Meritoriousness of devotion to Siva ||5||
1Lomasa continued: When Vishnu went away, all those Devas along with the sages and all those who subsisted on that Yajna were totally vanquished by the Ganas.
2He (Virabhadra) made Bhrigu fall down and his beard and moustache were plucked and cut . He got the teeth of Pushan uprooted after distorting and deforming them.
3Svadha was ridiculed and the sages were mocked there. In their fury, they showered the sacrificial fire with faecal matter.
4The Ganas who had become excessively infuriated created unspeakable havoc. Out of great fear, Daksha hid himself beneath the altar.
5After realizing that he was in hiding, he angrily dragged him out. Holding by the cheeks, he struck his head with a sword.
6Thinking that the head could not be pierced or split through, the valorous Virabhadra pressed the shoulder down with his feet and wrung the neck.
7On being wrenched off from the neck, the head of the vicious Daksha was taken away by the intelligent Virabhadra and thrown (lit. offered as oblation) into the blazing sacrificial pit instantaneously.
8Other sages, Devas, Pitris, Yakshas and Rakshasas who yet stayed on were assaulted by the Ganas. All of them fled from the place.
9The Moon, the groups of Adityas, all the Planets, Stars and Constellations all of them were displaced and shaken. They too were attacked by the Ganas.
10Brahma returned to Satyaloka. He was afflicted with sorrow for his son. He thought without being perturbed: “What action is to be taken now?”
11-15As his mind was suffering, the grandfather of the worlds did not derive any happiness. With great effort, he understood all the wicked deeds of that sinner. He decided to go to the Kailasa mountain. Riding on his swan, accompanied by all the Devas, the lord of great splendour reached the most excellent mountain. There he saw Siva, Rudra, accompanied by only Nandin, staying alone. He had matted hair and possessed great splendour. It was the lord who could not he grasped by the Vedas or their Angas (Ancillaries). On seeing such a lord, Brahma became greatly agitated. He prostrated himself on the ground like a staff and began to plead for pardon, touching his lotus-like feet with the tips of the four crowns. He began to eulogize Siva, the supreme soul.
16Brahma said: “Obeisance to Rudra, the quiescent Brahman, the supreme soul. You are the creator and sustainer (protector) of the universe; you are the great-grandfather (of the world).
17Obeisance to the great Rudra, to the blue-throated one, to the creator, to the lord identical with the universe, to the seed of the universe, to the cause of the bill of the worlds.
18-19You are Omkara; you are Vasatkara, the prompter of the functioning of all enterprises. You are Yajna; you are the Yajnic rite. You are the cause of the functioning of Yajna; you alone are the protector of all the performers of sacrifice. You are worthy of being the refuge, O great lord, to all living beings. Save me, save me, O lord Mahadeva, I have been afflicted with the grief for my son.
20Mahadeva said: O grandfather, listen attentively to my words. The destruction of the Yajna of Daksha has not been carried out by me at all.
21-22O Brahma, there is no doubt about this that Daksha was killed by his own deeds. An act (rite) that causes pain to many others, should not be performed at all, at any time. O Parameshthin, what befalls others will befall one too.
23After saying this, Rudra accompanied by Brahma and Suras went to the holy spot Kanakhala and to the sacrificial enclosure of the Prajapati (Daksha).
24-26Rudra saw what had been committed by Virabhadra. Svaha, Svadha, Pushan, Bhrigu the most excellent one among intelligent beings (all had been injured by the Ganas). So also all the other sages and all the manes had been driven to that miserable plight. Many other Yakshas, Gandharvas and Kinnaras who had been there were wounded, split and torn off. Some died in the battle.
27On seeing that Sambhu had come, Virabhadra prostrated himself like a log of wood by way of obeisance, along with his Ganas. Then he stood in front of Siva.
28On seeing Virabhadra of great strength standing in front, Rudra spoke these words laughingly: “O hero, what is this that has been done here?
29Immediately bring here that Daksha by whom this unusual and inauspicious thing has been committed in the course of a Yajna, in consequence of which was (the present) fruit.”
30On being ordered thus by Hankara, Virabhadra hurriedly brought the headless trunk and placed it in front of Sambhu.
