Sukra curses Bali: Vamana grants boon to Bali ||19||
1Lomala said: On being addressed thus by his preceptor Bhargava, tho Daitya laughed and spoke these words in a voice as majestic as the (thundering) sound of the cloud:
2“l have been moved by those words with which I have been addressed by you for the sake of my welfare. Your statement may be for my happiness and welfare. But it is sure to go against my welfare.
3I will surely give what has been begged of (me) to Vishnu in the form of a Batu. This Vishnu is the lord of the fruits of all Karmans.
4-6Certainly, those people in whose heart Vishnu is stationed, are the most deserving persons. Everything seen in this world, is called holy by his name. This Hari is the lord of the universe. Vedas, Yajnas and these things beginning with Mantras, Tantras etc., become perfect and complete on account of him. Lord Hari, the soul of everyone has come here out of sympathy for me, in order to redeem me. There is no doubt about it. Understand this truthfully.”
7On hearing these words of his, Bhargava became furious . He began to curse the lord of Daityas, fond of virtue and piety:
8“O suppressor of foes, you wish to offer the gift, transgressing my directives. Hence, O stupid one, become devoid of good qualities; be rid of all your glory.”
9Thus (Sukra) cursed his noble-souled disciple, conversant with the ultimate truth and possessing unfathomable knowledge and understanding. Maha Kavi (“the Great Sukra”), the most excellent one among those who know virtue and piety, hastened to his own hermitage.
10When Bhargava had departed, Bali, the son of Virocana, worshipped Vamana and began to offer the earth.
11-12Vindhyavali, the resplendent better-half of Bali, came there and washed the feet of the Batu. He (Bali) gave the earth to Vishnu along with the rite of Samkalpa (“ritualistic proclamation of the intention”) as he was an expert in the procedure (for holy rites). By his determination, the unborn Lord increased in size.
13When the lord increased in size, the whole of the earth was covered with one of his steps by Vishnu who was powerful. All the Svargas (Heavens supposed to by twenty-one in number) were covered with the second step by that Supreme Soul.
14The foot of Vishnu that went as far as Satyaloka, was washed by Parameshthin (i.e. Brahma) with the water from his Kamandalu (“water-pot”).
15-16From the water that came in contact with his feet was. born (the sacred river) Bhagirathi who was auspicious unto all, by whom all the three worlds were rendered sacred and pure, all the Sagaras were uplifted and the matted hair of Sambhu was filled. By Bhagiratha the first and foremost of all the holy waters named Ganga was made to descend. It was connected with Vishnu’s foot by Brahma.
17The greatest Atman came to be known by the name Trivikrama, because of his three steps. Then all the three worlds were covered up by the steps taken by Trivikrama.
18-19Or (it is better to state that) the whole of this universe including mobile and immobile beings was completely covered up by means of two steps. Janardana, the lord of Devas, cast off that form (i.e. the cosmic size) and again assumed the form of the Batu. He took his seat (as before). At that time Devas, Gandharvas, Sages, Siddhas and Caranas came to the place of Bali’s Yajna in order to see the lord, the presiding deity of Yajnas.
20Brahma came there and eulogized the Supreme Spirit. Other leading Daityas also hastened to the place of Bali.
21Yamana sat there in the abode of Bali surrounded by all these. Then he said to Garuda:
22-23“In his childish ignorance, sufficient ground to be covered up by three steps was offered by him to me. Two steps have been taken by me. One step that had already been promised, this evil-minded fellow does not give me. Hence the third step must be taken up by you.”
24On being told thus by Vamana of great soul, Garuda rebuked the son of Virocana and spoke these words:
25“O stupid Bali, why is this despicable thing committed by you? When you do not have sufficient material what will you give to the Supreme Soul? Of what avail is a (show of) liberal mindedness by you, an insignificant person now?”
26On being told thus, Bali was overcome (by grief) but smilingly he spoke to Garutman, the lord of birds. the following words:
27-28“I am (really) capable, O (bird) of huge wings. I am not a miser. What can I give him by whom all these have been created? 0 dear one, I have been made incapable by this noble souled lord.” Then Garuda of noble mind spoke to Bali:
29“Indeed you know (everything), O lord of Daityas. You were prevented by your preceptor. Yet you offered the earth to Vishnu. Is this important thing forgotten by you?
30That step, the third one that has been promised to Vishnu must be given to him. How is it that you do not give it, O hero? You will fall into hell.
31How is it that you do not give the third step to my master? I will take it forcibly. O foolish one.” Saying this he bound the great Asura, the son of Virocana, by means of nooses of Varuna.
32Garuda, the most excellent one among conquerors, be came very ruthless (and did like this). On seeing that her husband had been bound, Vindhyavali came there .
33She placed (her son) Bana on one side and stood in front of Vamana. It was enquired by Vamana, “Who is this (lady) standing in front of me?”
34Then Prahlada of great splendour, the lord of the Asuras, spoke: “This is Vindhyavali, the chaste wife of Bali. She has come to you.”
