Sankara’s revelation of himself to Parvati: Their dialogue ||22||
1Sura said: On being told thus by Vishnu, the Parameshthin, all of them went ahead desirous of seeing the Pinaka-bearing Mahesa.
2On the other shore of the Ocean, Sambhu was engaged in supremely profound meditation seated in the pedestal of Yogic posture. He was surrounded by the Ganas.
3As a sacred thread he was wearing Vasuki, the king of serpents, as well as the Nagas Kambala and Asvatara on his chest.
4Karkotaka was worn by him in the ears as ear-rings and Pulaha as bangles round his arms.
5He appeared brilliantly shining with Sankhaka and Padmaka as his anklets. Suras saw the blue-throated mysterious lord, the most excellent one among Devas, white in complexion like camphor and accompanied by the bull.
6Then Brahma, Vishnu, the Sages, Devas and Danavas eulogized him with various hymns from the Vedas and the Upanishads.
7-9Brahma said: Obeisance to Lord Rudra, the destroyer of Madana; to Bharga of plenty of excellence and fortune; to the three-eyed lord of heaven; to Bhima (the terrible one) enveloped in rays. O Sesa-sayin (lord identical with Vishnu lying on the serpent Sesha), obeisance, obeisance to you. Obeisance to the three-eyed creator of the universe having cosmic form. You are the creator of all the worlds. You are the father, mother and the lord. You are endowed with the greatest mercy. O Supreme Lord, protect us.
10-11While Devas eulogized thus, Nandin asked them: “What have you come for? What is in your mind?” They said: “We have come to request Sambhu regarding (accomplishing) the task of Devas.” In order to accomplish the task of Suras, Mahadeva who was engrossed in meditation was informed by Nandin, the noble-souled son of Silada:
12-14“The groups of Suras beginning with (headed by) Brahma, the groups of gods and Siddhas, O most excelJent one among Suras, are particularly desirous of seeing you. They are seeking (your help) in their task. They are being threatened by the excellent Asuras and are being tormented by enemies. They have come here. Hence, O lord of Devas, Suras must be protected now by you.” Thus, O Brahmanas, Sambhu was informed by Nandin.
Sambhu of excessively furious nature, gradually came back (to normal state) from his spiritual trance. The great lord, the Supreme Atman said:
15Mahadesha said: O highly fortunate ones, what have you come here for? These Devas beginning with Brahma have come near me. Tell me the reason for the same now (itself).
16-18Then Brahma spoke about the great task of Devas: “O Sambhu, an extra-ordinarily painful and distressful situation has been created by Taraka for Devas. O lord, we have come here to respectfully inform you about it. O Sambhu. he can be killed by a son born of you. Taraka, the enemy of Devas, can be killed only thus. My word cannot be otherwise. So, O lord Sathbhu, Girija should be held by you with your right hand (in marriage)
when offered by the Lord of the Mountains. Make her (your wife) by marriage, O lord of great magnanimity.”
19-20On hearing the words of Brahma, Siva said laughingly: “(If and) when the most beautiful daughter of the Mountain is made my wife by me. all the leading Suras, sages and ascetics will become passionate and lustful. They will be incapable of traversing the great path (of salvation).
21-22Indeed, Madana has been burnt by me for the purpose of accomplishing the task of all. The slim daughter of the Mountain. Parvati of excellent waistline, has been already authorized by me then. O Brahma, she will revive Madana back to life. There is no doubt about it.
23Having this in view deliberation on what is to be done should be had, O Devas. A great and important work of Suras was accomplished by Madana when he was burnt.
24-25All of you have been undoubtedly made free from lust by me. By putting in effort, all of you, O Suras, can become endowed with the greatest power of penance, just like me. We can accomplish even difficult tasks (thereby). All of us shall become happy and blessed with the greatest bliss.
26You (can achieve everything) through penance. This has been forgotten by Madana, Kama leads to hell. It is from it (Kama) that anger is produced.
27Confusion and bewilderment result from anger. The mind whirls on account of this bewilderment. Both lust and anger should be avoided and abandoned by you all, excellent Suras. All of you should honour and abide by my advice and not otherwise, anywhere.”
28Announcing thus the Bull-emblemed Lord enlightened Suras, the groups of sages and ascetics.
29Sambhu became silent and resumed his meditation once again. As before, he remained there surrounded by the Ganas.
