The categories of “animal”, vegetable, and mineral ||62||
1The thought of the querist is subtle and can be understood (only) by thought, meditation, and concentration; (for) it is to be characterized by modifications (in the conditions of) the planets and signs. (But now) I will describe it in its connections with the material objects used in medicine.
2This thought has been said by the great (sages) to be threefold: mineral, vegetable, and “animal.” Their rule, then, is to be established both forwards and backwards by the use of explanations.
3They know that the Sun and Mars (represent) minerals, Saturn and Mercury plants, and Jupiter and Venus animals; the Moon possesses (material medica) having the nature of its position.
4In each sign there are (three) Decanates belonging in order to (three planets); but these three Decanates arc connected in reverse order with these (three planets’) categories (yoni).
5The Sun is to be established as mineral in the odd vargas, and so likewise the Moon in the even ones. If an odd sign is in the ascendant, the order (of categories) begins with mineral; if an even sign, with “animal.”
6In an even sign, one multiples the number of navamsas traversed by the Sun by the number of navamsas in the zodiacal circle (108); (the product) is added to the number of navamsas in the ascendant-sign which have risen above the horizon at the time (of the query); (and this sum is divided by three).The remainder exactly indicates whether (the substance) is mineral (0), vegetable (1), or “animal” (2).
7(If it is indicated that the substance is mineral), divide the degrees within the sign (traversed by the Sun) by two, and take the remainder; for the class of minerals is of two sorts: “bright” (dhamya) (0) and “dull” (adhamya (1). The “bright” (dhamya) metals (loha) are of six kinds; so, because of the use of the collection (of degrees in the sign), there are 180 (possibilities) (3 x 60 = 6 x 30).
8Divided by 6, (the “bright” minerals) are gold, silver (rupya), tin (trapu), lead (sisa), copper (tamra), and iron (krsnayas).
9If Venus, one should say it is a pearl; if Mercury, an alloy (yukta); and if Saturn, a (steel) blade.
10If in the second or third (place), they know it is an alloy (yukti); but if (the planet) is in its own house, the metal of the Pisacas (Pisacaloha).
11They say that the “dull” (adhamya) minerals are: red arsenic (manahsila), cinnabar (hinguluka), sorrel (7) (amlasala for amlasaka ?), a fragrant earth from Saurastra (surastrajata), mineral salts (rasaka), ointments (panka), ungents (anjana), and powdery stuffs (balikaya samana);
12Cingidas (?), (substances) like candied sugar (sarkara), green sulphate of iron (kasisa), clay (mrd), slime (kardama), red chalk (gairika), sulphuret of iron (tapya), and pyrite (maksika)-minerals which are useful for being added to medicines.
13Having enumerated these minerals and separated the rest from them, one should say that they are called “dull” (adhamya); examining this, I will establish the words which designate (the appropriate “dull” minerals) when (each of) the planets exercises its full influence.
14If Mars does so, they say it is cinnabar (hinguluka); if Mercury, red arsenic (sila) and yellow arsenic (ala); if Jupiter, sulphurate of iron (tapya); if Venus, betal-nuts and candied sugar (?) (cikkanasarkara); if the Sun, copper (tamra) and mineral salts (rasaka) ;
15If the Moon, white (substances) in the earth or water; and if Saturn, jingida (?) and rocks. As the planets are mixed up, so it is with varieties of compounded minerals in the “dull” (adhamya) category (yoni).
16The category (yoni) of plants, in enumeration, consists of: reeds (nala), roots (mula), bulbs (kanda), trunks (gandi), creepers (lata), creepen (valli), thickets (gulma), bark (tvak), leaves (patra), flowers (puspa), and fruits (phala);
17Grasses (trna), grains (dhanya), molasses (iksusara), juices for the production of resins (niryasa), vegetables (saka), flowers (puspa), herbs (osadha), fragrant herbs (gandhausadha), extracts (dravya), and poisons (visa).
18Having enumerated these and disregarded the rest, one should tell the attainment of (different) varieties of plants; one should know that here also the (particular) substance is determined by the lord of the house which is strongest.