35On hearing the words of Prahlada, Vamana spoke these words: “Say, 0 Vindhyavali, what shall I do for you?” On being told thus by the lord, Vindhyavali spoke:
36Vindhyavali said: What for has my husband been bound by the noble souled Garuda? Let it be explained immediately, O Janardana of exalted fortune? Then Hari of great splendour. who had assumed the guise of
a Batu said: The Lord said:
37Ground measured by three steps had been offered to me by him alone. The whole of the three worlds has been covered up by me with two steps.
38The third step has to be given to me by this (Daitya) your husband. Hence, O chaste lady, he has been bound by me through Garuda.
39On hearing the words of the lord, she spoke these great words: “What has been promised by him, O lord, is not given to you.
40-41All the three worlds have been covered up by you of valorous form. Therefore (everything) that we had in heaven as well as on the earth has been hindered and obstructed by you. That was why something has not been given to you, O Lord, O Lord of the universe, O Lord of Devas.” Then the lord laughed and said to Vindhyavali:
42“Three steps have to be given to me today. Why (were they not given) now? Tell me quickly, O lady of large wide eyes, what have you in your mind?” Then that chaste lady stood steady and said to Urukrama (“one of large step” i.e. Vamana):
43“Why was the whole of the three worlds, O lord of the universe, occupied by you with large steps? Therefore, O sole kinsman of the universe, has everything to be given to you of matchless form by us?
44Hence leave it off, O Vishnu and do thus now. Three steps had been promised by my husband now. My husband will give (those promised steps) now to you. You need not worry about it.
45-46Place a step on my head, O lord, the most excellent one among Devas. Place the second step, O lord of the universe, on the head of my child (Bana). Place the third step, O lord of the universe, on the head of any husband. Thus, I shall give you three steps, O Kesava.”
47On hearing her words, Janardana became delighted. He spoke these gentle and soft words to the son of Virocana:
48The Lord said: Go to Sutala, O lord of Daityas. Do not delay. It does not behove you to delay. Live long and be happy along with all the groups of Asuras.
49I am delighted and contented, O dear one. What shall I do for you? You are the most excellent one among all donors, O highly intelligent one.
50-51Choose a boon. Welfare unto thee. I shall give you everything you wish. On being told thus by Trivikrama, the son of Virocana was. released (from bondage) and embraced by the Discus-bearing Lord of Devas. Then Bali, an expert in the use of words, spoke these words:
52“It was by you that the whole of this universe consisting of mobile and immobile beings was created. Hence I do not wish for anything except your lotus-like feet, O Lord.
53Let my devotion be to your lotus-like feet, O lord Janardana. Let it flourish again and again, O lord of Devas. “Let my devotion (unto you) be everlasting.”
54Thus requested by him, the lord, the sanctifier of all living beings, became exceedingly pleased then and spoke to the son of Virocana:
55The Lord said: O Bali, go to Sutala surrounded by kinsmen and relatives. On being told thus by him the Asura spoke these words:
56“What have I to do in Sutala, O lord of Devas? Tell me. I shall stay near you. It does not behove you to say otherwise.”
57Then Hnikesa, the merciful (lord), said to Bali: “O King, I shall always be near you.
58O lord, I shall stand at the entrance to your (abode) and stay there perpetually. O Bali, the most excellent one among Asuras, be not afflicted and distressed. Listen to my clear and open statement. I shall be the bestower of boons on you. Along with the residents of Vaikuntha, I shall betake myself to your abode.”
59On hearing those words of Vishnu of matchless splendour, the Daitya went to Sutala surrounded by Asuras.
60He stayed there along with his hundred sons, the chief (eldest) of whom was Balla. The (Daitya) of great might was the greatest among all donors, their ultimate resort.
61All the beggars and mendicants of the three worlds went to Bali. Vishnu who stood at the entrance to his abode, granted to them whatever they desired to get.
62Some of them were desirous of worldly pleasures. Others were desirous of liberation. He gave them everything. He gave it to those persons in whose Yajnas they officiated as the Brahmana priests.
63-65It was by the favour of Sankara that Bali became thus . In his former birth as a gambler, fragrant flowers, scents and other great things that had fallen on dirty ground were offered by him to the great Atman. What had fallen down was dedicated to Siva, the great spirit by him. What then in the case of those who worship Mahesvara with the greatest devotion? Those who devoutly offer sweet scents. flowers, fruits or even water go to Siva’s presence.
66-67There is no greater (deity) worthy of being worshipped than Siva. Those who are dumb, blind, lame and sluggish, those who are devoid of nobility of birth, Candalas, dog-eaters and even low-born mean fellows, always attain the greatest goal if they are engaged in devotion to Siva.
68Hence Sadasiva should be worshipped by all learned men. Sadasiva should be worshipped, adored and venerated.
69Those who are aware of the ultimate truth think about Mahesa stationed in the heart. Wherever there is the individual soul, Siva too dwells there.
70Everything without Siva becomes inauspicious instantaneously. Brahma, Vishnu and Rudra-these carry on their activities through the Gunas.
71Brahma possesses Rajas Guna. Vishnu has Sattva Guna. Rudra resorts to Tamas Guna. Mahesvara is beyond all the Gunas.
72Mahadeva should be worshipped in the form of Linga by those who desire salvation. There is no greater bestower of worldly pleasures and liberation than Siva.