.”
128On being told thus by the Daitya, Indra pondered over it and said: “Give me your own head adorned with the crown.”
129When these words were spoken by Sakra in the form of a Brahmana, the Asura, the son of Prahlada, joyously hurried up and cut off his own head with his own hand and gave it to Mahendra.
130The virtuous action performed by Prahlada previously was (of course) very difficult to do, but by resorting to Bhakti (devotion) alone of Vishnu, it was done by him with his mind devoted to him.
131There is nothing greater than a charitable gift anywhere. That charitable gift offered to persons in distress is highly meritorious.
132Anything whatsoever within one’s capacity, (if offered) is capable of infinite results. There is nothing greater than charitable gift in all the three worlds.
133There are three types of charitable gifts, viz. Sattvika, Rajasa and Tamasa. That charitable gift which is characterized as Sattvika, was performed by him.
134-135The head was cut off and given to Indra who was in the guise of a Brahmana. The crown fell down there. So also the gems and jewels of great lustre fell down simultaneously for the purpose of the groups of Daityas, kings and serpents.
136That charitable gift of Virocana became well-known in all the three worlds. Even today poets sing about (the charitable gifts) of the noble-souled king of Daityas.
137-138This gambler of great refulgence became the son of Virocana. He was born after the father had died. His mother, a chaste lady, forsook her body and attained the world of her husband. Then in the very same throne of his father, he was crowned by Bhargava (Sukra).
139He earned great fame and he became well-known by the name Bali. All the groups of Suras of very great strength were terrified by him.
140It has already been mentioned that they went to the auspicious hermitage of Kasyapa. At that time Bali of great fame became Indra in the city of Devas.
141By means of his penance, he became the Sun-god himself and blazed. The Asura became Isa himself and stayed in the north-eastern quarter protecting it, keeping watch over it.
142Lord of wealth (Kubera). Thus Bali directly enjoyed the three worlds himself.
143Thus, O Brahmanas, Bali became eagerly devoted to and engaged in munificent charitable gifts due to the previous practice which the gambler had, because he was engaged in the worship of Siva.
144Once he was seated in the middle of the assembly along with Bhrigu. The glorious lord was surrounded by the leading Daityas. He spoke these words to Sanda and Marka:
145“Take up your residence along with the Asuras here itself near me. Leave off Patala today itself. It does not behove you to delay.”
146-147On hearing it, Bhargava laughingly said: “One is honoured in the heavenly world only through different kinds of Yajnas. Heaven can be enjoyed, O great king, only by those who perform Yajnas. O king, my words cannot be otherwise.”
148On bearing the words of the preceptor, the lord of Daityas spoke these words: “Let all the great Asuras live in heaven for a long time, by virtue of the Karman performed by me. There is no doubt about this.”
149Thinking that Bali was childish, Sukra, the holy lord of Bhrigu clan, whose power of penance was very great and who was the most excellent one among the intelligent people, laughed and said:
150-151“O Bali, the words uttered by you do not appeal to me. If you wish to come here itself and stay, O Daitya of good holy rites, worship the Fire-god with a hundred horse-sacrifices after going to the land of Karman (i.e. the earth). It does not behove (you) to delay.”
152Thinking that it should be so, the noble-souled Bali abandoned heaven. The learned leader of Daityas went to the earth accompanied by Daityas, the preceptor and all attendants.
153On the banks of the river Narmada there is a great holy spot of exalted refulgence named Gurukulya. After conquering the entire surface of the earth, the noble-souled lord of Daityas went there.
154Urged by his preceptor, Bali, son of Virocana of great fame, who was very efficient, had the great initiation. He who was the most excellent one among truthful persons worshipped through many horse-sacrifices.
155He kept a Brahmanas his Acarya (preceptor). He had sixteen Ritviks. All of them were well-tested by the noble souled Bhargava.