31-32Then Virabhadra of noble mind was enquired by Sankara: “By whom has the head of the vicious Daksha been removed? Though he is a crooked fellow, O hero, I shall now give him life (revive him).” On being told thus by Sankara, Virabhadra submitted again:
33“The head was dropped by me into the fire at the very instant, O Sankara. The head that is left, O Sambhu, is that of an animal and the face has been distorted.”
34After knowing (the position), Rudra placed upon the headless trunk the deformed head of the animal. The head had a beard and it was terrible.
35Thanks to the grace of Sankara, Daksha regained his life. On seeing Rudra in front of him, Daksha became ashamed. Bowing down he eulogized Sankara, the benefactor of all the worlds.
36Daksha said: I bow down to the excellent lord, the bestower of boons. I bow down to the most excellent lord of Devas, the eternal lord. I pay obeisance to Isvara, the lord of Devas. I bow down to Hara. Sambhu, the sole kinsman of the universe.
37I bow down to the cosmic form of the lord of the universe, the eternal Brahman in the form of one’s own soul. I salute Sarva (Siva) having the existence of one’s own mental creation. I pay obeisance to the excellent one, the bestower of boons.
38Lomasa said: “Rudra who was eulogized by Daksha, spoke laughingly in secret”
39Rudra (Hara) said: “Four types of meritorious people always worship me. They are: (those who are in misery), those who are thirsting for knowledge, the seekers of wealth and the possessors of spiritual knowledge, O excellent Brahmana.
40Hence undoubtedly sages, possessors of true knowledge, are my favourites. Those who strive to attain me without spiritual knowledge are ignorant.
41Merely by means of Karman (holy rites) you wish to cross the (ocean of) worldly existence.
42Neither by means of the Vedas nor by means of charitable gifts, neither by sacrifices nor by penance at any place can they attain me . But due to the power of Kannan men get deluded.
43Hence, be devoted to knowledge and perform holy rites with concentration and purity of mind. Be equally indifferent to happiness and misery and attain eternal happiness.”
44Lomas a said: Thus Daksha was advised by Sambhu, the greatest god. After establishing Daksha there itself, Rudra went back to his mountain.
45Similarly all the great sages beginning with Bhrigu were consoled and enlightened by Brahma. Instantaneously they became endowed with true knowledge.
46Thereafter Brahma went to his abode.
47Daksha too achieved the excellent enlightenment through the utterance. Engrossed in the meditation of Siva, the noble-minded one performed penance.
48Hence Lord Siva should be served by means of all possible efforts.
49Those men who sweep the courtyard of Siva (i.e. Siva’s temple) attain Siva’s city and become worthy of the praise of the whole universe .
50Those who offer a mirror of great lustre to Siva become attendants of Siva and will be standing in front of Siva.
51Those who give chowries to the Trident-bearing Lord of Devas will themselves be fanned with chowries in all the three worlds.
52The men who offer lamps to the temple ofMahideva will become refulgent. They will be the illuminators of the three worlds.
53Those who offer incense to Siva, the great Atman, will become famous. They redeem both the families (their own as well as that of their mothers).
54Those men who offer eatables (Naivedya) in front of Hari and Hara with great devotion, attain the fruit of a sacrifice for every lump of boiled rice offered by them (as Naivedya).
55Those excellent men who repair a Siva temple in ruins attain two-fold benefit. There is no doubt about it.
56Those who build a new temple by means of bricks or stones rejoice in heaven as long as their spotless fame stays in the world. O excellent brahmanas, no doubt need be entertained about this.
57Those highly intelligent brahmanas who cause to build a palatial temple of many floors for Siva, attain the greatest goal (i.e. Moksha).
58Those who clean or whitewash a temple of Siva built by themselves or by others attain the greatest goal
59Those who offer a canopy are meritorious men. They go to the world of Siva and redeem their entire f amity.
60Those who offer a canopy are meritorious men. They go to the world of Siva and redeem their entire f amity.
61He who visits (Siva’s temple) once, twice or thrice (a day) attains happiness whether he is rich or poor. He gets released from misery.
62A religious faithful who offers worships unto Siva, the great Atman, redeems ten million members of his family and rejoices in the company of Siva.
63In this context they cite this ancient legend , the conversation between the son of Indradyurnna and the noble minded Yama.
64Formerly, in Kritayuga, there was a king named Indrasena. He was a great warrior ruling Pratishthana. He was always interested in hunting.
65Unfriendly to brahmanas, he always indulged in horrible and cruel misdeeds. He was always devoted to worldly pleasures only. That wicked king nourished his own self through the lives of others.