19If it is Mars, they say the plant is hot and acid; if the Sun, it is a bitter, sharp, and poisonous herb; if the Moon, it is cold, sweet, and aquatic – a flower which is soft, smooth, and sappy;
20If Jupiter, they are hard grains, oily and with acid fruits; if Venus, they say it is a sweet, oily fruit which smells good and is brightly coloured;
21If Mercury, the plants are caused to arise from bark, leaves, and exudations, or are fragrant vegetables; and if Saturn, one should know they arc the stinking substances of sudras and such things as garlic (lasuna).
22When the nature of the plant (is determined by) Jupiter’s being in its own varga, one should know that the clothes (made from plant-products) are durable; those of Venus are the brightly colored (garments) of women; those of Mars are clothes used as armour or as a protective covering;
23Those of Mercury are the garments of youths or green-colored linens; those belonging to the Moon are the heavy, cotton (clothes) of women;
24If the Sun (is significant), one should know they are hairy woolens; and if Saturn, hides. But if the planet is in its exaltation, the garments are silk; if it is aspected by Venus, colored cloths;
25If (by) Jupiter, they are pieces of colored woolen cloth used as bandages or stop-signs on the road and fastened by pins; and if it is in its depression or in an enemy’s house or if it is overcome or aspected by an enemy, then they say it is the hem of the lower garment of a beggar.
26The category (yoni) of the varieties of plants has thus been declared; now hear the variegated category (yoni) of “animals.” The gods say that animals, men, and gods have distinctive motions.
27By some “animals” are established as (being of three types): having no feet, having many feet, and having several feet; one should know that the places (in which they move) are also threefold: water, earth, and atmosphere.
28Also there is universally said to be a triad of genders: female, male, and neuter. Having enumerated these things and disregarding the rest, they say that “animals” are to be characterized by these rules.
29When the most auspicious planets are in the cardines, one should say they are gods; when the malefic planets are strong, animals. When a mixture (of benefit and malefic planets) is in the human signs, the category (yoni) of humans is spoken of;
30When in the animal signs, one should say animals; and when in the forest signs, they belong to (the category of) forest-creatures. If malefic planets are in the animal signs, they say it is the category (yoni) of footless creatures.
31For (the sake of completing) what has been learned in order, there is a category (yoni) of the reanimated (vijiva) (after death); if the benefit planets are in their exaltations or houses, they say (the querist) is thinking of those who have gone to the gods; if the malefic planets, of Yaksas, Asuras, or Raksasas.
32When the category (yoni) of humans is good, one should know that (he is thinking of) kings because of the Sun, warriors because of Man, wise men (vaidya) because of Jupiter, leaders because of Venus, men with families (kutumbin) or those delighting in crafts and business because of Mercury, slaves because of Saturn.
33And types of men (which vary) according to the lord of the sign (in which it is) because of the Moon. And one should understand that the qualities (of these men) are produced by the positions of the lords of the signs and distinguished by their peculiar characteristics.
34If they are animal signs and the category (yoni) of animal is effected, then they are indeed animals (not men) ; they are characterized by means of the lords of the signs, or by the planets in the signs, or by the lords of the other signs.
35The lord of a sign establishes its own category (yoni) among (animals) pertaining to towns, forests, mountains, or water (depending on the nature of the sign); when it is in another’s house, it modifies (that sign’s qualities with qualities) pertaining to its own house; and when it is in its own house, (it modifies that sign’s qualities) with its own qualities.
36The lord of a forest sign in the town signs effects a modification similar to its (the forest sign’s) category (yoni); and similarly the lord of a town sign in a forest sign causes a modification which is similar to that sign’s (i.e., the town sign’s) characteristics.
37Thus, examining their modifications of each other’s places (effected by the planets) which are in water signs, forest signs, or hole (insect) signs, one should know the animals which arise; this is the practice also with respect to the categories (yoni) of humans and gods.
38Seeing which Decanates in the (ascendant-)sign is on the horizon or which planet is strongest, (the astrologer) who is clever in the rules regarding thoughts should establish the form and shape which are determined (for the “animal”).
39This rule regarding “animals” is said to depend on the strongest planets in the cardines; I shall establish the thoughts whose qualities are made manifest by the conjunctions of each one (of the planets) and the series of signs.
