Virabhadra comes to the yajna ||3||
1-4aDakshayani went to the place where the great sacrifice was being performed. After going to the abode of her father, the abode which was full of various wonderful things, she stood at the entrance. The Devas of exalted fortune became delighted. They got down from their seats. After seeing the congregation of the Devas, her parents, friends, relatives and kinsmen, she made obeisance to her father and mother with delight. Then the goddess spoke these words in a manner suitable to the occasion:
4b-9“Why was Sambhu, the extremely splendid (lord), not invited by you? (He is the lord) by whom this entire universe consisting of the mobile and immobile beings has been sanctified. He is Yajna (incarnate), an (important) part of Yajna, the sacrificial gift offered therein, the material offered therein, the Mantras etc., the Havya and Kavya -he is identical with all these things. He is the most excellent one among those who are expert in performing Yajnas. Everything performed without him will become impure. How can a sacrifice function (at all), O dear father, without Sambhu? How did these come here, O father, along with Brahma? Don’t you know? O Bhrigu, O Kasyapa of great intellect, O Atri, O Vasishtha? You are alone, O Sakra, what has been done by you today? O Vishnu, you do know the supreme lord Mahadeva. O Brahma, don’t you know the valour of Mahadeva?
10Formerly you happened to be five-faced. You (spoke) arrogantly to Sadasiva and you were made four-faced. It is surprising that you have forgotten that miracle.
11He is the lord Rudra who formerly begged for alms in the forest of Daruvana , when this mendicant was cursed by you (and) your friends.
12-14Even after cursing Rudra, how was (this incident) forgotten by you? He is the lord by whose limb alone the universe including the mobile and immobile beings: has been filled up. The entire universe became the Linga at that very instant. They call it Linga because of the dissolution ( of the universe in it ). All the Devas along with Vasava (Indra) are born of the Trident-bearing Lord. Such a lord who is to be realized through the Vedantas, cannot be comprehended by you.”
15-19aOn hearing her words, Daksha became angry and spoke these words: “Of what avail is your verbal prolixity. It has no relevance to the present occasion. O gentle lady, (You may) go or stay. Why did you come at all? Your husband is an inauspicious fellow, not conducive to propitiousness, O lady of good waistline. He is ignoble, excluded from the Vedas. He is the king of goblins, ghosts and vampires. Hence, he was not invited to the sacrifice, O gentle lady of sweet speech. O lady of excellent loins, it is to Rudra who is haughty and evil-minded and of unknown antecedents that you had been given in marriage by me, a dull-witted sinner. Hence, abandon this body (of yours), O lady of pure smiles, and be happy.”
19b-23It was thus that his own daughter Sati who was worshipped by all the worlds, was addressed by Daksha then. On seeing her own father full of contempt (for Siva), Sati became excessively furious. Then the goddess thought thus: “Though I am desirous of seeing Sankara, how can I go back to our mansion? What will I say if I am asked (about this incident) by him? He who censures Mahadeva and he who listens when Mahadeva is being censured-both of them go to hell and remain there as long as the moon and the sun (shine). Hence l will abandon this body and enter fire.” Pondering thus and being overwhelmed by insult, she entered fire uttering the words “O Rudra, O Siva”.
24-30The entire quarters became pervaded with the great uproar of “Alas! Alas!”. All those (who had come with Sati) climbed on to the platform. Laden with weapons they crowded the place without any gap. They hit and struck themselves with their weapons. They cut off their own bodies. Some of them cut off their heads and eagerly performed the Nirajana (waving of the lights in circles) rites with them. Immediately they were reduced to ash. Then everyone said thus: “Twenty thousand of the Ganas roared terrifically. Those dreadful ones cut off their limbs by means of weapons. Thus, they all perished there along with Dakshayani .” That was a great miracle. All sages. the Devas beginning with lndra, along with the groups of Maruts, Visvedevas, Asvins and the Guardians of the Quarters-all these became silent then. Some of them (walked) round requesting Vishnu, the most excellent one. This was the end of the Yajna of that evil-minded one. The Yajna of the unworthy Brahmana Daksha (was ruined) and the sages became afraid.
