The Divine Rivers ||42||
1Suta said: The divine rivers of holy waters have sprung from excellent lakes. These have great volume of waters. Listen to them in due order.
2What is called the moon (Soma) of the ocean of the firmament, the support of all living beings, is the reservoir of nectar for Devas.
3The celestial river of sacred waters springs from it (the reservoir or nectar). That river of clear transparent water flows through the sky through the seventh path of the wind.
4It turns back on reaching the mass of brilliance. It is resorted to by luminary bodies. It extends to the full length of the sky, with thousands of crores of stars.
5While the lordly elephant of lord Indra moves about in the firmament, he sportively agitates the water within it.
6When Siddhas pass through the sky in their aerial chariots (great many in number), they have a sip in the sacred and healing water of this river.
7Just as the sun revolves every day, so this river urged by the wind, flows through various places.
8It extends to eighty-four Yojanas all-round. It circumambulates the Meru with great velocity.
9The water currents are split by the fiery wind and the river falls upon the four northern peaks of Meru.
10After emerging on the excellent sides of ridges of these peaks of Meru, the waters, divided into four, flow thus.
11After flowing through the support less firmament for sixty thousand Yojanas, the glorious river falls through the four sides of Meru.
12This splendid, sacred river flowing through the four bases (feet) ofMeru, falls again on the eastern Mandara.
13-15The eastern branch of the river flows over the Mandara which is the abode of Devas and all the groups of Siddhas, which has many rivulets, caves, golden and variegated lands, ridges. It flows with the crystal-clear water that subdues the arrogance and valour of the side-bunds. It flows round the beautiful Caitraratha overflowing the path. This river of the firmament then enters the excellent lake Arunoda (Kara Kul, NE Pamirs).
16After coming out from Arunoda, the gently flowing river falls on the mountain Sitanta (Kashghar range) abounding in beautiful fountains. This mountain is the abode of (multitudes) of Siddhas.
17The sacred and excellent river is called Sita. Being held within the various groves and bushes, it is further divided into several branches.
18From the peek of Sitanta, it falls on the mountain Sukunja. From that mountain, it falls on the mountain Sumanjasa.
19Therefrom it falls on the mount Malyavan and comes to Vaikanka and from Vaikanka it passes to Maniparvata and then falls on the mountain Rsabha full of caves.
20Piercing through thousands of mountains thus, the river falls on the mountain Jathara resorted to by Siddhas.
21From there the river again falls on the Devakuta mountain, the lower part of which extends up to the sea. In this way, the river gradually reaches the plains.
22-24Thus flooding through thousands of valleys, hundreds of mountains, strange forests, a variety of lakes, the river, creating eddies in its expanses and joined by thousands of tributaries, flows over the great eastern continent Bhadrasva and falls into the eastern sea.
25-26The river (Alakananda) that flows over Gandhamadana, the lord of mountains in the south, has many waterfalls and splashes waves and ripples in various ways. It then irrigates the Nandana paRik, the pleasant resort of Devas. This blessed river then circumambulates the forests of Gandhamadana.
27It is known in the worlds as the Alakananda. It enters the northern lake Manasa which is as clear as the minds of Devas.
28From the Manasa lake, the river flows to the beautiful Trisikhara, the lord of mountains. From the summit of the mountain Trikuta, it falls on the peak of Kalinga (?) mountain.
29-30Falling from the peak of Kalinga, it flows on to the mountain Rucaka. From there it flows to Nisadha and then to Tamrabha. Falling from the peak of Tamrabha, it flows to mount Svetodara, thence to the lordly mountain Sumula and then to the mountain Vasudhara.
31From there it flows to Hemakuta and thence to Deva- srnga, thereafter it flows to Mahc.saila and then to Pisacaka mountain.
32From the excellent mountain Pisacaka, it flows to Pancakuta and from Pancakuta to Kailasa, the mountain residence of Devas.
33Whirling about in its bowels of caves and ridges, it falls on the excellent mountain Himavat.
34-35Piercing through thousands of mountains thus, it flows quickly irrigating hundreds of land surfaces. Then it flows through thousands of forests and hundreds of caves and falls into the southern sea.
36-37This river is one Yojana in breadth; it is hidden in the bowels of the peaks of mountain. It is held on head by noble-souled Sankara, lord of Devas. It is sanctifying, O leading Brahmana. It quells even terrible sins. By virtue of the contact with the body of lord Sankara, the great river has its waters rendered doubly sanctimonious in all the worlds.
38-40From all-round that mountain Himavat, through its many openings, thousands of rivers spring forth. They are known by other names. The river Ganga is resorted to by Siddhas and its waters are drunk by Rudras, Sadhyas, Anilas and Adityas. Blessed are the lands through which this great and reputed river flows.
41Now I shall describe the western side of Meru mountain which is holy and contains several mines of precious stones and which is resorted to by pious persons.