30On seeing (the lord) engrossed in meditation, Nandin dismissed all those Devas including Brahma and Indra, saying to them laughingly:
31“All of you go along the path you have come by. Do not delay.” Thinking that it should be so, all of them went back to their respective abodes.
32When all of them had gone away, Bhava (Siva) engaged himself in meditation keeping the Atman within the Supreme Atman and starting his thoughtful concentration.
33The Lord identified himself with the Supreme Being that is greater than the greatest, that is very clean, free from all impurities, that has no hindrance whatsoever, that is unsullied, commits no fallacies and in which even poets and learned men lose their sense and become confounded.
34No sun illuminates it, nor the fire nor the moon nor any other luminous body . No wind (blows over it). It is not the object of thought or deliberation. It is beyond the subtle ones and the subtler ones.
35It cannot be specifically pointed out. It is unimaginable. It is devoid of all aberrations. It is free from ailments. It is in the form of pure knowledge. Those who set aside (and renounce everything) go there (i.e. attain it).
36It is beyond all words and sounds, having no Guttas or decay and decline. It is (of the form of) the pure existence comprehensible through perfect knowledge. It is not easy to attain. It is that real thing which is mentioned by the Agamas that are superior to the Vedas and constitute the Mantras.
37The Pinaka-bearing·Lord, the Bull-bannered lsvarat by whom the Shark-bannered (god of Love) was directly killed and who was Isvara performing the penance, identified himself with the Supreme Being.
38Lomasa said: At that time the goddess Girija performed a very great penance. By that penance even Rudra reached the height of fear.
39By means of her great penance goddess Parvati conquered Sambhu, the bcstower of all wealth, Sthanu the sole being having his own form.
40-44When the Bull-bannered Lord was won over by means of her penance by the goddess. the Pinaka-bearing Lord of Devas became shaken from his spiritual meditation. He hastened to the place where Parvati was staying. There he saw the goddess surrounded by her friends and attendants. She was seated on an altar. She resembled the digit of the moon. immediately after seeing her, the god became a Batu . In the form of a Brahmacarin (young celibate) Lord Bhava, the great Lord went in the midst of the attendants (of Parvati). The Lord in the form of a Batu spoke to them: “Why is this lady of slender body, beautiful in every limb, seated in the middle of the attendants? Who is she? Whom does she belong to? From where has she come? Why is this penance being performed? Let everything be described to me now, O friends, exactly as it has happened.”
45-47At that time Jaya told Rudra about the ultimate cause of the penance: “This is the daughter of the Himalaya
Mountain. She is desirous of getting Lord Rudra as her husband by means of penance. She sat here and performed a very great penance which cannot be excelled by anyone else. O Batu. Understand my words. They cannot be otherwise (i.e. are perfectly true).
48On hearing her words, Mahesa in the form of a Datu laughed and said thus, even as all the attendants were listening:
49“O friends, this ‘Parvati is foolish indeed. She does not know what is beneficial and what is not beneficial. Why should a penance be performed for the attainment of Rudra?
50That Skull-bearing fellow is inauspicious. He has the cremation ground as his abode. He is Asiva (inauspicious) but he is spoken of as Siva (the auspicious one) in vain.
51If Rudra, wooed by her were to join her, O friends, this slim lady will undoubtedly become inauspicious.
52By Daksha’s curse, he has already become deformed. This rogue has been excluded from Yajnas. Highly poisonous serpents have become the very limbs of Sarva.
53Rudra (smears himself) with the ashes of dead bodies; he wears the hide of an elephant as a cloth. He is very inauspicious. He is always surrounded by Pisacas (vampires), Pramathas (ghosts) and Bhutas (goblins).
54What has this lady of delicate features to do with Rudra? She is as though desirous of putting an end to her life like a Pisaca. Let her be prevented by (you, her) friends.
55-56She is setting aside Indra who is charming, Yama who has great lustre, Nairrta of large eyes, Varuna the lord of waters, Kubera, Pavana (the Wind-god) and Vibhavasu (the Fire-god).” Paramesvara said these and many other similar words in the place where she (Girija) was engaged in penance even while her friends were listening.
57On hearing these words of Rudra, in the form of a Batu, the chaste lady Siva became angry with Mahesa who had assumed the form of a Batu.
58“O Jaya, O chaste lady Vijaya, O beautiful Pramloca, O highly fortunate Sulocana, what has been done to me is not proper indeed!