40In Aries (the querist) is thinking of such things as flocks of sheep and so forth; because of the Sun, of kings, merchants, or dealers in wool; because of the Moon, of the wives of the elders (guru) or lords (isvara) ; because of Jupiter, of those who are put in charge of the ministry (sacivyapuraskrta);
41because of Venus, of beautiful women in assignations; because of Mars, of the leaders of armies of thieves; because of Mercury, of those who are respected by the men in charge of their work; and because of Saturn, of slaves or the sick.
42In Taurus (the querist) is thinking of herds of cows and bulls; because of the Sun, of rhinocerous, camels, mules, or elephants; because of the Moon, of Siddhas, Apsarases, or Asuras; because of Jupiter, of wealthy men or wandering bards;
43Because of Venus, of wealthy men or beautiful women; because of Man, of cow-herders or mechanics; because of Mercury, of salesmen or punditas; and because of Saturn, of she-buffaloes or deer.
44If Venus in the ascendant is in Taurus or in a navamsas of Taurus in a quadruped sign, he is surely thinking of cows; the acquisition or loss (of the cows) depends on what planet owns the varga it is in.
45If the Sun is in a moving sign, they say that (the cow) is copper-coloured and has previously been struck by a knife; if the Moon, (the cow) is as white as heaps of cream or as jasmines; if Jupiter, it is pale and the lobe of its ear has not been cut;
46If Venus, he is thinking of a milch-cow with a mark on its face and one sign made on its ear; if Mars, it is a very red cow, the tip of whose ear is torn and which is hungry, diseased, and wounded;
47If Mercury, know that it is pallid and pinkish; and if Saturn, thin, hideous, and fierce. And know that there are variations in their appearances and colors because of the planets’ being in each other’s vargas.
48If there is a decrease in the horns of the Moon, (the cow) has short horns; if the Moon is not waning, it has big horns. One should know about the horns (of the cow) from the sign and navamsa occupied by the Moon and from the conjunction of the Moon with the (various) planets.
49The sex of these (bovines) which are being spoken of – whether they are male or female – should be told from the sign occupied by Venus. The acquisition or loss of the cows is to be established from whether the lords of the (significant) signs are benefit or malefic.
50If the third sign (Gemini) is in the ascendent, (he is thinking of) a man and a woman; if the Sun is there, of Daityas; because of the Moon, one should know (that he is thinking of) uxorious men or artisans; because of Jupiter, of those who know about swords and missiles;
51Because of Venus, of those who are clever at singing; because of Mars, of people whose activities involve pain, weapons, and writing; because of Mercury of men who are proud of (their knowledge of) poetry and the traditions (sruti); and because. of Saturn, of those who are puffed up with pleasure.
52If the fourth sign (Cancer) (is significant, he is thinking of) aquatic creatures; because of the Sun, of aquatic “animals” distinguished for their teeth; because of the Moon, of fish or of the wives of kings; because of Jupiter, of Siddhas, Apsarases, or Asuras.
53Because of Venus, of women or “animals” born in sweet water; because of Mars, of “animals” which slaughter victims (to eat their) flesh and blood; because of Mercury, know (that he isthinking of) fish or goats; and because of Saturn, of porpoises or crocodiles.
54If Leo (is significant, he is thinking of) such things as wolves which eat flesh, bones, and blood; if the Sun is in Leo, one should know (that he is thinking of) tribes of Mlecchas (mlecchagana); because of the Moon, of those who are troubled by sorrows on all sides; because of Jupiter, of elephants or horses;
55If Venus, of she-buffaloes, deer, or goats; if Mars, of hyenas, cats, or wolves; if Mercury, of Kurus, grasshoppers, vultures, or geese; and if Saturn, of camels, weak “animals,” or boars.
56If the sixth sign (Virgo) (is significant, he is thinking) of youths, men who worship maidens, or virgins; the Sun (causes him to think) of the Pitrs or of physicians; the Moon of nurses, female friends, or those adorned with ornaments; Jupiter of wise men or the elders (guru) ;
57Venus of wives or affectionate women; Mars of his half-brother or contemporaries; Mercury of those who know the science of houses or of gods; and Saturn of slaves or subjects.