66Ever-addicted to drinking wine, he very much sought the company of other men’s wives. He coveted other men. wealth. Brahmanas were killed by him.
67He defiled the bed of his preceptor. He always stole gold. All his followers too were of that nature. All the followers of that evil-minded king committed sins like him.
68Thus that vicious king ruled the kingdom in diverse ways. Then, after a great deal of time, the wicked king died.
69Then, this evil-minded Indrasena was taken away by the followers of Yama. The sinful king thus came to the presence of Yama.
70Indrasena who was standing in front there, was seen by Yama. He stood up and bent his head (in honour of) Siva.
71Yama, the most excellent one among those who uphold virtue, rebuked his messengers. After releasing Indrasena who had been bound with nooses Dharmaraja (god Yama) spoke:
72-73“O most excellent one among kings, go to the meritorious worlds and enjoy them as long as Indra stays in heaven, as long as the sun is in the sky. Be happy as long as the five elements exist. O great king, you are a man of meritorious deeds. You are a permanent devotee of Siva.”
74On hearing the words of Yama, Indrasena spoke: “I do not know Siva. I am only a person interested in hunting.”
75-76On hearing his words Yama spoke by way of explanation: “The words ‘ahara’ (eat), ‘praharasva’ (attack) were always uttered by you. As a result of that holy act, O bestower of honour, you are permanently purified. Hence you do go to the Kailasa mountain, to Sankara.”
77-78Even as the noble-minded Yama was talking thus, the messengers of Siva came there riding on bulls. They had great refulgence. They were blue-throated, with ten arms, five faces and three eyes. They had matted hair and wore ear-rings. Their heads were markedly adorned with the crescent moon.
79On seeing them, Yama, the most excellent one among the upholders of virtue, stood up. He worshipped them all who resembled the great Indra.
80All of them hurriedly spoke to Yama, the son of Vivasvan: “O lord of exalted fortune, did lndrasena of unmeasured splendour come here? He is the person who continuously uttered the name of the noble-minded Rudra.”
81On hearing their words, Indrasena was honoured by Yama and placed in an aerial chariot. He was then sent to the abode of Siva.
82He was brought in by the excellent attendants of Siva. Then Indrasena of unmeasured splendour was seen by Sambhu.
83Rudra stood up to welcome him, approached him and embraced the king. He made lndrasena sit on half of his seat and then said:
84“O excellent king, what shall be given to you? What is your desire? I shall give you whatever is desired by you.” On hearing the words of the great Siva the king shed tears of joy. (Overwhelmed) by love, he could not say anything.
85Then he was made a Purlada (Attendant) by the nobleminded Mahesa. He became famous by the name Canda. He was a favourite friend of Munda.
86Merely by uttering the name of Rudra, the supreme soul. (former) sinful king lndrasena attained Siddhi.
87By merely uttering “O Hari”, “O Hara”, the names of Siva, the supreme soul, and of Vishnu, the wielder of discus, many men have been saved by Siva.
88No other god greater than Mahesa (Siva) can be seen (found) in the three worlds. Hence Sadasiva should be worshipped by all the means.
89He should always be worshipped with leaves, flowers, fruits, even pure water, and with Karuvira. And he becomes a bestower of boons.
90The flower of Arka (calotropis gigantea) is ten times more efficacious than Karavira. The entire universe consisting of mobile and immobile beings is made with Vibhuti (the sacred ash).
91It is always present in the courtyard of Siva. Hence one should always besmear oneself with it. Henceforth, listen to the merit, O excellent brahmanas, of Tripundra (three parallel horizontal lines on the forehead) drawn with sacred ash.
92It is meritorious, and it dispels all sins. Listen to it, O excellent brahmanas. There was a certain thief who was a great sinner. lie was executed by the servants of the king.
93-95A certain dog came there to eat him (his flesh) and stood over his head. Some ash sticking between the claws of the dog fell on the fore head of that sinner in the form of an impression similar to Tripundra. His body was without consciousness, but the ash fell on it. Therefore the thief was taken to Kailasa by the messengers of Rudra. Who can specifically describe the greatness of Vibhuti (holy ash).
96The men whose limbs are adorned with holy ash are men of meritorious deeds. The men in whose mouth the five-syllabled (Mantra), viz. nama sivaya exists are undoubtedly veritable Rudras.