59What have you all to do with this Batu, here now? A censurer of Devas has assumed the form of a Batu and come here.
60Let this boy be dismissed, dear friends. Of what avail is he?” (After saying this) she angrily spoke to Rudra who was in the form of a Batu.
61“O Batu, go away quickly. You must not stay here now. Of what use is your non-sensical talk? It does not serve any purpose.”
62-63Even after being rebuked by her thus, the Batu stood there itself steadily, laughed and spoke these words to Vijaya slowly and the usefully without delay: “O slim lady, why is she angry? What is the reason thereof?
64Only that should be spoken to all which is nice, pleasing. Why was that slender-bodied lady rendered furious be the aforesaid (true) words?
65He who is called Sambhu in this world is a mendicant, fond of mendicants. The anger would have been justified if a lie had been uttered by me.
66This girl has lovely features but Sadasiva has ugly and hideous features. This lass has (lovely) large eyes but Bhava has deformed (uneven-three) eyes.
67How can she be fascinated by Rudra of such features as these? The husbands of women should be fortunate and always fond of love-making.
68This girl has all good qualities in her. How is she charmed by one devoid of any quality? By whom has not Siva been heard. seen or understood ?
69Sadasiva is difficult of access to all living beings who are swayed by love. This lady of excellent waistline has become rather proud of her great penance.
70Sthanu is always devoid of restraint. How will she attain him as her husband? O lady of large eyes, what has been said by me for which you are furious now?
71As long as there is anger in men and particularly in women, the whole of the merit acquired by them will become reduced to ash on account of that anger.
72-73O slim and chaste Jady, what is said is true. Kama (love), Krodha (anger), Lobha (greed), Dambha (arrogance),
Matsarya Uealousy), Himsa (violence), lrshya (envy) and Prapaanca (fraud)-everything (good) perishes on account of these bad qualities. Hence it is proper on the part of ascetics to avoid love, anger etc.
74If at all Isvara is to be meditated on, he should be meditated on in the middle of the heart by learned men in the form of pure knowledge. Then he should be adored strictly adhering to the regular practice of sages by the ascetics. He should not be thought of otherwise.”
75On hearing these words of Sambhu, Vijaya spoke to Sarva: “Go away. There is nothing to be done here by you. O childish one, do not speak any other word.”
76Thus Vijaya who was efficient in the use of words dismissed Sadasiva who had assumed the form of a Batu and was engaged in arguments and disputes.
77-80Mahesa suddenly vanished from there. But he appeared again to Girija alone without being seen by any of those friends and attendants. Paramesvara assumed his own form and appeared in front of her suddenly. When the goddess meditated upon him in her heart, the lord of Devas stationed in her heart appeared in front of her before her physical eyes, in the same form as she meditated upon. That chaste lady opened her eyes. Girija of large wide eyes saw the lord of the chiefs of Devas, the great lord of all the worlds, with a single face and two arms. He was wonderfully clad in elephant’s hide. He had matted hair with the crescent moon above it. He had covered his body with the skin of an elephant.
81The great serpents Kambala and Asvatara were stationed in his ears (as ear-rings). The lord of great lustre had Vasuki, the king of serpents, as a necklace.
82Even the bangles were made with serpents. These bangles of great value were made by Rudra very splendid and refulgent.
83Sambhu who appeared like this in front of Parvati, hurriedly spoke to her: “O beautiful lady, choose your boon.”
84-86Overcome by great shyness, the chaste lady said to Sankara: “O lord of Devas, you arc my husband. Has this been forgotten by you that formerly you had destroyed Daksha’s Yajna and the reason why it had been destroyed, O lord? I am the same woman now born of Mena for the sake of the accomplishment of the task of Devas , regarding the slaying of Taraka, O lord of the chiefs of Devas. A son will be born of me to you.
87Hence, O Mahesvara, my suggestion should be carried out by you. You must go to Himavan. You need not hesitate in this matter.
88Accompanied by the sages, you request him for my hand , O Mahadeva. There is no doubt about it that my father will act according to your request.
89Formerly when I was Daksha”s daughter, when I was given to you by my father, the marriage rite was not performed by you in accordance with the injunctions laid down (in scriptures).
90The Planets were not worshipped by the noble souled Daksha. As it had been a matter concerning the Planets, the defect therein was very great.
91Hence. it behoves you, O lord of good holy rites and great fortune, to perform the marriage rite in accordance with the injunctions for the accomplishment of the tasks of Devas.”
