1Suta said: What is described as the root of the pericarp is seventy thousand Yojanas beneath.
2It is heard that a sphere of forty-eight thousand Yojanas encompassed by the lord of mountains is what is called Merumula (Root of Meru).
3In all the quarters, there are boundary mountains, the loftiest among thousands of mountains.
4-6They are beautified by hedges, caves, rivers and rivulets. They have many ridges like huge mansions shining with flowers. Their sides are beautified by minerals. Their flanks are decorated by clusters of flowers. Their peaks are golden brown. Many streams flow over them. All these mountains are richly decorated with gems. There are inimitable bowers with hundreds of birds resorting to them. Lions, tigers, Sarabhas (a mythological eight footed animal), Camari deer and elephants live there. They (boundary mountains) are bounded by mountain (ranges) of various shapes and colours.
7Each of the ten mountains is marked by the sun, lion and the black deer. They have three streams (?) flowing in and out.
8To the east of Meru are the two mountains Jathara and Devakuta which run north to south and stretch upto the Nila and Nisadha mountains.
9The Kailasa and the Himavat are to the south and north. Extending to the east and the west, they enter the sea.
10O excellent Brahmanas, now I shall tell you the diameter of Meru, the mountain of gold.
11Meru has four great ranges (legs) in all the four quarters. Held by them, the earth with her seven continents does not move.
12Their extent is ten thousand Yojanas. They shine with many gems and jewels of Devas, Yaksas and Gandharvas who reside there. Many rivulets flow from their rocky declivity and their beautiful caves.
13The tablelands of diverse colours and features shine with the clusters of flowers blooming around the slopes and ridges, abounding in red arsenic mines and yellow orpiment.
14The caves all round shine in diverse colours with gems and gold. The place abounds in vermilion, gold and minerals.
15They are decorated in corals set in variegated shapes and sizes of gold. There are abodes of Siddhas with hundreds of joints (storeys?) which are beautiful and delightful. They are dazzling all around with majestic palatial aerial chariots.
16To the east is the Mandara, to the west, the Vipula and to the north, the Suparsva.
17On thousands of their peaks, there are platforms of diamonds and Lapis lazuli, with trees of thousands of branches. With firm roots, they are well-established.
18They have thickly grown smooth dark leaves, with large fruits and flowers. They cover the ground with shade. They are very lofty.
19Four great trees which are the landmarks of the continent, have grown there. They are resorted to by Siddhas, Yaksas and Gandharvas.
20On the peak of mountain Mandara, there is a great tree Keturat (the king of banners) with hanging branches. There is a Kandara tree also.
21It is splendid with excessive fragrant, full-blown flowers as big as a pitcher, with filaments spread out. They bloom in all seasons.
22Wafted by the gentle wind, the fragrance fills up the quarters to more than a thousand Yojanas around.
23-25O Brahmanas, the continent Bhadrasva is well- known as Varaketu. Here Vishnu is directly worshipped by groups of Siddhas. Formerly Hari (Indra), the most excellent among Devas, riding a white horse and accompanied by a group of Rudras, travelled over the entire continent. O leaders of Brahmanas, the continent is, therefore called Bhadrasva.
26There is a Jambu tree (Rose Apple) on the top of the southern mountain. It is resorted to by Devas. It ever blooms and bears fruits. It shines with garlands of flowers.
27Its roots and branches are very extensive. Its branches are of pleasing colours. The tree is always bedecked with fresh flowers, fruits and branches.
28The sweet and soft fruits of huge size falling on the peak of the mountain are nectar-like in taste.
29From the tableland on the top of this excellent mountain, flows the river Jambu with currents of honey.
30Gold known as Jambunada, with the lustre of burning fire, is formed here. It is the incomparable ornament of Devas and the destroyer of sins.
31Devas, Danavas, Gandharvas, Yaksas, Rakshasas and Pannagas (serpents) drink the honey, the juice exuding from the Jambu tree which is as sweet as nectar.
32That eternal Jambu tree which is well-known in the world is the landmaRik in the southern continent. The continent is called Jambu dvip a after its name.
33A great Asvattha tree grows on the peak of the great western mountain Vipula.
34It has hanging garlands, and golden platforms set with gems. Its trunk and branches are very lofty. It is the abode of many living beings. It abounds in good qualities.
35That tree is the land mark of the people of Ketumala. It is embellished with auspicious fruits growing in all seasons. They are of the size of big pots and very pleasing. The tree is resorted to by Devas and Gandharvas.
36How the continent came to be known as Ketumala, O great Brahmanas, hear. I shall tell you the etymology of the name.
37-38After the churning of the milk ocean the Daityas were defeated; on being pressed in the tumult of the battle, when the trees shook, a garland wreathed by the thousand-eyed lord Indra was put round the trunk of that Asvattha tree (as a form of worship).
39It still retains its excessive fragrance. It never fades. It bestows all desires. That blessed garland is worshipped by Siddhas and Caranas.
40The garland, as it were a flagstaff bestowed by Indra, shines in a divine way. Blown by the wind, it wafts pleasing fragrance.
41Symbolised with the two names (Ketu and Mala) joined together, the continent is known as Ketumala. It lies in the western region. It is very extensive, well known here as well as in the heaven.
42On the northern peak of the mountain Suparsva, a great fig tree grows up with extensive branches. It covers an area of many Yojanas.
43It is resorted to by Siddhas and Caranas. From its branches clusters of garlands of sweet fragrance hang loose. It shines with them.
44This tree is the landmark of the northern Kuru country. It shines with fruits full of honey. The fruits resemble the coral cup.
45Seven mental sons of Brahma, the blessed younger brothers of Sanatkumara, stay there. They are known as Kurus.
46They attained (spiritual) knowledge in that region. They are characterised by piety and good qualities. They are of meritorious fame. This eternal, imperishable, great region has been attained by them.
47This continent has derived its name from those seven great souls. The northern Kurus1 are famous here and in the heaven for ever.