97Those who have a cluster of matted hair on their heads and those who have Rudrakha beads as their ornaments, are themselves Rudras in human form. There is no doubt about it.
98Hence Sadasiva should be regularly worshipped by men in the morning, at midday and in the evening. The time of dusk is very excellent.
99By seeing Sambhu during the morning, the sin of (committed at) the night is dispelled. By visiting Sambhu at midday the sin incurred by men in the course of seven previous births becomes quelled. (The merit of seeing Sambhu) at night cannot be adequately calculated.
100The two-syllabled name Si-va is destructive of great sins. The whole universe is sustained by those men from whose mouths the name issues out.
101Even heretics and those who cling to false and heterodox doctrines attain the greatest goal and people who are devoted to sinful activities become sanctified if they hear the sound of the Bheri (big drum) placed in the courtyard of Siva’s temple by people of meritorious deeds.
102There is no doubt about this that even that animal attains Siva’s presence, whose hide is used in connection with the Bherr, Mridanga, Muraja and other types of drums placed in Siva’s temple by men.
103-104Hence the devotee should offer various things pleasing to Sambhu in accordance with the injunctions, viz. Tata and Vitata (stringed musical instruments such as lute etc.), Ghana (cymbals, bells and gongs), Sutra (flutes), very valuable chowries, palanquins, beds, (singing) story poems, legends, devotional music etc.
105-108By offering these things even sinners go to the world of Siva. (The following people get even better benefits:)
Men of good holy rites, noble-souled men proficient in the worship of Siva, those who are engaged in the worship of Siva according to the procedure acquired directly from the (oral) instructions of the preceptor, those persons of firm resolve who see the universe as the form of Siva. persons of good conduct with perfect intellect, men who adhere to the discipline of castes and stages of life as well as others, brahmanas, kshatriyas, vaisyas, sudras and other men. Even a candala (devotee of Siva) is excellent. He shall be a great favourite of Sambhu. The whole of this universe including mobile and immobile beings is presided over by Sambhu.
109-110Hence it should be especially understood that everything is identical with Siva. Sambhu should be known by means of Vedas, Puranas, sacred treatises, Upanishads and different kinds of Agamas. Sadasiva should be worshipped by all people irrespective of their being with or without desires.
111Lomasa said: I shall narrate an old legend describing an event that happened long ago. Formerly there was a vaisya named Nandin who lived in the city of Avanti .
112He engaged himself in meditation on Siva and performed his worship. Every day he worshipped a Linga that was in the penance grove.
113He used to get up very early in the morning every day. Nandi, the lover of Siva, became excessively devoted to the worship of the Linga.
114He bathed the Linga in Pancamrta in the manner prescribed (in scriptures). He was always surrounded by brahmanas who had mastered Vedas and Vedangas (ancillaries to Vedas).
115-116He was devoted to the worship of the Linga in accordance with the injunctions of the sacred treatises. After bathing the Linga duly, he always worshipped it with different kinds of wonderful flowers, pearls, sapphires, Gomedas (Himalayan gems). lapi.v lazuli, emeralds and rubies.
117Thus Nandi of exalted fortune worshipped for many years that Linga stationed in a lonely spot with different kinds of offerings.
118Once there was a Kirata (a forester) who was interested in hunting and used to injure and kill animals. Being wreck less he always enjoyed hunting.
119That wicked fellow of sinful activities used to wander in mountains and caves teeming with beasts of prey, killing the animals here and there.
120In the course of his wandering that Kirata, a habitual killer of animals, came by chance where the Linga had been duly worshipped.
121He was extremely afflicted with thirst and looked for water (everywhere). He saw a lake in the forest and immediately entered the water.
122The wicked fell ow had placed everything he had got by hunting, on the shore. He gargled, drank some water and come out.
123-126He saw in front of him the temple that had been wonderfully embellished. The Linga that had been excellently worshipped by means of different kinds of gems was seen (by him). After seeing the Linga, when he began to offer his worship, all the gems were tossed about here and there. Bathing of the Linga was performed by him by means of a mouthful of water. With one of his hands he offered Bilva leaves (aegle marmelos) for the purpose of worship. With the other hand he offered venison. After prostrating himself like a stick he mentally took the solemn vow to perform worship (as follows):
127“From today onwards I shall strenuously perform the worship. From today, O Sankara, you are my master and I am your devotee.”