156Bali, who was readily initiated, performed ninety-nine Yajnas. He decided to complete the hundredth horse-sacrifice too.
157-158By the time the full merit of the hundred sacrifices was to accrue, the excellent Vrata of Aditi as mentioned by me before, was also completed. The powerful lord Hari was delighted at that Vrata. He became Aditi’s son in the form of a great religious student.
159-162The sacred thread ceremony of the lord was performed by Kasyapa himself. When the rite was completed, Brahma, the grandfather of the worlds, also came there. A sacred thread was given by Brahma Parameshthin. A staff was given by the noble-souled Soma (Moon). A girdle was brought and a wonderfully potent deer-hide too. Similarly, two sandals were given to the noble-souled boy by the Earth. Alms were brought by Bhavani for the sake of the realization of his desired object. Thus (everything) was given to Vishnu who was in the form of a Batu (religious student).
163The lord of Sri, in the form of Yamana (Dwarf), bowed down to Aditi and Kasyapa. The lord of great refulgence went to the sacrificial chamber of Bali for the sake of deceiving Bali, it is said.
164Then that great lord went to heaven shaking the earth with the weight of the forepart of his foot. That Lord Vamana, Vishnu himself in the form of the religious student, the Supreme Soul (did so) for the cause of Suras.
165The noble-souled lord was eulogized by means of truthful words by the people, leading sages and groups of Devas. Proceeding quickly the lord, the sole kinsman of the universe, reached the sacrificial chamber.
166Since the lord was in the guise of a Batu, he sang the Saman hymns loudly. It was the lord himself, lord Hari who can be realized only through the Vedantas, who was being sung about in those Saman hymns.
167Yamana whose refulgence was very great had assumed the form of a Batu. He stood at the entrance and saw that great horse-sacrifice of Bali ..
168The whole of the cardinal points were pervaded by the great Brahminical splendour of the noble-souled Yamana, the Batu, the sanctifier of everything .
169On hearing it, the intelligent Bali told Sanda and Marka: “Let it be looked into as to how many Brahmanas have come.”
170Thinking that it should be so, both Sanda and Marka hurriedly got up. They came to the entrance of the hall erected for the performance of the sacrifice.
171They saw the noble-souled Sri Hari in the form of a Batu. They returned quickly in order to intimate it to Bali.
172“A certain Brahmacarin (a religious student) alone has come. There is no one else. He has come to your presence, O great king. (He is engaged) in reciting etc. Why he has come to you, we do not know. Know it yourself, O highly intelligent one.”
173When these words were spoken by both of them, that high-minded (Daitya) stood up immediately for seeing that Batu.
174The great son of Virocana, of excessive refulgence, prostrated himself on the ground like a rod on seeing the Batu. He bowed down to the Batu with his head.
175He immediately took the Batu in and made him sit on his own throne. After offering Arghya, Padya etc. duly, he honoured and worshipped the Batu.
176With his neck drooping down due to modesty, he spoke in polished soft words: “Whence have you come, Sir? What for have you come? Whose (son) are you? 0 lord, let these things be mentioned.”
177On hearing the words of the son of Virocana, Yamana was delighted. He began to speak.
178The Lord said: You are the king and overlord of the three worlds. No one else deserves to be so. If on account of a person the family becomes weaker and deficient, that person is reme1nbcred as Kapurusha (“contemptible one”).
179If on account of a person the family continues to be in the same position or becomes better and superior, that person is a true man. The Karman performed by you has never been done by your ancestors.
180Hiranyakasipu and others were the most excellent ones among Daityas. Hiranyakasipu performed great penance for a period of a thousand divine years.
181As he was engaged in the great penance his body was eaten by many ants and covered with biting gad-flies.
182On coming to know of it, Surendra formerly went to his city and besieged it with a great army.
183-184In his presence all the Asuras were killed by the enemy of Daityas. His queen Vindhyia , was being taken away, but, O King, was prevented by Narada who was desirous of doing something. By the grace of Sambhu, all those things which had been desired mentally by the lord of Daityas were wort over by means of penance alone.
