Names and Bodies of the Great Lord ||27||
1The sages said: The manifestation in this Kalpa of the noble-souled supreme Lord Rudra along with the spiritually aspirant sages has been mentioned by you. Now let us hear this in detail.
2Suta narrated: The origin of the primordial creation has been narrated by me briefly. Now I shall describe in detail the bodies and names of Lord Rudra.
3The supreme Lord begot of his wives several sons in the eighth Kalpa that has passed. Now listen.
4In the beginning of the Kalpa, while he was meditating about a son who should be his equal, there appeared in his lap a youth blue and red in colour. He held him who was blazing in brilliance and shouting terribly.
5On seeing him crying suddenly Brahma asked the child Nilalohita, “Why are you crying?”
6The boy said: “O grand-sire, at first give me a name”. “O Lord, you are named Rudra”. Though he was thus told, he cried again.
7“Why do you cry?” Brahma asked him again as he cried. The boy said to Brahma, “Give me a second name”.
8“O Lord, you are Bhava by name.” On being told thus he cried again. Brahma asked Sankara, “Why do you cry?”
9“Give me a third name”, he replied to him (Brahma). “O Lord! You are Siva byname”, he was told. But he cried again.
10“Why do you cry?” asked Brahma again as he cried. He told the self-born deity, “Give me a fourth name”.
11On being told “O Lord, you are Pasupati (the lord of Pasus-individual souls)”, he cried again. As he cried again, Brahma asked him, “Why do you cry?”
12When told, “Give me a fifth name”, he replied, “O Lord, you are Isa by name.” On being told thus, he cried again.
13“Why do you cry?” Brahma asked him as he cried. He told the Lord, “Give me a sixth name”.
14“O Lord, you are Bhima by name”. On being told thus he cried again. As he cried again Brahma said, “Why do you cry?”
15“Give me a seventh name”. On being told thus, he replied to him, “O Lord, you are Ugra by name”. On being told thus, he cried again.
16“Whydo you cry?” asked Brahma as he cried. “O Lord give me an eighth name”. When he was told, “You are Mahadeva by name”, he stopped (crying).
17After obtaining these names from Brahma, the Lord requested, “Assign bodies to these names”.
18-19Then the following bodies for these names were created by Brahma. These were the sun, the earth, water, fire, air, ether, the initiated Brahmana and the moon. These (eight) have their source in Brahma. Rudra should be worshipped and honoured in these bodies. Thus (honoured and worshipped) Rudra does not injure.
20-21Then Brahma spoke to the lord Nilalohita again: “To your second name declared as Bhava by me, the body shall be the waters”. When this was said, the stable element of the nature of Rasa (the lymphatic constituent in his body) entered water. Hence water is known as Bhava.
22The living beings are born of waters and purified by them (they are named Bhavas). Creation of beings is by means of production and purification.
23So none shall pass urine or evacuate bowels in waters. None shall take bath in the nude or spit into water.
24None shall indulge in sexual intercourse (in waters). None shall perform head bath. None shall look into water sportively while sailing by boat or standing still on the shore.
25Since waters form the sacred body of Bhava, they shall nowhere be defiled. One shall avoid waters small (in quantity) or discoloured, insipid or foul smelling.
26The ocean is the source of waters. Hence waters desire the ocean. On flowing into the ocean, waters became pure and nectarine.
27Hence one shall not obstruct waters that desire to flow unto the ocean. Lord Bhava never injures a person who behaves with waters always thus.
28Brahma then spoke to the lord, “To your third name which was mentioned as Sarva, let this earth be the third body.”
29When this was uttered, the firm and stable portion of the body called the bone (system) entered the earth. Hence the earth is called Sarva.
30Therefore no wise man should leave faeces or urine in the shade or on steps. He should not pass urine on his own shadow.
31He should evacuate the bowels after covering his head and the ground with grass. He who behaves thus to the earth is not injured by Sarva.
32-34Then Brahma addressed Lord Nilalohita: ‘To your fourth name designated as Isana by me, the wind shall be the fourth body. As soon as this was said, the wind (vital breath) which was stationed in him in five forms and is termed Prana entered Vayu. Hence Vayu is called Isana. So one should not censure or revile the wind, the Lord himself, as it blows violently.
35Then Brahma spoke to Lord Dhumralohita. To your fifth name Pasupati, let fire be the fifth body.
36When this was said, Agni (Fire-god) entered the fiery element in the body. Hence Pasupati is called Agni.
37The moon is called Soma. The group of medicinal herbs is its Atman. Mahadeva does not kill a person who, during the full moon or the new moon day, worships the lord thus.
38The sun protects people during the day and the moon at night. During one night (once in a month) the sun and the moon come together and that is the new moon day. One shall always be in communion with the lord on that day.
39All this (universe) is pervaded by these bodies and names (of Rudra). The sun that moves about all alone is also called the moon.
40It is due to the light of the sun that the people see with their eyes. Rudra, in the resplendent form of the sun, drinks water with his rays.
41Food and waters are eaten and drunk. The body (of Bhava) grows and flourishes by these.
42It is his body called earth with which he sustains all people with a stable mind. It is the body called Sarvi which sustains the subjects.
43As long as the gaseous body of Isana is stationed in the bodies of living beings along with the functions of the vital breath, it is the vital breath of beings.
44That which digests the food and beverages eaten and drunk, in the bellies of living beings, is called Pasupati’s power. It is called the digestive power.
45The pores within the bodies which are for facilitating the free movement of the wind, constitute the body called Bhima.
46The propounders of the Vedas initiated in sacrifices have their bodies in the form of Ugra. Ugra is, therefore, known as Diksita (initiated Yajamana).
47That which conceives and contemplates and exists equally among the people is the mental body. It is known as the moon abiding among beings.
48The moon is born again and again emerging fresh every time. It is led in accordance with their desire by Devas and Pitris. It is known as the great lord of nectarine nature, full of water.
49To the first body of the lord known as Rudra and symbolized by the sun, the wife is Suvarcala and the son is Sanaiscara (Saturn).
50To the second body of the lord known as Bhava and symbolized by water, the wife is Usa and Usanas (the planet Venus) the son.
51To the third body of the lord known as Sarva and symbolized by the earth the wife is Vikesi and Angaraka (Mars) the son.
52To the fourth body of the lord known as Tsana and symbolized by the wind, the wife is Siva and Manojava the son.
53The body of Pasuptati which is remembered (proclaimed) as Fire by the twice born, has Svaha for his wife and Skanda as the son.
54The ether (Akasa) is called the body Bhima, his sixth name. Quarters are remembered as his wives and Heaven (Svarga) as the son.
55To the seventh body of the Lord known as Ugra and symbolized by the sacrificer, the wife is Diksa (initiation) and Santana as the son.
56-57The eighth body of the great Lord is known as the Moon. His wife is Rohini and Budha is remembered as the son. They should be saluted and bowed with respective names to each body.
58By devotion to these bodies and the names of the Lord, viz. the Sun, the Waters, the Earth, Wind, Fire, Ether, Initiated Priest and the Moon, the devotee attains Sayujya with the Lord himself.
59Thus the secret glory of the terrible lord has been narrated to you. Welfare be unto us the bipeds. Welfare be unto our quadrupeds.
60Thus the origin of the bodies of Lord Mahadeva along with their designations has been recounted. Now listen to progeny of Bhrigu.