128After having thus become a regular worshipper, the Kirata returned home. Nandi saw everything scattered here and there by the Kirata.
129abNandi became anxious and worried: “What flaw is this that has befallen me? Many obstacles have been sanctioned in the case of one who is engaged in the worship of Siva. Owing to my misfortune all those obstacles have beset me.”
129c-130After pondering thus for a long time, he washed the temple of Siva. Nandi then returned to his house along the path by which he had gone.
131The priest approached Nandi (as he was found) dejected in his mind. He spoke these words: “Why have you become dejected in your mind?”
132-133Nandi then spoke these words to his priest: “O brahmana, impure things have been seen by me today in the vicinity of Siva. I do not know at all by whom this has been caused.”
134-140Then the priest spoke these words to Nandin: “The person by whom the offerings of gems etc. have been scattered is a deluded one. There is no doubt. He is a stupid fellow not aware of what should be or should not be done. Hence, O lord. do not worry in the least. Be pleased to go to that temple of Siva in the morning along with me in order to see that wicked fellow. Thereafter, I shall do what should be done.” On hearing these words of his priest, Nandin remained in his house during the night with his mind extremely pained. When the night passed, he called the priest and went to the temple of Siva. Nandi went there along with that noble-souled one. Thereafter, what was done by that wicked one the previous day was seen. Nandi performed the worship elaborately with different kinds of gems for the requisite things. The five Upacaras (modes of service in the course of the worship) and recitation of Rudra hymns eleven times while bathing the god were duly performed. He eulogized Girisa with various hymns and prayers in the company of brahmanas. Two Yamas (i.e. six hours) were thus spent by Nandi engaged in eulogy.
141Indeed, at that time, there arrived (the Kirata called) Mahakala who was of the same form (as before). He was extremely powerful, very hideous and dreadful like the god of Death. He was valorous and armed with a bow in his hand.
142On seeing him Nandi was excessively frightened and he cried. The priest too was suddenly struck with fear.
143Everything was done by the Kirata scrupulously as before. With the forepart of his foot he kicked aside the (previous) worship by Nandi and offered leaves of Bilva (instead).
144The bathing rite was performed by means of the mouthful of water. The Naivedya (food offering) was the piece of flesh. Thus, the Kirata offered everything to Siva.
145-147He prostrated himself on the ground like a staff of wood. Then he rose up and went to his abode. On seeing that extremely wonderful incident, he (Nandi) thought about it for a long time. Along with the priest, Nandi was agitated in his mind as he pondered over this. Many brahmanas, expounders of the Vedas, were invited by him. He recounted to them everything performed by the Kirata and asked them: “What should be done, O brahmanas? Let everything be explained accurately.”
148All of them met together and ascertained the matter from the point of Dharma Sastra. Then, all those brahmanas spoke to Nandin who was extremely frightened and suspicious:
149“This obstacle that has sprung up cannot be warded off even by Devas. Hence, O excellent vaisya, bring that Linga to your own abode.”
150-151He honoured their suggestion saying, “So be it”. Then Nandi dug out that Sivalinga, brought it to his own house and consecrated it duly after placing it on a golden pedestal rendered splendid by means of the nine precious stones. He then performed the Puja with various kinds of rites and articles of worship.
152The next day the Kirata came to the temple of Siva and on glancing about could not see the Linga of Isa.
153-157Breaking his silence suddenly he shouted loudly and spoke thus: “O Sambhu, where have you gone? Reveal your self to me now. If you are not seen now, I will give up my body. O Sambhu, O lord of the universe, O destroyer of Tripura, O Rudra. O Mahadeva, reveal your form yourself.” Thus, by means of sweet words of apparent rebuke Sadasiva was disrespected by the Kirata. Then that heroic forester tore up his belly with his nails. Stroking his arms, he said angrily, “O Sambhu, reveal yourself. Where will you go abandoning me?”
158After scolding thus. the Kirata cut the flesh all round and took out the intestines. With his hand he threw them suddenly into that pit.
159-161He steadied his heart and took bath in that lake. Similarly he brought water and Bilva leaves hurriedly. He worshipped the lord duly and prostrated on the ground stretching himself like a stick of wood. Thereafter the Kirata remained there in the presence of Siva engaged in meditation. Thereupon, Rudra surrounded by Pramathas. revealed himself to him.
162The moon-crested lord Rudra who was white like camphor and who was refulgent with matted hair, grasped him by the hand and assuaged him consolingly.
