Progeny of Agni ||29||
1-2A mental son of Brahma was the deity identifying himself with Agni (the Fire-god) in the Svayambhuva Manvantara. Svaha bore to him three sons: Pavaka, Pavamana and Suci or Saura (solar fire).
3Pavamana is the fire which is obtained after churning (the Arani). Suci is remembered as the solar fire. Pavaka is the fire originating from the lightning. These are their (specific) abodes.
4Pavamana’s son is called Kavya-vahana. From Pavaka was born Saharaksa. Havyavaha was the son of Suci.
5Havyavaha is the fire of Devas. Kavyavaha is the fire of Pitris. Saharaksa is the fire of Asuras. These are (thus) the three fires pertaining to the three (viz. Devas, Pitris and Asuras).
6Their sons and grandsons are forty-nine in number. I shall mention their divisions separately by (stating their) names.
7Vaidyuta, the secular the fire, was the first son of Brahma. His son Brahmaudanagni was famous (by the name) Bharata.
8Vaisvanara and others were his sons. They were Mahar, Kavya and Apamrasa. Amrtawas first churned in the Puskara ocean by Atharvan. That Atharvan is the terrestrial fire. Dadhyan was Atharvan’s son.
9Atharvan shall be known as Bhrigu and Angiras as the son of Atharvan. Hence it is that the worldly fire Dadhyan was Atharvan’s son.
10Now the fire Pavamana1 which is remembered by the wise as Nirmantha (one generated by churning) should be known as Garhapatya fire from whom were born two sons.
11Sarhsya is the Ahavaniya fire, which is known as Havyavahana, His second son is named as Sukra who is consecrated by reciting sacred Mantras.
12Sabhya and Avasathya were the two sons of the fire Sarusya. Sarhsya Havyavahana which is known as the Ahavaniya fire by the Brahmanas loved sixteen rivers.
13-14They were Kaveri, Krshnaveni, Narmada, Yamuna, Godavari, Vitasta, Candrabhaga, Iravati, Vipasa, Kausiki, Satadru, Sarayu, Sita, Sarasvati, Hradini and Pavani.
15He divided himself into separate sixteen parts among them and deposited himself in those dhisnis,
16Dhisnis move about in the sky. Those that are born in them are called Dhisnis, they are proclaimed as Dhisnis as they are born in Dhisnis.
17Hence these sons of the rivers were born in Dhisnis, out of them some fires are Viharaniya (portable) and some are Upastheya (to be worshipped at their places or spots). Listen, I shall explain them succinctly and precisely.
18Ritu, Pravahana and Agnidhra are the Dhisnis in front. Others are ordained in accordance with their seats in the order of sacrifice on the day when Soma juice is extracted.
19Listen to the order of fires, the names of which are not mentioned before. The fire Samrat is the fire stationed on the second Uttaravedi.
20The Samrat fire is proclaimed as eight (fold in form?). Brahmanas worship them. Beneath it is the second Parsad fire.
21When the mantras “Pra tadvoce nabhah (VS. 33.9?) etc. are repeated four times that fire is conceived. The fire named Brahma-Jyoti-Vasu3 4 5 6 is spoken to have its abode in Brahma’s region.
22-23A fire having no association with the celestial or the sacrificial fires has an abode in the cremation ground. The terrestrial fire of the ocean is said to abide in Brahma’s region. The lustrous fire Rtudhama lives in the Udumbara wood. (Line repeated) the fire called Brahmajyoti Vasu is said to be abiding in Brahma’s region.
24Ajaikapat is the Upastheya fire. Its place is in front of the sacrificial hall. Ahirbudhnya is the Anuddesya (not kindled?). That fire is proclaimed as Grihapati.
25All the sons of Samsya fire are regarded asUpastheya by Brahmanas. I shall now explain the Viharanlyas and their eight sons.
26Kratu, Pravahana and Agnidhra are the Dhisnis there. On the day when Soma juice is extracted, they are carried to their spots.
27The fire which is remembered as the son of Pautra, that Havya-bearer is called fire Santi or Pracetas or Satya. It is the second fire.
28The fire Visvadeva is said to be at Brahmasthana. Avaksu, the son of Acchavaka, is conceived to be at the position of the earth (Bhu).
29The powerful fire Usira is regarded as the son of Nesthiya. The eighth fire Vyaratti is proclaimed as the son of Marjali (?).
30Dhisnyas are Viharanlyas (portable?) by Saumya(?) and another. Out of them that which is called Pavaka is the foetus of waters.
31That fire shall be known as “Avabhrtha” which is worshipped properly by oblations in the waters. The fire Hrcchaya is his son, it is the fire stationed in the belly of men.
32Manyuman, the scholarly fire, is the son of Jathara (Gastric) fire. Mutually kindled that fire is the lord of living beings.
33The son of the fire Manyuman is the terrible Samvartaka fire. That mare-faced fire stays in the ocean consuming its waters.
34Saharaksa is the son of the submarine fire. Saharaksa’s son Ksama burns human habitations.
35The fire Kravyada is his son. It consumes the dead. These are the sons i.e. descendants of the fire Pavaka.
36The fire Suci, son of the Sun, was kindled by Gandharvas and Asuras by churning the Arani wood.
37Lord Ayus is the fire consecrated in the animal. Mahi- man was the son of Ayus and his son was Havana by name.
38The fire that identifies (itself with it) in cooking and sacrifices is known as Savana. The son of the fire Savana was the famous Adbhuta.
39Vivici is known as the great son of Adbhuta. It always swallows the offerings in expiatory rites of sinners.
40Vivici’s son was ARika and his sons are Anikavan, Asrjavan, Raksoha, PitRikyt, Surabhi and Rukmavan. The latter abides in gold, jewels and other shining materials.
41The fourteen fires are the progeny of the fire Suci. These are called Vahnis. They are consecrated by reciting mantras in sacrifices.
42In the Manvantara called Svayambhuva, in the first Sarga (creation), these fires who were Abhimaninsi had passed away along with the Yamas, the best of Devas.
43In the previous Manvantara, these fires were those who identified themselves with their abodes called Viharaniyas, both sentient and non-sentient.
44These (fires) were assigned to the three types of Karmas, viz. Kamya (those depending on desire), Naimittika (occasional) and constant in the previous Manvantara they passed away along with the fair sens.
45-46Thus the abodes and the abiders have been explained by me. Through them alone, the characteristics of the fires of the past and future Manvantaras have been enumerated. All of them are remembered as ascetics, those who performed Avabhrtha bath, lords of subjects and luminous.
47In the seven Manvantaras from Svarocisa to Savarni, they shall be known through their different forms and purposes in all the Manvantaras.
48The present fires exist with the present Devas and the future fires with the future Devas.
49Thus the instruction about Fire-god has been imparted to you precisely. Now the account of Pitris (manes) will be told in detail and in due order.