The churning of the ocean ||9||
1-2Lomasa said: On one occasion Indra, the lord of Devas, was seated in the middle of the assembly surrounded by the guardians of the worlds, Devas and Sages. He was encircled by bevies of celestial damsels and was honoured by Gandharvas. Songs in praise of his conquest were being sung by Siddhas and Vidyadharas.
3At that time Brihaspati who was the scholarly preceptor of the king of Devas and was of exalted fortune and liberalminded, came there surrounded by his disciples.
4On seeing him Devas who had been sitting there promptly bowed down to him. Indra too had seen Vacaspati’s (Brihaspati’s) arrival.
5But the vicious-minded lord did not utter a single word in his honour. No word of welcome, no offer of seat, no formal permission to leave was accorded to him.
6Knowing that Sakra had become arrogant and evil-minded due to royal authority, Brihaspati became angry and he vanished.
7When the preceptor of Devas had departed, Suras became dejected. Yakshas, Serpents, Gandharvas and sages also became depressed in mind, O Brahmanas.
8At the end of the music recital, Indra (as it were) regained consciousness. He asked Suras immediately, “Where has (the preceptor) of great penance gone?”
9-10At the very same time, Sakra, the lord of Devas, was informed by Narada: “The preceptor has been insulted by you. There is no doubt about it. O slayer of Bala, your kingdom has gone due to the disrespect (shown by you) to the preceptor. Hence, by all means, you have to plead to him for forgiveness.”
11On hearing these words of the noble-souled Narada, Sakra suddenly got up from his seat. Surrounded by all of them (Devas etc.), he hastened to the abode of his preceptor promptly (without any slackness).
12He bowed down to Tara at the outset and asked her, “Where bas (our preceptor) of great penance gone?” Tari stared at Sakra and said, “I do not know.”
13-15Thereupon, Sakra became worried and returned to his own house. In the meantime, there appeared mysterious ill omens in heaven, causing misery to everyone including the noble-minded Salera himself. All the activities of Sakra were known to Bali who was stationed in the nether worlds. Surrounded by Daityas, he went from Patala to Amaravati. Thereupon a great fight ensued between Devas and Danavas.
16-18Devas were defeated by Daityas. Instantaneously the whole of the kingdom of Sakra, the deluded and evil minded one, was conquered by them and everything (belonging to Sakra) was quickly carried to Patala. It was by the grace of Sukra that all of them became victorious. Sakra became bereft of glory and splendour. So he was utterly abandoned by Devas. The goddess (of fortune) with lotus-like eyes vanished.
19The great elephant Airavata, the horse Uccaihisravas and many other precious things and jewels were taken away immediately by Daityas of evil behaviour due to greed.
20The good ones among them fell into the ocean. Bali who was surprised at this, remarked to his preceptor:
21“It is mysterious that many jewels brought by us after defeating Devas have fallen into the ocean.”
22-23On hearing the words of Bali, Usanas (i.e. Sukra) replied to him: “One can attain the heavenly kingdom only through performance of a hundred horse-sacrifices. There is no doubt about it that it will be acquired by one who is initiated in it. Hence, the enjoyer is also he himself. Without performing a horse-sacrifice, heavenly pleasures cannot at all be enjoyed.”
24Understanding the utterance of his preceptor, Bali became quite silent. What was proper and befitting was carried out through and along with Devas.
25lndra too, on attaining a miserable plight, went to Parameshthin (Brahma) and informed him of everything, such as the danger to his kingdom and other things.
26-28On hearing the words of Sakra, Parameshthi said: “We shall gather together all the Suras and go immediately along with you to Vishnu. The lord of all lords, in order to propitiate him.” Saying “So be it” and those guardians of the worlds beginning with Sakra went to the shore of the Milk Ocean with Brahma at their head. After sitting there all of them began to eulogize Hari.
29-31Brahma said: O lord of the universe, O lord of Devas bowed down to by Suras as well as Asuras, obeisance to you, O great Atman, of auspicious reputation, infinite one, immutable one, free from decay. You yourself are Yajna. You are of the form of Yajna, O consort of Lakshmi. Hence, be the bestower of boons unto the Devas. By insulting his preceptor, Indra has lost (everything) from his kingdom along with the celestial sages. Hence redeem him.
32The Lord said: There is no wonder in the fact that everything perishes by insulting the preceptor. Those who are sinners, who are completely engaged in evil activities, who indulge only in sensual pleasures and by whom parents are censured, arc undoubtedly godless ones.
33Immediately he has acquired the fruit, O Brahma, of what he has committed. Difficulty and misfortunc have befallen all due to the act of this Sakra.
34When a person faces adverse circumstances, they say that, he must be friendly with all living beings in order to achieve all his purposes.
35For that reason, Indra, do as I suggest. For the realization of your purpose, alliance should be formed by you with Daityas.
36On being commanded by the lord, the highly intelligent Sakra left Amaravati and went to Sutala along with Devas.
37On seeing that Indra had come, Indrasena became furious. Along with his army, he was desirous of killing Indra.