163“O heroic one of great intellect, you are my devote. Choose a boon conducive to your own welfare. O highly intelligent one, (speak) whatever is intensely desired by you.”
164On being addressed thus by Rudra, Mahakala became joyous. Endowed with great devotion, he fell down on the ground like a stick of wood.
165-167Then he spoke to Rudra: “I request for the boon. O Rudra, there is no doubt about (the fact) that I am your slave. You are my lord and master. Realizing this, grant me devotion unto you in every birth. You are my mother. You are my father too. You are my kinsman and friend. You are the preceptor. You are the great Mantra. You are always worthy of being known through the Mantras. Hence in the three worlds there is nothing else than you.”
168On hearing these words of the Kirata, devoid of desire, Siva granted him the position of the chief of his attendants and the post of his doorkeeper.
169-173Then the three worlds were filled with the sound of Damaru (a kind of drum), with the booming sound of the big drum Bherl and the sound of conchs. Then thousands of Dundubhis and Patahas (different kinds of drums) were sounded. On hearing that sound Nandi was surprised. He hurried to the place in the penance grove where Siva was present surrounded by Pramathas. The Kirata too was seen exactly like that by Nandi. Nandi who was surprised much, spoke these words humbly. He became desirous of eulogizing the Kirata with great intentness: “Sambhu was brought here by you. O scorcher of enemies, you are (his real) devotee. I am your devotee and have come here. Mention about me to Sankara.”
174On hearing his words, the Kirata grasped Nandi by the hand and hurriedly approached Sankara.
175Lord Rudra laughingly spoke these words to the Kirata: “Who is this person brought by you in the presence of the Ganas?”
176Sankara, the benefactor of all the worlds, was then informed by the Kirata: Kirata said: This is your devotee, O lord. He is always engaged in your worship.
177-178Every day you have been worshipped by him with gems and rubies, flowers of various kinds. with his own life as well as wealth. There is no doubt about this. Hence know that he is my friend, Nandin, O lord favourably disposed towards your devotees.
179Mahadeva said: I do not know, O highly fortunate one. Nandi, the vaisya mentioned (by you), (but) 0 Mahakala of great intellect, (I shall accept him) because you are my devotee as well as friend.
180Those who are free from fraud, and are of lofty mind, are dear devotees of mine. They are excellent men.
181He is your devotee and hence he is a dearer friend to me. Thus, both of them were accepted by Sambhu as his attendants.
182Then many aerial chariots of great lustre arrived there. That excellent vaisya was redeemed by that excellent Kirata of great refulgence.
183By means of aerial chariots of great speed both of them arrived at Mount Kailasa. They attained the state of having the same form as that of the noble-souled Isvara.
184Waving of the light was performed by Girija to both of them along with Siva. Thereupon, the goddess with a graceful gait of an elephant laughingly said to Siva:
185-188“Just as you are, so also are these, undoubtedly in form as well as mode of walking. They are well-honoured with smiles and friendliness. Hitherto you alone had been served by me. no doubt.” On hearing the words of the goddess, the Kirata and the vaisya turned their faces aside immediately even as Sankara was observing. (They said:) “We are to be sympathized by you alone, O three-eyed lord. We shall perpetually stand at your door. Obeisance. obeisance to you.”
189Knowing their intention, Bhava laughingly said: “On account of your great devotion may your desire be fulfilled.”
190Ever since then both of them became the gatekeepers. They stood at the doorway of Siva, O brahmanas. They had the vision of Siva during midday.
191One was Nandi and the other Mahakala. Both of them were lovers of Siva. Both of them joyously talked to Sadasiva who was one.
192-193Mahadeva talked to thetn lifting up one of his fingers. Similarly Nandi said lifting up two of his fingers. Thus, with the gestures and signs they stand at the entrance to the abode of the noble-souled (lord) Sankara. O highly fortunate sages, listen.
194-197Formerly the unlimited pious rites of Siva had been proclaimed by Sailcida out of sympathy, O brahmanas, for evil-minded living beings, sinners, impious people, blind ones, dumb beings, lame ones. those of ignoble births, evil-minded ones, candalas, and other persons whatever their nature may be. If they are endowed with devotion to Siva, they go to the presence of the trident-bearing lord of Devas. Those learned men who worship a Linga made of sand, go to Rudraloka undoubtedly.