Countries of the Jambudvlpa ||48||
1-4Suta said: Know that there is an ocean ten thousand Yojanas in extent to the south of Bharata. There is a country in it three thousand Yojanas long and one-third of it in breadth. It abounds in fruits and flowers. The regional mountain (Kula- parvatd) thereof is Vidyutvan, the innumerable peaks of which embellish the land. There are thousands of rivers there, with clean and tasty water. The lakes contain pure water.
5-7In the many long and wide caves, and crevasses of that mountain there are many prosperous jolly men and women of various shapes and features. In the many spacious and long and wide cavities (valleys?) are established hundreds and thousands of cities built into the mountain. These houses are joined to one another and have only a door each.
8The subjects thereof have long beards and moustache. They are black and shining like clouds. They have the maximum life span of eighty years.
9They eat fruits and roots and live like monkeys. Like cattle, they follow promiscuous, unconcealed sexual habits. They are devoid of bodily and mental purity and they have no fixed rules or conventions.
10That continent is full of worthless men. Similarly other countries and islets shall be known in due order.
11-14The groups of islands known as Peacock islands are extending to twenty, thirty, fifty, sixty, eighty and hundred Yojanas. There are a few, extending to a thousand Yojanas. They are long, wide and full of various living beings. Besides Jambu-dvipa there are six islands. These islands are famous all over the earth for their mines of gems and precious stones. They are known as Anga, Yama, Malaya, Sankha,Kusa and Varaha2 islands.
15Know ye that the Ariga Dvipa comprises islands, and many people of the Mleccha tribes live there. That continent is very large.
16There are mines of gems, corals and gold in that land here. It is variegated with rivers, mountains and forests. It resembles the vast expanse of the briny sea.
17-18There is a mountain called Cakragiri full of many rivulets and caves. The caves afford shelter to various living beings. That great mountain spreads on to many places in the Naga land with its extremities reaching the lord of rivers, the abode of serpents (ocean).
19What is called Yamadvipa is also full of mines of gems. There is a mountain called Dyutiman, embellished with minerals and is the source of many rivers and gold (mines).
20-21Similarly, the Malaya Dvipa is also surrounded by the ocean. It is the source of gems, jewels and gold. It is very prosperous. It is the place of origin of sandalwood and is surrounded by gulfs (lit. seas). Many kinds of Mleccha tribes live there. There are many rivers and mountains.
22The glorious mountain Malaya is the source of origin of silver. This excellent mountain is famous as Mahamalaya.
23It is known as the second Mandara mountain. The abode of Agastya, bowed to by Devas and Asuras, is also there.
24-25There is another mountain Kancanapada which is a second Malaya. There are many hermitages there, resorted to by pious persons and full of hedges of grass and Soma plants. It abounds in flowers and fruits of all kinds. It excels even the heaven. On festive occasions, on all Parvan days, heaven descends to that place.
26-28There is a great city Lanka on the beautiful ridge and peak of the mountain Trikuta decorated with different minerals. The mountain is many Yojanas in height. Its variegated precipices and caves resemble houses. The city has gold ramparts and archways. There are many mansions and palaces with turrets and gables of variegated colour. It is a hundred Yojanas long and thirty Yojanas broad. It is flourishing and the people there are happy and gay.
29It is the abode of noble Rakshasas who can assume various forms as they please. Know that to be the habitation of the enemies of Devas, proud of their strength. Free from all harassments, this city is inaccessible to human beings.
30In that island, on the eastern shore of the sea there is Gokarna, the great shrine of Sankara.
31Sankhadvipa is ruled as a single kingdom extending to a hundred Yojanas. It is the abode of many Mleccha tribes.
32The mountain Sankhagiri has the lustre of white conch shell. It is sacred and is the source of many gems. It is resorted to by pious persons.
33From this mountain rises the holy river Sankhanaga. Sankhamukha, king of Nagas, has his abode there.
34Similarly, the Kumudadvipa is brightened by variegated flowers. Full of many villages, it is the source of many gems and jewels.
35There the blessed sister of Mahadeva, named Kumuda, the destroyer of evil persons, is worshipped by the people.
36-38Similarly in the island called Varaha3, there is a beautiful mountain known as Varaha containing many caves, crevasses and rivulets. The island is densely populated by different Mleccha tribes and people of different castes. There are many habitations and cities flourishing and prosperous with wealth and food grains. It is full of righteous people. The rivers, mountains and forests thereof contain various kinds of fruits and flowers of various colours.
39A great river known as Varahi emerges from that mountain. Its waters are tasty. There are holy centres on its banks. This river is bestower of bliss.
40O Brahmana, the people bow to Vishnu the powerful deity in the form of a Boar. They do not honour any other god.
41Thus the six southern islands of the Bharata country have been described in detail.
42In this single Bharata there are many islands separated by the ocean. They have been divided into various parts.
43Thus have been described in details the four great continents adorned with islands interspersed in between as well as Jambudvipa together with its adjacent islands.