38Then by means of different types of (consoling) words, Daityas and Bali, the most excellent one among strong persons, were prevented from killing him by Narada.
39-40At the instance of that same sage, Bali controlled (abandoned) his anger. Indra then came in along with his army. He was seen by lndrasena surrounded by the guardians of the worlds. The king of Daityas hastened to tell him laughingly:
41“Wherefore have you come here to Sutala, O Sakra? Let it be mentioned.” On hearing these words, he said smilingly:
42“We are the descendants of Kasyapa. All of you are also so. Just as we are, so also you are. Clash and quarrel is meaningless.
43As fate would have it, my kingdom was seized by you instantaneously. So also many gems were taken away by you. Though brought with very great effort, they too have gone.
44Hence a learned person must deliberate and ponder. One gets knowledge by means of deliberation and liberation originates from knowledge.
45But alas! Of what avail is my utterance in front of you? I do not know. I have approached you along with Suras as a person seeking refuge.”
46On hearing these words of Sakra, the intelligent (Daitya), the most excellent one among knowers (learned), the most excellent one among those who know what to say, said laughingly to Sakra:
47“For what purpose, O Devendra, you have come, I do not know.”
48On hearing those words, Sakra’s eyes became filled with tears. He did not say anything. Narada spoke to him the following words:
49“O Bali, don’t you know the difference between right and wrong activities? This is the virtue of great men. They protect those who seek refuge in them.
50Those who do not protect the one who seeks refuge, a Brahmana, a sick man and an old man, are (really) slaughterers of Brahmanas.
51-52He has come to your presence with words asking for refuge. He is worthy of being protected by you. There is no doubt in this matter.” On being told thus by Narada, the lord of Daityas himself pondered over everything with great understanding regarding what was right and what was wrong. With great respect, he honoured Sakra along with the guardians of the worlds as well as the groups of Devas.
53For the sake of credence, Puranadara performed many good holy observances of the Sattvika quality which created confidence in Bali.
54Thus Sakra entered into an agreement with Bali in order to further his selfish ends. That great lord stayed with Bali solely devoting himself to the (precepts in the) science of political economy.
55Thus lndra passed many years living in Sutala. Remembering the words of Vishnu and pondering over them again and again, he thought of a plan.
56Once the king of Devas himself was sitting in the middle of the assembly (of Bali). Conversant with the right policy, he spoke laughingly these words to Bali:
57-58“Many gems and jewels, elephants etc. have dropped into the ocean, while you were bringing them here. They belonged to us then. They should be recovered from the ocean by you as well as by us, O heroic one.
59We must hurry up in exerting ourselves to recover those jewels from the ocean. Hence, it must be churned by you for the purpose of achieving the desired result.”
60Induced thus by Sakra, Bali, the slayer of Suras, spoke to Sakra immediately, “By whom and with what should the churning be done?”
61-63Then an ethereal voice with the majestic rumbling sound of cloud said: “O Devas, O Daityas, do churn the Ocean of Milk. There is no doubt about this that your strength will increase. Make the Mandara mountain the churning rod and Vasuki the requisite rope. Afterwards, O Devas and Daityas. Join together and let the ocean be churned.”
64On hearing the words of that ethereal voice, all Suras exerted themselves along with Daityas.
65Those Suras and Asuras came out of Patala. They all came to the matchless, excellent mountain Mandara.
66Daityas were ten million in number. So also, were Devas undoubtedly. Preparing themselves, they came to Mandara having golden lustre.
67-68It abounded in gems and precious stones. It was globular in shape. It was very big and exceedingly lustrous. Many gems were (lying scattered) all round. It had many trees such as sandal tree. Parijata, Naga, Punnaga and Campaka. It was full of various kinds of animals and deer, lions and tigers.
69On seeing such a great mountain, all the excellent Suras. Joined their palms in reverence and said:
70Devas said: O mountain, all of us, the Suras have come here to submit to you. Listen to it, O great mountain, the helper of others.
71-72On being requested thus by Devas and Daityas then, the mountain Mandara came out in an embodied form and in that form the mountain Mandara said : “What for have all of you come to me? Let that be mentioned.”
73Then Bali said these words befitting the occasion. Indra too hurriedly spoke these courteous and sincere words:
74“O mountain Mandara, you cooperate with us in a great undertaking. O observer of holy vows, you should be the churning rod for the production of nectar.”
75Saying “So be it” and honouring their words, because it was for the accomplishment of the task of Devas, he spoke these words to Devas and Asuras and particularly to Indra:
76“My wings have been cut (by you) with the thunderbolt of hundred spikes. How is it possible for me to go for realizing your purpose?”
77Then all Devas and Asuras praised the mountain. They then uprooted that incomparable and wonderful Mandara mountain.
78But, though they were desirous of taking it to the Milky Ocean, they proved incapable of doing it. The mountain fell on Devas and Daityas.
79Some were crushed. Some died. Some fell into a swoon. Some of them began to blame and censure and some suffered great pain.
80Thus, Asuras, Suras and Danavas failed in their attempt. When they regained consciousness, they eulogized the Lord of the universe:
81“Save us, save us, O great Vishnu, O lord compassionate to those who seek refuge. The entire world, mobile as well as immobile, is pervaded by you.”