185-186Her son was that person of great. splendour (i.e. Prahlada) by whom his own son, i.e. your father who was a
favourite of his father, was led to the Assembly, 0 King of great fortune. Your father was known by the name Virocana. It was by that noble-souled (Daitya) that the learned Indra was; propitiated by the offer of his own head. O King, you are his son. Great fame has been earned by you.
187By the great lamp of your fame, Suras have been burnt like locusts and fireflies. There is no doubt about this that even lndra has been conquered by you.
188All your activities have been heard by me. O Daitya of good holy rites. I am a small insignificant person clinging to my vow of celibacy.
189For the sake of a hut give me some ground, O most excellent one among the kings of earth. On hearing the words of that Batu, Bali spoke:
190-191“O Batu, you are a scholar. What you have spoken before, you yourself do not know, because you are only a child. On hearing it, I think that it is truthful. Speak quickly, O highly fortunate one, how much ground shall I give you? Ponder over it quickly in your mind.”
192Then Vamana spoke these sweet words smilingly: “Those Brahmanas who are not contented are undoubtedly doomed.
193-194Those are Brahmanas who are contented, not others. They are Brahmanas in disguise. They (i.e. real Brahmanas) are engaged in their own duty, O King. They are devoid of arrogance. They have no hindrance (of any kind). They are free from jealousy. They have conquered anger and are liberal-minded, O highly intelligent one. They are real Brahmanas, O highly fortunate one. This earth is sustained by them.
195You are lofty-minded. You have plenty. You are the sole donor in the three worlds. Still the ground measured up to three paces should be given to me.
196have nothing to do with plenty of earth, O slayer of Suras. It will serve as a hut with a mere entrance.
197Three paces of ground are enough for our purpose. There is no doubt about it. I shall take the steps and give me the ground as much as I cover. Only that number (of steps) need be given to me if you are a real donor.”
198Bali, the son of Virocana, laughed and said this: “I shall give you the entire earth including mountains, parks and forests.
199-202O highly fortunate one, take this which belongs to me and given to you by me. See, O Batu, you are the person who is an entreater, and that you are begging of a Daitya. Whether the beggar is insignificant or not, the donor sees himself (i.e. considers his capacity) and gives away things to those who seek them. He is the real liberal-minded person who gives away commensurately with his own status. Hence a suppliant who is unfortunate should not go abegging. O Batu, I shall give you the entire earth today, including the mountains, parks and forests and oceans. My statement cannot be otherwise.”
203The Ratu said once again to the son of Virocana: “My (need) is fulfilled, O great Daitya, by taking land covered in three steps.”
204On hearing those words, Bali, the lord of Asuras, spoke these words laughingly: “Let the space adorned by three steps and given by me, be accepted.”
205On being told thus, Yamana laughingly said to the Asura: “Intending the whole of the earth (for dana), it behoves you to give it, O Daitya of good holy rites.”
206Thinking that it should be so, Vamana, the great son of Kasyapa, was adored well by Bali. Bali was then eulogized well by the sages and leading ascetics.
207While after worshipping Yamana, Bali was about to give (the gift), that great son of Virocana was prevented by his preceptor.
208“This gift should not be offered by you to Vishnu in the form of a Batu. He has come here for the sake of lndra. He will create obstacles in your Yajna. Hence Vishnu, the illuminator of spiritual life, should not be worshipped by you.
209-211Formerly much has been done by this one assuming the form of Mohini, the enchantress. Nectar was given to Devas and the great Rihu was killed. Daityas were routed. The powerful Kalanemi was killed. Such is he. He is the noble-souled Purusa. He is Isvara. He alone is the lord of the universe. Ponder over everything, 0 highly intelligent one, mentally. It behoves you to do what is conducive to your welfare or otherwise.”