31In the meantime, O Brahmanas, all these activities and behaviour of Daksha were communicated to Rudra by the noble-minded Narada.
32On hearing Narada’s report the supreme -Lord Siva became extremely infuriated. In his anger he as if jumped up from his seat.
33Uprooting a plait of hair from his (matted hair), Rudra, the cause of the annihilation of all the worlds, angrily dashed it on the top of the mountain.
34As a result of this dashing, Virabhadra of great fame rose up. So also did Kali surrounded by crores of spirits and goblins.
35Through the wrathful breath of the noble-minded Rudra a hundred (types of) Fevers and thirteen Sannipatas (combined derangement of all the three humours causing deadly varieties of fevers) rose up.
36Rudra of fierce and dreadful exploits was entreated by Virabhadra. “O Lord! what task of Your Lordship is to be carried out? Tell me quickly.”
37On being requested thus, lord Rudra hurriedly commissioned him, “Destroy Daksha’s Yajna.”
38Receiving the behest of the Trident-bearing Lord of Devas with his head (i.e. humbly accepting the order), the heroic Virahhadra of excessive refulgence, who was kissed (a-lidha) by Kalika and was surrounded by all goblins rushed to Daksha’s sacrifice.
39-40At that very time, ill-omens occurred suddenly. A rough wind blew carrying with it gravels and sand. The Rain-god showered blood. The quarters were enveloped in darkness. Thousands of meteors fell on the earth.
41The Devas and others saw such phenomena foreboding evil. Becoming frightened, Daksha sought refuge in Vishnu.
42“Save me, save me, O great Vishnu. Indeed, you are our greatest preceptor and elderly one. You are (identical with) Yajna, O most excellent one among Suras. Save me from this fearful danger.”
43On being requested and prayed to by Daksha, the slayer of Madhu (Vishnu) said: “Protection should be accorded to you by me. There is no doubt about it.
44Disrespect has been shown by you, O Daksha, without understanding genuine Dharma (Virtue). Due to the contemptuous disregard of Lord Siva, everything will become fruitless.
45Where those who are not worthy of respect are worshipped, where he who is worthy of being worshipped is not worshipped, three consequences. viz. famine, death and fear, prevail there.
46Hence, the Bull-bannered Lord (Siva) should be honoured with all efforts. Great fear and danger beset you because the great lord was not honoured.
47All of us are not powerful enough now, because of your evil behaviour. There is no need to discuss this matter further.”
48On hearing those words of Vishnu, Daksha became lost in (anxious) thoughts. Turning pale in the face, he remained silent and sat on the ground.
49-51Expressly commanded by Rudra himself the extremely powerful Virabhadra came to the sacrificial enclosure accompanied by the nine Durgas and others . The nine Durgas were Kali, Katyayani, lsana, Camunda, Mundamardini, Bhadrakali, Bhadra, Tvarita and Vaisnavi. A big multitude of Bhutas also entered the sacrificial enclosure of great refulgence. Sakinis, Pakinis, Bhutas, Pramathas, Guhyakas, a host of Yoginis (in circular formation) along with the sixty four (Tantras ) all these entered the sacrificial enclosure suddenly.
52-55Hundreds and thousands of Ganas who accompanied Virabhadra were all the Parsadas (attendants) of Sankara. All of them had the form of Rudra. They had five faces and blue throats. All had weapons in their hands. They were duly served with umbrellas and chowries. All were as valorous as Siva. They had ten arms and three eyes. Their hair was matted. They wore the ornaments of Rudra. Bearing crescent moon (on their heads), all of them had (different kinds of) robes and ornaments.
