Procedure of Expiation for Recluses (Sannyasins) ||18||
1Vayu said: Henceforth I shall explain decisively the expiations prescribed for ascetics for their (evil) actions done by them unintentionally. But people who know the subtle Dharma say that there are expiations for actions done out of lust or deliberately as well.
2Sin is proclaimed as threefold, according as it is born of (results from) speech, mind and body both by day or night continuously. By this the whole world is bound.
3The great Sruti declares that no man can stay without activities. In life every moment has to be spent in activity for its sustenance.
4One shall be self-possessed and un-erring. Yoga is the greatest strength. There is nothing seen to be greater than Yoga for men here. Hence, the wise who are endowed with piety praise Yoga.
5Intelligent and resolute men transcending ignorance through knowledge, attain excellent Aitvarya. Having discriminated between the greater and the lesser, they attain the highest region.
6Expiation is prescribed for the violation of any major or minor vow ordained for the mendicant.
7If he approaches a woman cut of lust, the expiation prescribed is that he shall perform the rite of Santapana, along with Pranayama.
8He shall follow the prescribed courses (of conduct) at the end of that expiation with mental purity. He should return to the hermitage and move about carefully as a mendicant. The wise people opine that words piercing the heart do not kill (?)
9However this should not be indulged in. For this results in cruelty. The Sruti says that there is no evil action (lasting) after a full day (i.e. day and night) (?)
10Violence is the greatest of evil deeds created by Devas and sages. What is called wealth is the veritable external life breath of a man. He who deprives any man of his wealth verily takes away his vital breath (life).
11-12By committing theft a wicked person shatters off his good conduct. He falls off from his vow. After repenting for this sin, he should perform Candrayana vow for a year in accordance with the injunctions of the scriptures, says the Sruti. At the end of a year his sin will practically diminish. If he repents again he should vigilantly observe his vow of mendicancy.
13Non-violence towards all living beings, mentally, verbally and physically (shall be observed). If a mendicant injures animals or deer even unintentionally, he should perform the expiatory vow of Krcchra, Atikrcchra or Candrayana.
14If due to the weakness of his organ, a recluse emits semen on seeing a woman, he should perform sixteen Pranayamas.
15In the case of a Brahmana who emits semen during day the observance of fast for three nights and performance of a hundred Pranayamas are prescribed for its expiation.
16If he has nocturnal emission of semen, he should take bath and perform twelve Dhdranas. He becomes pure in soul and free from sin by performing the Pranayama.
17Daily eating at the same house, use of honey, flesh and salt as well as feasting at Sraddha are forbidden for the ascetics.
18For the violation of each of these expiatory rites consisting of Prajapatya or Kricchra is prescribed. Then alone he becomes free from the sin.
19If there is any other violation, mental, physical or verbal, he should consult expert men (for deciding suitable expiation) and act according to their injunctions.
20A Yogin of pure intellect, looking upon a clod of earth and lump of gold alike, behaving with purity of mind towards all livings, attains the region of saintly people, which is unshakable, eternal and imperishable. After reaching there, he is not born again (is liberated from Samsara).