82-83Then Bali appeared before them for the accomplish ment of the purpose of Devas. Vishnu who was seated on Garuda, saw them and suddenly and sportingly lifted up the excellent mountain and placed it on Garuda . Then, the lord granted all of them protection from fear.
84Rising from there (and taking leave of) those Devas, he took the old mountain to the northern shore of the Ocean of Milk. After placing it in the waters, he went away from that place.
85Then all those groups of Suras arrived there along with Asuras, taking Vasuki with then. Then they made the agreement.
86After making Mandara the churning rod and Vasuki the rope, all of them, Suras and Asuras, churned the Ocean of Milk.
87As the Ocean of Milk was being churned, the mountain sank deep into Rasatala. At that very instant, the Lord of Rama, Vishnu, became a tortoise and lifted it up. That was something really marvellous.
88When the mountain rotated, it was further pulled and pushed by Suras and Danavas. Now it rotated without any basis. Like the understanding without a preceptor.
89Vishnu, the supreme soul, then became the basic support of the Mandara mountain. With his four hands he gathered it up and churned pleasantly.
90Then all Suras and Asuras churned the Ocean of Milk after uniting together. Very powerful themselves, by uniting together, they became all the more powerful.
91The excellent mountain had adamantine strength. It rolled on the back, neck, thighs and the space between the knees of the noble-souled tortoise. Due to the friction of these two submarine fire was generated.
92The Halahala poison too emerged and it was seen by Narada. Thereafter, the celestial sage of uμmeasured splendour spoke these words:
93-94The churning of the ocean should not be carried on by you all now. O Devas, all of you pray to Siva . Have you forgotten the sacrifice of Daksha and what Virabhadra did there? Hence, let Siva be immediately remembered, O Devas. He is greater than the greatest; he is beyond the greatest. He is the embodiment of supreme bliss. He is worthy of beiag meditated upon by Yogins; he, has no form. (As a matter of fact) however, he is formless and unmanifest (or without diversity).”
95Devas were eager to achieve their purpose. Therefore, they hurriedly went on churning the ocean. All those who are overwhelmed by desires do not listen (to the advice of others), because they become irrational and stupid.
96They should not be given many pieces of advice and instructions. They are subject to Raga (desire) and Dvesha (hatred). All of them are averse to Siva.
97With their sheer continuous exertion, they churned the Ocean of Milk. Due to excessive churning, the poison called Halahala was generated from the Ocean of Milk .
98It was strong enough to burn down the three worlds. It came up to kill the heaven-dwellers. It went up still further and spread to all quarters. The entire sky was pervaded by it. The Kalakuta poison advanced to consume all the living beings.
99They observed the huge king of serpents grasped by their own hands. They left him there along with the mountain and then went (immediately) away. They fled along with Asuras.
100So also the sages beginning with Bhrigu, sages in hundreds (fled in all directions). It was like what happened at the sacrifice of Daksha.
101Earnestly urged by Bhrigu, all of them went to Satyaloka: “This poison Kalakuta will be quelled by means of various Vedic Sentences. O Devas, there is no doubt in this matter. It is true; I am speaking the truth unto you.”
102On hearing these words uttered by Bhrigu, all of them distressed by the poison Kalakuta went to Satyaloka and sought refuge in Brahma.
103Brahma saw the blazing Kalakuta with sparkling lustre. He found that Suras and Asuras were ignorant of their duties. He was about to curse them, but he was prevented by Narada.
104Brahma said: O Devas, what a wrong thing has been committed by you? Why has this explosive thing cropped up? It is lsvara’s anger. My speech cannot be otherwise.
105Thereupon. Surrounded by Devas, the Vedas, the Upanishads and the different kinds of Agamas, he proceeded ahead out of fear of the Kalakuta.
106Then, Devas who were worried said to to one another, “We are enveloped in Avidya (nescience) and lust. How can we do anything to Sankara?”
107Then Devas kept Brahma at their head and hurriedly went to Vaikuntha, because they were afraid of Kalakuta.
108Brahma and others as well as the groups of sages sought refuge in the great lord Vishnu, the primordial Purusha, the mighty lord who had resorted to Vaikuntha, Madhava, Adhokshaya. The groups of Suras and Asuras sought refuge in lord Vishnu.
109By that time, the great poison Kalakuta came there. After burning Brahma’s world at the outset, it burned Vaikuntha.
110Vishnu who dwells in the cavity of the heart of everyone, was burned by the fire of Kalakuta also with his attendants. Lmmediately he acquired the colour of Tamala.
111Vaikuntha also became blue in colour. It was surrounded by all the worlds. Hence, all the worlds became encircled by the poisonous substance from the waters.
112The wonderful poison of the waters reduced to ash the whole of the Cosmic Egg with its eight outer coverings and along with Brahma.
113There was no earth. No water, no fire, no wind, and no ether. There was neither Ahamkara (Cosmic Ego), nor Mahat (the Great Principle). There was no Mulavidya. On account of Siva’s wrath, the entire universe became reduced to ash.