56Accompanied by these, the noble-souled, three-eyed, dreadful Virabhadra of terrible might, who had a thousand arms and was entwined by great serpents, marched towards the sacrifice.
57His chariot was drawn by two thousand horses and a million lions.
58-59aThe armoured defenders of his sides were many lionst tigers, sharks, fishes and thousands of elephants. He had different kinds of umbrellas and chowries held over the head of everyone everywhere.
59bcThen high sounding Bheris (war-drums), conchs of various (degrees of) sounds, Patahas (kettle-drums), musical instruments like Gomukha, different kinds of horns wete sounded.
60Cymbals, gongs and wind instruments were played. All of them were engaged in singing pleasantly. All of them played on Mridangas (special drums).
61The Ganas proceeded ahead in front of Virabhadra indulging in different kinds of dances. Those Ganas of unmeasured power and potency roared along with the martial sounds of the musical instruments.
62-63aBy that great sound the three worlds echoed and reverberated. Thus all those Ganas ordered (urged) by Rudra came there to the sacrificial enclosure of Daksha and began to smash for the sake of destroying it.
63b-64aThe sky was covered with dust and an the quarters were enveloped in darkness. The earth consisting of the seven islands (continents ) shook along with the mountains and forests.
64b-65Those Devas, Daityas and night-wanderers observed this wonderful spectacle foreboling the ruin of all the worlds. All of them stood up simultaneously. They saw the dreadful army of Rudra advancing.
66-67Some of them were coming over the earth. Some were coming through the sky. Others covered the quarters and the intervening spaces and rushed on. All of them were of inexhaustible strength; infinite (in number), they were heroic on a par with Rudra in battle. On seeing such an army surrounded by (the followers of) Rudra, all of them said in great surprise and dismay: “Let us advance (against them) with weapons in the hands.”
68-70Indra rode on his elephant. The Wind-god rode on a deer. Yama equipped with the rod of death rode on a buffalo. Kubera drove in the aerial chariot Pushpaka. Varuna rode on a shark. The Fire-god rode on a goat. Nirriti rode on a ghost. Similarly, other groups of Suras, Yakshas, Caranas and Guhyakas, valorously rode on their respective vehicles.
71On seeing the preparations of his own people, Daksha’s face was covered with tears. He prostrated himself on the ground and spoke to all of them:
72“O (friends) of great lustre, it was on the strength of your support that this great Yajna was begun by me. For the accomplishment of this good rite, you are the final authority.
73O Vishnu, you are the protector of holy rites and Yajnas as well as the virtue described in the Vedas. O Madhava. You are the promoter of Brahmana’s rites.
74Hence, O great Lord, proper protection should be accorded to this Yajna.” On hearing the words of Daksha, the slayer of Madhu (Vishnu) replied :
75-76“When you say that protection should be accorded by me to maintain holy rites, it is true. But the transgression is of your own doing in regard to this Yajna. You said something to Sadasiva in the Naimisha forest, the holy spot of Devas. Is it not remembered by you?
77-78Rudra, Sadasiva, who has great splendour, who is of the form of Yajna, was excluded from the Yajnas, O deluded one. That was the wrong advice of yours. Who is competent to protect you from Rudra’s wrath? I do not see anyone, O Brahmana, who can protect you, the evil-minded one.
79You do not distinguish between good and evil acts, O evil-minded one. A holy rite alone is not (necessarily) efficacious always (to produce results).
80Understand that a holy rite with the support of lsvara (Siva) is competent to produce results. Excepting lsvara, there is no other bestower of the fruit of Karman (a holy rite).
81Sadasiva grants the benefit of the holy rites of those persons who are the devotees of Isvara, who are calm and whose minds dwell on him.
82Those people who solely depend upon Karman and are engaged in denying Isvara, go to hell even if they perfgrm hundred crores of Yajnas.
83Those who put faith in the Karmans alone are bound by the fetters of Karman in birth after birth. They are roasted and cooked in the hells.”