42-45Meru, the lord of mountains, is very massive with large bowels and caves. Its central region is embellished with tablelands, ridges and bushy growths. The water of this river is used by Devas and the river is held by the three-eyed deity. Urged by the wind, it flows far and wide, and whirls again like a creeper. It falls from the peak of Meru. Its water is used by many living beings. It is pure like the spotless silk and is Siddhas and Caranas on its peak, circumambulates the mountain and goes ahead.
46-47This blessed river of many flowers and fruits irrigates the great forests of Devabhraja, Mahabhraja and Vaibhraja. Decorated by various forests and circumambulating the mountain, it enters the western lake of pure waters, Sitoda.
48-49From Sitoda is goes to mount Supaksa. Again this river of holy clear water which is used by divine sages, falls from the peak of Supaksa. Thence this river of blessed waters falls on the Sikhi mountain.
50-53(The river flows from one mountain to another:) Thereafter the river flows from mountain Sikhi to mount Karika, thence to Vaidurya, then to mount Kapila and thence to Gandhamadana. From that excellent mountain it flows to Pinjara, the splendid mountain; from Pinjara it flows to Sarasa and from there it flows to Kumudacala mountain. It flows to the mountains Madhuman, Jana, Mukuta. From the peak of Mukuta, it flows to the great mountain Krshna, from Krshna it flows to the great mountain Sveta, served by (other) great mountains. From Sveta it ultimately comes down to thousand-peaked Sailendra, the lord of mountains.
54With its waters augmented by tributaries, this auspicious river denudes thousands of mountains. It then flows at full speed and falls on the great mountain Pariyatra.
55-57It glides among fountains, streams, caves and ridges. With numerous waves, it wanders through its many bowels. Its current is impeded by several rocks and boulders accidentally falling therein and its waters are split in various ways. It descends on the plains (the earth). The blessed river then irrigates the great continent Ketumala, populated by Mleccha tribes, and falls into the western sea.
58-60The great river flows through the support less auspicious firmament for a distance of sixty thousand Yojanas, throwing cascades of water like a garland being scattered. It falls from the peak of Meru, its waters being urged by the wind. Being cast in the sky, it takes a curved (circle-like body). It falls at the foot of Meru on the northern mountain Suparsva which is inhabited by living beings and whose flanks are variegated due to brilliant colours.
61 -64Then it drops from the ridges of the peaks resorted to by Devas and sages, with its waters scattered by flowery rafts. The blessed river irrigates and circumambulates the forest of the Sun-god which is the sylvan place of origin of variegated jewels. It then falls into the sacred lake Mahabhadra resorted to by blessed people. The beneficent white river is called Bhadrasoma. It flows rapidly and its shores are far apart. The great and holy river Mahabhadra flows thereafter.
65Flowing rapidly with many rivulets flowing into it, and dashing against many bunds, the river falls on the ridges of Sankhakuta.
66Falling down the ridges of Sankhakuta, it proceeds to Vrsa Parvata. From Vrsa Parvata, it flows then to Vatsagiri and then to Nagasaila.
67-71From Nagasaila, it reaches the excellent mountain Nila, the Varsa mountain. From Nila, it flows to Kapinjala, and then the river flows to Indranila, thereafter it flows to Mahanila, and Hemasrnga. From Hemasrnga it flows to Sveta, and from Sveta to Sunaga. From Sunaga, it flows to Satasrnga. Then the great river flows from Satasrnga to the flower carpeted Puskara. From Puskara to Dviraja, the great mountain of great strength (Sumahabala), From there, it flows to Varaha Parvata and the mountain Mayura. From the mountain Mayura the rapid river flows to Ekasikhara bedecked with caves and crevasses, and then to the peak of the Jarudhi mountain.
72After piercing (forcing its way) through thousands of mountains thus, the great river reaches Trisrnga, the boundary mountain with many peaks.
73-74Falling from the ridges of Trisrnga inhabited by blessed people this river of pure water falls off the ridges of Meru and urged by the wind flows to the excellent mountain Viruddha. After irrigating the mountain the river flows into the western ocean.
75-77On the wonderful great foot of Meru inhabited by living beings, on the northern mountain Suparsva whose sides are the sources of gold, the river falls into the bowels of caves, into various divisions and descends to the earth with wonderful flowery rafts. Irrigating the Northern Kuru region, the delightful auspicious river runs through the middle of the continent and flows into the northern ocean.
78In this way the four great rivers of pure waters, falling down the ridges of great mountains, flow into the four directions.
79Thus the earth of vast expanse I have almost explained to you. It is surrounded on all sides by Meru and other mountains.
80The earth has four great continents, four forests of sports, four great trees as the four landmarks and four excellent lakes.
81It has four great mountains and has four serpents for support, eight superior mountains and eight inferior.