92-96Then Mahadeva said to Girija laughingly: “The entire great universe consisting of mobile and immobile beings, that is born was by its very nature deluded by you and enveloped by the three Gunas . O Parvati, the principle of Mahat was born of Ahamkara (i.e . Cosmic Ego), Tamas was born of the principle of Mahat. Ether was enveloped by Tamas. Vayu was born of Ether; Agni was born of Vayu. Waters were born of Agni and Earth was born of waters. The earth and other (elements) arc mobile as well as immobile, O lady of excellent face. Everything that is visible is perishable. Know this, proud lady. The one being has become many. The being devoid of Guna has become enveloped by Gunas. The self-luminous one that blazes always, has become joined with Parajyotsna (great Moonlight). The independent one has become dependent. O goddess, a great thing has been achieved by you.
97-102The entire universe has become pervaded by Maya. By means of the great intellect, it has been thoroughly comprehended. It had been covered up by groups of lndriyas (sense organs) by persons of good deeds, the souls of all oriented towards the highest good. (obscure) What arc those planets? What are those groups of stars? What things created by you are affected? Everything has been set free, O lady of excellent complexion, for the sake of Sarva. Our manifestation takes effect in the context of the Gunas and their effects (products). Indeed, you are the Prakrti of the nature of Rajas, Sattva and Tamas. Hence you are capable of action continuously (i.e. are ever active). O lady of excellent middle, I am not. I will not go to Himavan. I will not request at all. By uttering the word give a man attains insignificance and disrespect immediately. Understand these things, O gentle lady, and say what should be done by us at your bidding. O gentle lady, it behoves you to say everything. On being told thus by him, the Jotus-eyed chaste lady said:
103“You are the Atman, l am Prakrti. There is no doubt about it. Still, O Sambhu. the great rite of marriage alliance should be performed.
104The physical body is produced by Avidya. You are the great Being devoid of physical body, indeed. Still adopt a covering in the form of a physical body in this manner.
105At my instance, O Lord Sambhu, create diversity and manifoldness. Request for me (my hand) and grant me (coniugal) felicity.”
106On being told thus by her to follow (the conventions of) the world. the noble-souled Mahesvara accepted (her suggestion) saying “So be it” and laughingly went to his own abode (where) he was adored duly by the excellent Devas.
107-108In the meantime, Himavan who was in a hurry to see Parvati came there along with Mena, his wife, surrounded by his sons and (other) Mountains.
109Then Himavan was seen by Parvati along with the Mountains. The chaste lady stood up to honour him. She bowed down her head to her parents, brothers and all kinsmen.
110-111The Mountain Himalaya of great fame embraced his daughter and placed her in his lap. With tears in his eyes he spoke these sweet words: “What is being done by you, O chaste lady of great fortune? Let everything be told to us who desire to hear it.” On hearing those sweet words, she spoke to her father:
112“With great penance the destroyer of Madana has been solicited. My great task has been concluded, which is rather difficult for all to carry out.
113-114Mahadeva was satisfied. He came to woo (to grant the boon). Then Sambhu was told by me, How is my marriage being performed, O Sambhu, without my father now? Then the slayer of Tripura went away along the path he had come by.”
115On hearing those words of hers, he attained great joy. The virtuous-souled one spoke to his daughter once again, in the company of his own kinsmen:
116-117“We shall all go to our own abodes-we and all the Mountains. The Pinaka-bearing, Bull-emblemed Lord has already been propitiated by her.” So said all the Suras with Himalaya at their head. All of them together eulogized Parvati with glorious and reverential words.
118Even as she was being eulogized, Himalaya placed that lady of excellent complexion on his shoulders. All the Mountains eagerly surrounded her and brought her to his (Himalaya’s) abode.
119The divine Dundubhi drums were sounded. Conchs and many musical instruments were played.
120With a great shower of flowers she was brought home by him.
121She was duly worshipped by many of them. The ascetic lady shining with great splendour, was worshipped by Devas, Caranas, the great sages and all the groups of Siddhas.
122On being worshipped, the goddess said to Brahma, Devas, Pitris, Yakshas and all others who had come:
123“All of you who have come here. go to your respective abodes. Let Paramesvara be served to your fullest satisfaction.”
124Thus then, Parvati who had gone to her father’s abode, shone splendidly with great refulgence. She was adored by the excellent Devas, she who ever remained thinking of Sadasiva mentally.