58If Libra (is significant, he is thinking of) those who are experts in buying and selling merchandise; because of the Sun, one should know (that he is thinking of) fools or tailors; because of the Moon, of those who live by dealing in jewels; because of Jupiter, of the heads of guilds (sresthi) or the best of merchants;
59Because of Venus, of those who deal in pearls, gems, and jewels; because of Mars, of goldsmiths; because of Mercury, of artisans and dealers in alloys; and because of Saturn, of ugly men who work in metal (loha) and stone.
60If Scorpio (is significant, he is thinking of) swarms of such things as scorpions and snakes; if the Sun (is there), one should say (that he is thinking of) huge carnivorous beasts or boa-constrictors; because of the Moon, of “animals” which live in holes; because of Jupiter, of such things as cows, mongooses, and partridges;
61because of Venus, of edible animals or those born of females; because of Mars, of serpents or scorpions; because of Mercury, of ants, Bhutas, Asuras, or flies; and because of Saturn, of worms.
62If Sagittarius (is significant, he is thinking of) horses, men, or gods; because of the Sun, one should find (that he is thinking of) other (“animals”) or elephants; because of the Moon, of Brahmanas who delight in ceremonies; because of Jupiter, of wise Brahmanas or horses;
63Because of Venus, one should know that he is thinking of cows and horses; because of Mars, of those (who thrive on) thievery, disease, and war, or of dancers; because of Mercury, of experts in arrows, missiles, and sacrifices; and because of Saturn, of very dull people.
64If Capricorn (is significant, he is thinking of) deer, crocodiles, or Brahmanas; because of the Sun, know (that he is thinking of) fish and so on, boars, or lions; because of the Moon, of fish, cattle, or Brahmanas; because of Jupiter, of all sorts of vultures, asses, and camels;
65Because of Venus, of edible “animals” or cattle; because of Mercury, of birds or fish; because of Mars, of gods, kings, or generals (nayaka) ; and because of Saturn, of the category (yoni) of horses and jackals.
66If Aquarius is in the ascendant, one should say (that he is thinking of) slaves or idiots; because of the Sun, of men who have the meaning of the doctrines (tantra); because of the Moon, of cutters of reeds and lotuses; because of Jupiter, of those whose faces are tranquil, broad, and feminine;
67Because of Venus, of women who live by dancing and acting; if Mars (is there), they say (that he is thinking of) severely harmful men; if Mercury, of fops who indulge in sexual intercourse and gambling; and if Saturn, of ascetic women.
68If Pisces (is significant, he is thinking of) fish, whales, tortoises, or conches; if the Sun (is there), one should know (that he is thinking of) Grahas, crocodiles, or serpents; if the Moon, of women, Siddhas, or ascetics; because of Jupiter, of (kings) on expeditions or of gods;
69Because of Venus, of assemblies of the best men and the gods; because of Mars, of harsh men or water-Raksases; because of Mercury, of builders of boats and rafts; and because of Saturn, of fishermen or those who live on fish.
70If Jupiter is aspected by Venus and Mercury, one should know (that he is thinking of) the abodes of multitudes of men; one should know that he is thinking of assemblies of men by the aspects of the lords of the signs on the (various) signs.
71If Aries (is significant), one should know (that he is thinking of) houses for soldier, goats, and cattle; if Taurus, (of houses) full of herds of cows; if the third sign (Gemini), of villages resounding with assemblies of Brahmana; if the fourth sign (Cancer), of temples of the gods;
72If Leo, they say (that he is thinking of) fortresses (durga) or walled cities (nagara); if the sixth sign (Virgo), of shelters for the gods or assembly-halls; if Libra, of markets, cities (pura), or emporia (pattana); if the eighth sign (Scorpio), of prisons for robbers;
73If Sagittarius, (of houses) for those who delight in sacrifices and sacred studies; if Capricorn, of places for those who depend on wages; if Aquarius, one should say (that he is thinking of) the dwellings of evil people; and if Pisces, of the houses of those who possess great treasures.
74Of this sort are the “animals” sprung from the signs and from the signs’ navamsas in the category (yoni) of “animals”; the dvadasamsas of the sign in the ascendant are said (to be effective) through the planets’ occupying them or conjoining with them (through aspect).
75As this rule involving the seven planets with their natures and the natures of their houses has been declared with regard to “animals”, so are (the rule) with regard to minerals and the rule regarding the working and use of plants obtained by (similar) combinations.